Anticosti National Park

Anticosti National Park (French (official): Parc National d'Anticosti) is a provincial park of Quebec, Canada.[1] It consists of 3 non-contiguous areas totalling 572 square kilometres (221 sq mi) of land in the centre of Anticosti Island.

Anticosti National Park
Parc National d'Anticosti
Chute Vauréal - Anticosti.jpg
Vauréal waterfall
Map showing the location of Anticosti National Park
Map showing the location of Anticosti National Park
LocationQuebec, Canada
Nearest cityPort-Menier, Quebec
Coordinates49°30′N 62°50′W / 49.500°N 62.833°W / 49.500; -62.833Coordinates: 49°30′N 62°50′W / 49.500°N 62.833°W / 49.500; -62.833
Area571.9 km2 (220.8 sq mi)
EstablishedApril 2001
Visitors5500 (in 2009)
Governing bodySépaq
www.sepaq.com/pq/pan/

It is organized into 6 tourist sectors and 1 central zone:[2]

  • Baie-de-la-Tour
  • Chicotte
  • Chute-Vauréal
  • Grotte-à-la-Patate
  • Observation
  • Vauréal-la-Mer
  • Zone centrale

HistoryEdit

The idea of creating a park on Anticosti Island goes far back. Already in the 1920s, the richness of Anticosti's flora was highlighted by botanist Marie-Victorin, who described the canyon of the Vauréal River as a "remarkable sanctuary" for ferns. But for the following decades, the entire island was privately owned by a succession of logging companies who invested little or nothing in environmental protection.[3][4]

In 1974, Anticosti Island was bought by the Government of Quebec and became public land once again. In 1987, the Regional County Municipality of Minganie officially incorporated the idea of creating a park in the Vauréal River area in its development plan. Thereafter, it took 14 years to complete the research, studies, planning, and public hearings. The Quebec government created the Anticosti National Park on April 26, 2001.[3]

Park featuresEdit

Natural attractions:[2]

  • Vauréal Canyon and Waterfall - At the Vauréal Waterfall, the Vauréal River drops 76 metres (249 ft) and then flows through a 90 metres (300 ft) deep gorge.
  • Tour Bay (Bay de la Tour) - This bay on the north side of the island is noteworthy for its breathtaking seascape with huge cliffs surrounding the bay and excellent bird watching opportunities.
  • Potato Cave (Grotte à la Patate) - This 625 metres (2,051 ft) cave is one of the longest caves in Quebec. It is named after the Potato River (Rivière à la Patate) which gets its name from a large granite erratic boulder shaped like a potato that is located at the river's mouth.
  • Brick River Canyon
  • Observation River Canyon

Activities:

  • Hiking - 45 kilometres (28 mi) of trails of various difficulty
  • Horseback riding
  • Sea kayaking
  • Guided tours

Park amenities:

  • 2 Visitor centres with restaurant, gasoline, and equipment rental
  • Accommodation in inns, cabins, or campgrounds
  • Picnic areas

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Registre des aires protégées du Québec Archived 2013-12-12 at the Wayback Machine, Ministère du Développement durable, de l'Environnement et des Parcs. (in French)
  2. ^ a b Parc national d'Anticosti - Park Journal 2008-2009 Edition, Parcs Québec
  3. ^ a b "Portrait du parc - Histoire de la création du parc national d'Anticosti" (in French). Sépaq. Retrieved 2009-11-10.
  4. ^ "Histoire d'Anticosti" (in French). Municipalité de L'Île-d'Anticosti. Archived from the original on 2010-05-05. Retrieved 2009-11-10.