Ante Pavelić (1869–1938)

Ante Pavelić (Croatian pronunciation: [ǎːnte pǎʋelit͡ɕ] (About this soundlisten); May 19, 1869 – February 11, 1938) was a Croatian dentist and politician.[1][2]

Ante Pavelić
Ante Pavelić (dentist).jpg
Vice President of the National Council
of the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs
In office
October 29, 1918 – December 1, 1918
PresidentAnton Korošec
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byOffice abolished
President of the Pure Party of Rights
In office
March 10, 1917 – March 1, 1919
Preceded byMile Starčević
Succeeded byVladimir Prebeg (as President of the united Croatian Party of Rights)
Personal details
Born(1869-05-19)May 19, 1869
Gospić, Croatia-Slavonia, Austria-Hungary
(now Croatia)
DiedFebruary 11, 1938(1938-02-11) (aged 68)
Zagreb, Yugoslavia
(now Croatia)
Resting placeMirogoj, Zagreb, Croatia
Political partyDemocratic Party
Other political
affiliations
Party of Rights
Pure Party of Rights
Croatian Party of Rights
Alma materUniversity of Vienna
OccupationPolitician
ProfessionDentist

In Croatian sources, he is usually referred as stariji 'senior' or zubar 'dentist'[2] to be distinguished from the more notable Croatian fascist leader and politician Ante Pavelić, who was twenty years younger and member of a different Party of Rights.

Starting in 1906 he was a member of the Croatian parliament (Sabor) from the Party of Rights.[1] The Party of Rights that Pavelić belonged to was known as Milinovci,[2] after their leader Mile Starčević.

On October 5, 1918, Pavelić presided over the initial session of the National Assembly of the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs.[2] On October 19, he became the vice president of the National Assembly.[2] Pavelić authored the Croatian Parliament's declaration of October 29, 1918, that formally acknowledged the National Assembly as the superior authority over Croatia.[2]

Pavelić and others started negotiating with the Serbian envoy to the National Assembly Dušan T. Simović as soon as Hungary signed a truce with the Allies on October 13, 1918. Simović had said that their military victory and the treaty with Hungary gave them right to most of the territory of the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs, whereas Pavelić said that they want unification with Serbia, but that they needed a federal state as well as a delineation of Croatian and Serbian population that would assume a population transfer. Simović rejected the talk of federalization and Pavelić yielded, and there was no further discussion on either issue.[2]

As a delegate of the Assembly, he read the statement on uniting the SHS state with the Kingdom of Serbia into the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes on December 1, 1918.[1][2]

Later, Pavelić joined the Democratic Party, and in 1932 he became the Speaker of the Senate of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Pavelić, Ante". Proleksis Encyclopedia (in Croatian). Retrieved 2018-07-16.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Zlatko Matijević, Croatian Institute of History (November 2008). "Narodno vijeće Slovenaca, Hrvata i Srba u Zagrebu: Osnutak, djelovanje i nestanak (1918/1919)" (PDF). Fontes (in Croatian) (14). Croatian State Archives. pp. 35–36. ISSN 1330-6804.

External linksEdit