Anthusa of Constantinople

Anthusa of Constantinople, commonly known as Saint Anthusa of Constantinople and in Orthodox usage as Saint Anthousa the Younger (750 or 757 – 801 or 808 AD) is a saint venerated in the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Catholic Church. Anthusa's feast days in the Orthodox Church are 12 and 18 April, while her feast in the Catholic Church is 27 July.[1][2][3] In the Catholic Church, Anthusa is patroness of convents and abbeys.[2] She was the daughter of Byzantine Emperor Constantine V.

Saint Anthusa of Constantinople
Anfusa Omoniskaya.jpg
An icon of Anthusa of Constantinople
Born750 or 757 AD
Constantinople, Byzantine Empire
Died801 or 808 AD (aged 51 or 57)
Byzantine Empire
Honored inEastern Orthodox Church Roman Catholic Church
Feast27 July (Catholic) and 12 & 18 April (Orthodox)

LifeEdit

ChildhoodEdit

During a campaign in Paphlagonia, Emperor Constantine V summoned the abbess Anthusa of Mantinea (Saint Anthousa the Elder), who he had tortured earlier for worshipping icons, and asked for her prayers due to the difficulty of the empress' pregnancy.[4] The abbess predicted the birth of twins, and the daughter was named in her honor.[1]

Anthusa of Constantinople was the daughter of the iconoclast Byzantine Emperor Constantine V and one of his wives. Details about her Anthusa's birth are uncertain. According to one source, she and her brother, the future Emperor Leo the Khazar, were twins born on 25 January 750 to Constantine's first wife (i.e. Tzitzak),[1] while another states that she was born in 757, a date which would make Eudokia her mother and rule out the possibility of being a twin, given that it is known for certain that Leo was born on the former date.[5][3]

Religious lifeEdit

When Anthusa became of age, her father urged her to marry. However, Anthusa desired monasticism and did not follow the emperor's orders. After the death of her father, Anthusa used all her personal property to help the poor and the orphaned. The devout Empress Irene, Leo's consort and therefore Anthusa's sister-in-law, regarded Anthusa highly and invited her to be her co-regent during the minority of Constantine VI. However, Anthusa declined the offer. At court, she wore clothes befitting her position as the late emperor's daughter, but underneath her elaborate clothes, she wore a hair-shirt.[1]

Anthusa entered the monastery of Saint Euthymia.[4] She was later tonsured by Patriarch Tarasios of Constantinople, and she founded the Omonoia Monastery ("omonoia" means 'concord' or 'charity') in Constantinople, which became known for its strict regulations.

DeathEdit

According to one source, Anthusa lived to the age of fifty-two, and died in 801 AD.[1][2] Other sources claim that she died in 808 at the age of fifty-seven.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "St. Anthusa of Constantinople". Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America. Retrieved 14 May 2020.
  2. ^ a b c "Saint Anthusa - Newman Connection - Effingham, IL". www.newmanconnection.com. Retrieved 15 May 2020.
  3. ^ a b "List of Saints and short information". users.uoa.gr. Retrieved 15 May 2020.
  4. ^ a b c "Venerable Anthusa of Constantinople". www.oca.org. Retrieved 15 May 2020.
  5. ^ Grierson, Philip (2001). Scritti Storici E Numismatici. Centro Italiano di Studi sull'Alto Medioevo. p. 273. ISBN 9788879882446.