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Denarius of Gaius Antistius, 146 BC. The obverse shows the head of Roma, behind which is the shape of a dog. The Dioscuri are depicted on the reverse.

The gens Antistia, sometimes written Antestia on coins, was a plebeian family at Rome. The first of the gens to achieve prominence was Sextus Antistius, tribune of the plebs in 422 BC.[1][2][3]

Contents

OriginEdit

Legend points to a tradition that the Antistii came to Rome from Gabii, an ancient Latin town a short distance east of Rome. According to Dionysius of Halicarnassus, a certain Antistius Petro of Gabii concluded a treaty with Rome in the time of Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, the seventh and last King of Rome.[4][5]

PraenominaEdit

The oldest families of the Antistii used the praenomina Sextus, Lucius, and Marcus. In the later Republic, members of the gens also used Publius, Titus, Gaius, and Quintus. The Antistii Veteres used primarily Gaius and Lucius.

Branches and cognominaEdit

In the earlier ages of the Republic, none of the members of the gens appear with any surname, and even in later times they are sometimes mentioned without one. The surnames under the Republic are Gragulus, Labeo, Reginus, and Vetus. The latter was the greatest family of the Antistii, and held several consulships from the time of Augustus to that of Antoninus Pius. In 29 BC, Octavian elevated this family to the patriciate.[1][6]

Gragulus refers to a jackdaw (graculus in Latin), which is displayed on the bronze coins of the only known Antestius with this cognomen.[7]

MembersEdit

This list includes abbreviated praenomina. For an explanation of this practice, see filiation.

Antistii ReginiEdit

Antistii LabeonesEdit

Antistii VeteresEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, vol. I, p. 209 ("Antistia Gens").
  2. ^ a b Livy, iv. 42.
  3. ^ Universal Historical Dictionary, vol. 1, s.v. "Antistia, gens".
  4. ^ a b Dionysius, i. 4.
  5. ^ a b Universal Historical Dictionary, vol. 1, s.v. "Antistius Petro".
  6. ^ Farney, Ethnic Identity and Aristocratic Competition in Republican Rome, p. 288.
  7. ^ a b Crawford, Roman Republican Coinage, pp. 269–270.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, vol. I, p. 209 ("Antistius").
  9. ^ Livy, vi. 30.
  10. ^ Broughton, vol. I, p. 106.
  11. ^ Livy, xxvi. 33, ix. 12.
  12. ^ Broughton, vol. I, p. 154.
  13. ^ Livy, xxi. 63.
  14. ^ Broughton, vol. I, p. 239.
  15. ^ Livy, xxiii. 38.
  16. ^ Broughton, vol. I, pp. 256, 258 (note 6).
  17. ^ Livy, xxvii. 36.
  18. ^ Broughton, vol. I, p. 293.
  19. ^ Crawford, Roman Republican Coinage, pp. 257–258.
  20. ^ Plutarch, "The Life of Tiberius Gracchus", 4.
  21. ^ Cicero, Brutus, 63, 90, Pro Roscio Amerino, 32.
  22. ^ Velleius Paterculus, ii. 26.
  23. ^ Appian, Bellum Civile, i. 88.
  24. ^ Livy, Epitome 86.
  25. ^ Plutarch, "The Life of Pompeius", 9.
  26. ^ Drumann, Geschichte Roms, vol. i. p. 55.
  27. ^ Broughton, vol. II, p. 41.
  28. ^ Cicero, Epistulae ad Familiares, xiii. 29.
  29. ^ Broughton, vol. II, p. 249.
  30. ^ Suetonius, "The Life of Caesar", 82.
  31. ^ Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, vol. III, p. 880 ("Antistius Sosianus").
  32. ^ Tacitus, Annales xiii. 28, xiv. 48, xvi. 14, Historiae iv. 44.
  33. ^ Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, vol. III, p. 680 ("Antistius Rusticus").
  34. ^ Martial, ix. 31.
  35. ^ a b c PIR, vol. I, p. 85.
  36. ^ Krieckhaus, pp. 116–126.
  37. ^ A Companion to Marcus Aurelius, pp. 236–237.
  38. ^ Greek Anthology vol. xiii., p. 852 (ed. Jacobs).
  39. ^ PIR, vol. I, p. 86.
  40. ^ Valerius Maximus, iv. 7. § 3.
  41. ^ Broughton, vol. I, p. 564.
  42. ^ Caesar, De Bello Gallico, vi. 1, vii. 83, 90.
  43. ^ Cicero, Epistulae ad Atticum, x. 12.
  44. ^ Eckhel, vol. v. p. 137.
  45. ^ Broughton, vol. II, p. 252.
  46. ^ Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, vol. II, p. 692 ("Quintus Antistius Labeo").
  47. ^ Scholia ad Horatii Satirae i. 3. 83.
  48. ^ Plutarch, "The Life of Brutus", 12
  49. ^ Appian, Bellum Civile, iv. 135.
  50. ^ Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, vol. II, pp. 692, 693 ("Marcus? Antistius Labeo").
  51. ^ a b c d Velleius Paterculus, ii. 43.
  52. ^ Plutarch, "The Life of Caesar", 5.
  53. ^ Suetonius, "The Life of Caesar", 7.
  54. ^ Broughton, vol. II, pp. 127, 133, 139.
  55. ^ Plutarch, "The Life of Caesar", 5.
  56. ^ Cicero, Epistulae ad Quintum Fratrem, ii. 1 § 3, Epistulae ad Atticum, xiv. 9. § 3.
  57. ^ Cassius Dio, xlvii. 27, liii. 25.
  58. ^ Appian, Bellum Illyricum, 17.
  59. ^ Velleius Paterculus, ii. 90.
  60. ^ Florus, iv. 12. § 21.
  61. ^ Cassius Dio, lv. 9.
  62. ^ Tacitus, Annales iv. 17.
  63. ^ Frontinus, De Aquaeductu, 102.
  64. ^ Fasti Arvales, AE 1987, 163.
  65. ^ Camodeca, "I consoli del 43 e gli Antistii Veteres d’età claudia", pp. 234–236.
  66. ^ Tacitus, Annales xxi. 25.
  67. ^ Paul Gallivan, "The Fasti for the Reign of Claudius", pp. 408, 409, 413.
  68. ^ Tacitus, Annales xiii. 11, 53, xiv. 57, 58, xvi. 10, 11.
  69. ^ Tacitus, Annales, xiv. 22, 58 ff.
  70. ^ Cassius Dio, lxvii. 14.
  71. ^ Fasti Ostienses, CIL XIV, 244, 245, 4531–4546, 5354, 5355.
  72. ^ a b Liber Pontificalis.
  73. ^ a b Hydatius.
  74. ^ a b Chronography of 354.
  75. ^ Gallivan, "The Fasti for A.D. 70–96", p. 192.
  76. ^ Corpus Juris Civilis, 2 tit. 13 § 1.

