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Antônio Carlos Peixoto de Magalhães (September 4, 1927 – July 20, 2007) was a Brazilian politician. He served as Governor of Bahia three times and represented Bahia in the Senate of Brazil three times.[1] Magalhães was one of Brazil's most powerful politicians serving as a Minister for Communications, as Leader of the Liberal Front Party (PFL) and as President of the Federal Senate.[2]

Antônio Carlos Magalhães
ACM 2007.jpeg
Senator for Bahia
In office
1 February 2003 – 20 July 2007
In office
1 February 1995 – 30 May 2001
Acting President of Brazil
In office
16 May 1998 – 24 May 1998
Preceded byFernando Henrique Cardoso
Succeeded byFernando Henrique Cardoso
President of the Federal Senate
In office
2 February 1997 – 14 February 2001
Preceded byJosé Sarney
Succeeded byJader Barbalho
37th, 39th and 43rd Governor of Bahia
In office
15 March 1971 – 15 March 1975
Preceded byLuiz Viana Filho
Succeeded byRoberto Santos
In office
15 March 1979 – 15 March 1983
Preceded byRoberto Santos
Succeeded byJoão Durval Carneiro
In office
15 March 1991 – 12 April 1994
Preceded byNilo Moraes Coelho
Succeeded byRuy Trindade
Minister of Communications
In office
15 March 1985 – 15 March 1990
PresidentJosé Sarney
Preceded byHaroldo Corrêa de Mattos
Succeeded byOzires Silva
54th Mayor of Salvador
In office
10 February 1967 – 6 April 1970
Preceded byJulival Pires Rebouças
Succeeded byClériston Andrade
Personal details
Born
Antônio Carlos Peixoto de Magalhães

(1927-09-04)4 September 1927
Salvador, BA, Brazil
Died20 July 2007(2007-07-20) (aged 79)
São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Cause of deathMultiple organ dysfunction syndrome
Political partyDEM (2007)
PFL (1985–2007)
PDS (1980–1985)
ARENA (1965–1980)
UDN (1964–1965)
Spouse(s)
Arlette Maron
(m. 1952; his death 2007)
ChildrenLuís Eduardo
ACM Júnior
Tereza Helena
MotherHelena Celestino de Magalhães
FatherFrancisco Peixoto de Magalhães Neto
ProfessionDoctor, businessman

Early life and careerEdit

Magalhães was born in 1927 in Salvador, Bahia. His paternal grandparents were Portuguese.[3] Magalhães went to medical school.

His political career started at the age of 27 when he entered the Bahia state legislature. He was soon elected to the federal Chamber of Deputies, where he served three terms.[1] At first he was a protégé of Juscelino Kubitschek, who was then the President of Brazil.[2]

Political power brokerEdit

Magalhães supported the military coup that overthrew President João Goulart. He was appointed Mayor of Salvador and then as the Governor of Bahia twice. He also served as the head of the government's electricity agency, which enabled him to dispense patronage nationally.[2] Magalhães was also known for his harsh treatment of opponents of the regime and for his ability to make deals. This led to some of his opponents dubbing him "Toninho Malvaldeza" (Little Tony Evilness).[4]

In 1985, he switched allegiance to Tancredo Neves and helped José Sarney form the Liberal Front Party. Magalhães became the Minister for Communications in Sarney's Government allowing him to grant radio and television licenses to friends and supporters. When accused of corruption, he once said "I have good and bad friends, but I only govern with the good ones."[2]

In 1991, he was elected as Governor of Bahia for the third time before being elected to the Senate in 1994. He became the President of the Senate in 1997.[4] Magalhães also became the leader of the Liberal Front Party with the Social Democrat President of Brazil Fernando Henrique Cardoso relying on his support to pass legislation. This enabled Magalhães to have supporters placed in influential positions in the Government.

Magalhães was forced to resign from the Senate in 2001 after being accused of looking at how fellow Senators voted on an impeachment issue. He was re-elected in 2002 and when in 2003 Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva of the left wing Workers' Party was elected President, Magalhães claimed that he came from "the Workers’ Party wing of the Liberal Front Party" and was successful in having supporters appointed in Lula da Silva's administration. In January 2003, then Senator-elect Magalhães (PFL-BA) shook hands with Fidel Castro as Castro was leaving a luncheon given in Brasília in Castro's honor.[5] Later, on Castro's way to and from state visits to Africa, Castro would stop in Salvador da Bahia and spend a couple of days sharing stories with Magalhães.[2] Through this, right-winged Magalhães and communist Fidel Castro developed a friendship to the dismay of Castro's left-wing admirers in Brazil.[2]

He played an influential role in Brazilian politics until his death in 2007 from multiple organ failure.[4]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b AP via the Guardian, "Ex-Brazil Politician Magalhaes, 79, Dies" July 20, 2007
  2. ^ a b c d e f New York Times, "Antonio Carlos Magalhães, Brazil Politician, Dies at 79" July 21 2007
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-08-16.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ a b c AP via the Los Angeles Times, "Antonio Carlos Peixoto de Magalhaes, 79; influential politician in Brazil" 21 July 2007
  5. ^ World News Connection. (January 3, 2003) Brazil to Strengthen Ties With Cuba in Social Area.
Government offices
Preceded by
Haroldo Corrêa de Mattos
Minister of Communications
1985–90
Succeeded by
Clériston Andrade
Political offices
Preceded by
José Sarney
President of the Federal Senate
1997–2001
Succeeded by
Jader Barbalho
Preceded by
Luiz Viana Filho
Governor of Bahia
1971–75; 1979–83; 1991–94
Succeeded by
Roberto Santos
Preceded by
Roberto Santos
Succeeded by
João Durval Carneiro
Preceded by
Nilo Moraes Coelho
Succeeded by
Ruy Trindade
Preceded by
Julival Pires Rebouças
54th Mayor of Salvador
1967–70
Succeeded by
Clériston Andrade