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Denarius of Gaius Antistius, 146 BC. The obverse shows the head of Roma, behind which is the shape of a dog. The Dioscuri are depicted on the reverse.

The gens Antistia, sometimes written Antestia on coins, was a plebeian family at Rome. The first of the gens to achieve prominence was Sextus Antistius, tribune of the plebs in 422 BC.[1][2][3]

Contents

OriginEdit

Legend points to a tradition that the Antistii came to Rome from Gabii, an ancient Latin town a short distance east of Rome. According to Dionysius of Halicarnassus, a certain Antistius Petro of Gabii concluded a treaty with Rome in the time of Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, the seventh and last King of Rome.[4][5]

PraenominaEdit

The oldest families of the Antistii used the praenomina Sextus, Lucius, and Marcus. In the later Republic, members of the gens also used Publius, Titus, Gaius, and Quintus. The Antistii Veteres used primarily Gaius and Lucius.

Branches and cognominaEdit

In the earlier ages of the Republic, none of the members of the gens appear with any surname, and even in later times they are sometimes mentioned without one. The surnames under the Republic are Gragulus, Labeo, Reginus, and Vetus. The latter was the greatest family of the Antistii, and held several consulships from the time of Augustus to that of Antoninus Pius. In 29 BC, Octavian elevated this family to the patriciate.[1][6]

Gragulus refers to a jackdaw (graculus in Latin), which is displayed on the bronze coins of the only known Antestius with this cognomen.[7]

MembersEdit

This list includes abbreviated praenomina. For an explanation of this practice, see filiation.

Antistii ReginiEdit

Antistii LabeonesEdit

Antistii VeteresEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, vol. I, p. 209 ("Antistia Gens").
  2. ^ a b Livy, iv. 42.
  3. ^ Universal Historical Dictionary, vol. 1, s.v. "Antistia, gens".
  4. ^ a b Dionysius, i. 4.
  5. ^ a b Universal Historical Dictionary, vol. 1, s.v. "Antistius Petro".
  6. ^ Farney, Ethnic Identity and Aristocratic Competition in Republican Rome, p. 288.
  7. ^ a b Crawford, Roman Republican Coinage, pp. 269–270.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, vol. I, p. 209 ("Antistius").
  9. ^ Livy, vi. 30.
  10. ^ Broughton, vol. I, p. 106.
  11. ^ Livy, xxvi. 33, ix. 12.
  12. ^ Broughton, vol. I, p. 154.
  13. ^ Livy, xxi. 63.
  14. ^ Broughton, vol. I, p. 239.
  15. ^ Livy, xxiii. 38.
  16. ^ Broughton, vol. I, pp. 256, 258 (note 6).
  17. ^ Livy, xxvii. 36.
  18. ^ Broughton, vol. I, p. 293.
  19. ^ Crawford, Roman Republican Coinage, pp. 257–258.
  20. ^ Plutarch, "The Life of Tiberius Gracchus", 4.
  21. ^ Cicero, Brutus, 63, 90, Pro Roscio Amerino, 32.
  22. ^ Velleius Paterculus, ii. 26.
  23. ^ Appian, Bellum Civile, i. 88.
  24. ^ Livy, Epitome 86.
  25. ^ Plutarch, "The Life of Pompeius", 9.
  26. ^ Drumann, Geschichte Roms, vol. i. p. 55.
  27. ^ Broughton, vol. II, p. 41.
  28. ^ Cicero, Epistulae ad Familiares, xiii. 29.
  29. ^ Broughton, vol. II, p. 249.
  30. ^ Suetonius, "The Life of Caesar", 82.
  31. ^ Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, vol. III, p. 880 ("Antistius Sosianus").
  32. ^ Tacitus, Annales xiii. 28, xiv. 48, xvi. 14, Historiae iv. 44.
  33. ^ Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, vol. III, p. 680 ("Antistius Rusticus").
  34. ^ Martial, ix. 31.
  35. ^ a b c PIR, vol. I, p. 85.
  36. ^ Krieckhaus, pp. 116–126.
  37. ^ A Companion to Marcus Aurelius, pp. 236–237.
  38. ^ Greek Anthology vol. xiii., p. 852 (ed. Jacobs).
  39. ^ PIR, vol. I, p. 86.
  40. ^ Valerius Maximus, iv. 7. § 3.
  41. ^ Broughton, vol. I, p. 564.
  42. ^ Caesar, De Bello Gallico, vi. 1, vii. 83, 90.
  43. ^ Cicero, Epistulae ad Atticum, x. 12.
  44. ^ Eckhel, vol. v. p. 137.
  45. ^ Broughton, vol. II, p. 252.
  46. ^ Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, vol. II, p. 692 ("Quintus Antistius Labeo").
  47. ^ Scholia ad Horatii Satirae i. 3. 83.
  48. ^ Plutarch, "The Life of Brutus", 12
  49. ^ Appian, Bellum Civile, iv. 135.
  50. ^ Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, vol. II, pp. 692, 693 ("Marcus? Antistius Labeo").
  51. ^ a b c d Velleius Paterculus, ii. 43.
  52. ^ Plutarch, "The Life of Caesar", 5.
  53. ^ Suetonius, "The Life of Caesar", 7.
  54. ^ Broughton, vol. II, pp. 127, 133, 139.
  55. ^ Plutarch, "The Life of Caesar", 5.
  56. ^ Cicero, Epistulae ad Quintum Fratrem, ii. 1 § 3, Epistulae ad Atticum, xiv. 9. § 3.
  57. ^ Cassius Dio, xlvii. 27, liii. 25.
  58. ^ Appian, Bellum Illyricum, 17.
  59. ^ Velleius Paterculus, ii. 90.
  60. ^ Florus, iv. 12. § 21.
  61. ^ Cassius Dio, lv. 9.
  62. ^ Tacitus, Annales iv. 17.
  63. ^ Frontinus, De Aquaeductu, 102.
  64. ^ Fasti Arvales, AE 1987, 163.
  65. ^ Camodeca, "I consoli del 43 e gli Antistii Veteres d’età claudia", pp. 234–236.
  66. ^ Tacitus, Annales xxi. 25.
  67. ^ Paul Gallivan, "The Fasti for the Reign of Claudius", pp. 408, 409, 413.
  68. ^ Tacitus, Annales xiii. 11, 53, xiv. 57, 58, xvi. 10, 11.
  69. ^ Tacitus, Annales, xiv. 22, 58 ff.
  70. ^ Cassius Dio, lxvii. 14.
  71. ^ Fasti Ostienses, CIL XIV, 244, 245, 4531–4546, 5354, 5355.
  72. ^ a b Liber Pontificalis.
  73. ^ a b Hydatius.
  74. ^ a b Chronography of 354.
  75. ^ Gallivan, "The Fasti for A.D. 70–96", p. 192.
  76. ^ Corpus Juris Civilis, 2 tit. 13 § 1.

BibliographyEdit

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). "Antistia Gens". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. 1. p. 209.