Anthanassa texana, the Texan crescentspot, is a species of butterfly in the family Nymphalidae. It is found from Guatemala north through Mexico to southern California, east across the southern United States to northern Florida, Georgia and South Carolina. Strays may be found up to Arkansas, Missouri, Illinois, South Dakota, and central Nevada. The habitat consists of deserts, dry gulches, open areas, streamsides, road edges, and city parks.
The wingspan is 32–48 mm. The outer margin is indented below the tip of the forewing. The upperside is black with small white spots and some rusty red near the wing bases. The hindwings have a median band of cream-colored spots. Adults are on wing from March to November in southern Florida and Arizona. They are on wing year round in southern Texas and the tropics. There are several generations per year. Adults feed on flower nectar.
- Anthanassa texana texana (Arizona, Texas, New Mexico, Nebraska, Mexico)
- Anthanassa texana seminole (Skinner, 1911) (Florida, Georgia)
- "NatureServe Explorer 2.0 - Anthanassa texana, Texan Crescent". explorer.natureserve.org. Retrieved 8 May 2020.
- "Anthanassa Scudder, 1875" at Markku Savela's Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms
- A new species of Neominois from northeastern Mexico (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Satyrinae)
- Butterflies and Moths of North America