Antônio Carlos Magalhães
Antônio Carlos Peixoto de Magalhães (September 4, 1927 – July 20, 2007) was a Brazilian politician. He served as Governor of Bahia three times and represented Bahia in the Senate of Brazil three times. Magalhães was one of Brazil's most powerful politicians serving as a Minister for Communications, as Leader of the Liberal Front Party (PFL) and as President of the Federal Senate.
Antônio Carlos Magalhães
|Senator for Bahia|
1 February 2003 – 20 July 2007
1 February 1995 – 30 May 2001
|Acting President of Brazil|
16 May 1998 – 24 May 1998
|Preceded by||Fernando Henrique Cardoso|
|Succeeded by||Fernando Henrique Cardoso|
|President of the Federal Senate|
2 February 1997 – 14 February 2001
|Preceded by||José Sarney|
|Succeeded by||Jader Barbalho|
|37th, 39th and 43rd Governor of Bahia|
15 March 1971 – 15 March 1975
|Preceded by||Luiz Viana Filho|
|Succeeded by||Roberto Santos|
15 March 1979 – 15 March 1983
|Preceded by||Roberto Santos|
|Succeeded by||João Durval Carneiro|
15 March 1991 – 12 April 1994
|Preceded by||Nilo Moraes Coelho|
|Succeeded by||Ruy Trindade|
|Minister of Communications|
15 March 1985 – 15 March 1990
|Preceded by||Haroldo Corrêa de Mattos|
|Succeeded by||Ozires Silva|
|54th Mayor of Salvador|
10 February 1967 – 6 April 1970
|Preceded by||Julival Pires Rebouças|
|Succeeded by||Clériston Andrade|
Antônio Carlos Peixoto de Magalhães
4 September 1927
Salvador, BA, Brazil
|Died||20 July 2007 (aged 79)|
São Paulo, SP, Brazil
|Cause of death||Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome|
|Political party||DEM (2007)|
(m. 1952; his death 2007)
|Mother||Helena Celestino de Magalhães|
|Father||Francisco Peixoto de Magalhães Neto|
Early life and careerEdit
His political career started at the age of 27 when he entered the Bahia state legislature. He was soon elected to the federal Chamber of Deputies, where he served three terms. At first he was a protégé of Juscelino Kubitschek, who was then the President of Brazil.
Political power brokerEdit
Magalhães supported the military coup that overthrew President João Goulart. He was appointed Mayor of Salvador and then as the Governor of Bahia twice. He also served as the head of the government's electricity agency, which enabled him to dispense patronage nationally. Magalhães was also known for his harsh treatment of opponents of the regime and for his ability to make deals. This led to some of his opponents dubbing him "Toninho Malvaldeza" (Little Tony Evilness).
In 1985, he switched allegiance to Tancredo Neves and helped José Sarney form the Liberal Front Party. Magalhães became the Minister for Communications in Sarney's Government allowing him to grant radio and television licenses to friends and supporters. When accused of corruption, he once said "I have good and bad friends, but I only govern with the good ones."
In 1991, he was elected as Governor of Bahia for the third time before being elected to the Senate in 1994. He became the President of the Senate in 1997. Magalhães also became the leader of the Liberal Front Party with the Social Democrat President of Brazil Fernando Henrique Cardoso relying on his support to pass legislation. This enabled Magalhães to have supporters placed in influential positions in the Government.
Magalhães was forced to resign from the Senate in 2001 after being accused of looking at how fellow Senators voted on an impeachment issue. He was re-elected in 2002 and when in 2003 Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva of the left wing Workers' Party was elected President, Magalhães claimed that he came from "the Workers’ Party wing of the Liberal Front Party" and was successful in having supporters appointed in Lula da Silva's administration. In January 2003, then Senator-elect Magalhães (PFL-BA) shook hands with Fidel Castro as Castro was leaving a luncheon given in Brasília in Castro's honor. Later, on Castro's way to and from state visits to Africa, Castro would stop in Salvador da Bahia and spend a couple of days sharing stories with Magalhães. Through this, right-winged Magalhães and communist Fidel Castro developed a friendship to the dismay of Castro's left-wing admirers in Brazil.
He played an influential role in Brazilian politics until his death in 2007 from multiple organ failure.
- AP via the Guardian, "Ex-Brazil Politician Magalhaes, 79, Dies" July 20, 2007
- New York Times, "Antonio Carlos Magalhães, Brazil Politician, Dies at 79" July 21 2007
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-08-16.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- AP via the Los Angeles Times, "Antonio Carlos Peixoto de Magalhaes, 79; influential politician in Brazil" 21 July 2007
- World News Connection. (January 3, 2003) Brazil to Strengthen Ties With Cuba in Social Area.
Haroldo Corrêa de Mattos
| Minister of Communications
| President of the Federal Senate
Luiz Viana Filho
| Governor of Bahia
1971–75; 1979–83; 1991–94
João Durval Carneiro
Nilo Moraes Coelho
Julival Pires Rebouças
| 54th Mayor of Salvador