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Antoine Louis Popon de Maucune (21 February 1772 – 18 February 1824) led a French division against the British in 1811–1813 during the Peninsular War. He is referred to as Maucune in English-language sources. He joined the pioneer corps of the French army in 1786 and was a lieutenant by the time the French Revolutionary Wars broke out. He fought in the north in 1792 and in the Alps in 1793. Afterward he served in Italy through 1801. During this period, he fought at Arcole in 1796 and at the Trebbia, Novi and Genola in 1799. He was appointed to command the 39th Line Infantry Demi-Brigade and led it in the 1800 campaign.

Antoine Louis Popon de Maucune
Born21 February 1772 (1772-02-21)
Brive, Limousin, France
Died18 February 1824 (1824-02-19) (aged 51)
AllegianceFrance France
Service/branchSappers, Infantry
Years of service1786-1818
RankGeneral of Division
Battles/wars
AwardsLégion d'Honneur
Order of Saint-Louis

During the Napoleonic Wars Maucune led the 39th in Marshal Michel Ney's VI Corps at Elchingen in the 1805 campaign and at Jena, Magdeburg, Soldau, and Eylau in the 1806–1807 campaign. Promoted to general officer, he led a brigade at Friedland in 1807. In Spain from 1808 and 1811, he commanded a brigade at Gallegos, Tamames, Alba de Tormes, Ciudad Rodrigo, Almeida, Bussaco, Casal Novo, and Fuentes de Onoro.

In May 1811, the army was reorganized and Maucune was promoted to lead a division. This started a period of remarkable bad luck. At Salamanca in July 1812, his isolated division was wrecked by a combination of British infantry and cavalry attacks led by Lieutenant-general Stapleton Cotton, (later Viscount Combermere).[1] In June 1813, the British surprised his troops at San Millán de la Cogolla. The division missed the Battle of Vitoria but helped fight off the Allied pursuit at Tolosa. His division was scattered at Sorauren in late July 1813 and at the Bidassoa in October. After these defeats, Marshal Nicolas Soult replaced him with Jean François Leval. Sent to Italy, he was defeated at the Taro River in April 1814 while defending against three-to-one odds. Maucune is one of the names inscribed under the Arc de Triomphe on Column 35.

CareerEdit

Maucune was adjutant to General of Division François Watrin at the Battle of the Trebbia. On the second day of battle, 19 June 1799, he personally led some troops in an attack along the south bank of the Po River.[2]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Barthorp 1990, p. 14.
  2. ^ Acerbi, Enrico (2007). "The 1799 Campaign in Italy: Battle of the Trebbia June 1799: The Second Day". The Napoleon Series. Retrieved 2 February 2014.

ReferencesEdit