BibliographyEdit

  • Marcus Tullius Cicero, Brutus, Epistulae ad Atticum, Epistulae ad Familiares, Pro Sexto Roscio Amerino.
  • Gaius Julius Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Gallico (Commentaries on the Gallic War).
  • Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Romaike Archaiologia (Roman Antiquities).
  • Titus Livius (Livy), History of Rome.
  • Valerius Maximus, Factorum ac Dictorum Memorabilium (Memorable Facts and Sayings).
  • Marcus Velleius Paterculus, Compendium of Roman History.
  • Sextus Julius Frontinus, De Aquaeductu (On Aqueducts).
  • Marcus Valerius Martialis (Martial), Epigrammata (Epigrams).
  • Publius Cornelius Tacitus, Annales, Historiae.
  • Plutarchus, Lives of the Noble Greeks and Romans.
  • Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus, De Vita Caesarum (Lives of the Caesars, or The Twelve Caesars).
  • Lucius Annaeus Florus, Epitome de T. Livio Bellorum Omnium Annorum DCC (Epitome of Livy: All the Wars of Seven Hundred Years).
  • Appianus Alexandrinus (Appian), Bellum Civile (The Civil War), Bellum Illyricum (The Illyrian War).
  • Lucius Cassius Dio Cocceianus (Cassius Dio), Roman History.
  • Chronography of 354.
  • Hydatius, Chronicon (The Chronicle).
  • Corpus Juris Civilis.
  • Joseph Hilarius Eckhel, Doctrina Numorum Veterum (The Study of Ancient Coins, 1792–1798).
  • Anthologia Graeca sive Poetarum Graecorum Lusus, ex Recensione Brunckii (The Greek Anthology, or Works of the Greek Poets, or the Collection of Brunck), Friedrich Jacobs, ed., Dyck, Leipzig (1794).
  • George Crabb, Universal Historical Dictionary, Baldwin and Cradock, London (1833).
  • Wilhelm Drumann, Geschichte Roms in seinem Übergang von der republikanischen zur monarchischen Verfassung, oder: Pompeius, Caesar, Cicero und ihre Zeitgenossen, Königsberg (1834–1844).
  • Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, William Smith, ed., Little, Brown and Company, Boston (1849).
  • Theodor Mommsen et alii, Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum (The Body of Latin Inscriptions, abbreviated CIL), Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften (1853–present).
  • René Cagnat et alii, L'Année épigraphique (The Year in Epigraphy, abbreviated AE), Presses Universitaires de France (1888–present).
  • Paul von Rohden, Elimar Klebs, & Hermann Dessau, Prosopographia Imperii Romani (The Prosopography of the Roman Empire, abbreviated PIR), Berlin (1898).
  • Liber Pontificalis (The Book of the Popes), ed. Louise Ropes Loomis, Columbia University Press (1916).
  • T. Robert S. Broughton, The Magistrates of the Roman Republic, American Philological Association (1952).
  • Michael Crawford, Roman Republican Coinage, Cambridge University Press (1974, 2001).
  • Paul A. Gallivan, "The Fasti for the Reign of Claudius", in Classical Quarterly, vol. 28, pp. 407–426 (1978); "The Fasti for A.D. 70–96", in Classical Quarterly, vol. 31, pp. 186–220 (1981).
  • Giuseppe Camodeca, "I consoli del 43 e gli Antistii Veteres d’età claudia dalla riedizione delle Tabulae Erculanenses" (The Consuls of 43 and the Antistii Veteres of the Claudian Age, from the New Edition of the Tabulae Herculanenses), in Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, vol. 138, pp. 259–269 (2002).
  • Andreas Krieckhaus, Senatorische Familien und ihre patriae (1./2. Jahrhundert n. Chr.), Kovač, Hamburg (2006), ISBN 3-8300-1836-3.
  • Gary D. Farney, Ethnic Identity and Aristocratic Competition in Republican Rome, Cambridge University Press (2007).
  • A Companion to Marcus Aurelius, Marcel van Ackeren, ed., Wiley–Blackwell (2012).

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). "Antistia Gens". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. 1. p. 209.