António Maria Baptista

António Maria Baptista GCTE (Portuguese pronunciation: [ɐ̃ˈtɔni.u mɐˈɾi.ɐ βaˈtiʃtɐ]; 5 January 1866 – 6 June 1920) was a Portuguese military officer and politician.[1]

António Maria Baptista
Antonio Maria Baptista.jpg
Minister for War
In office
30 March 1919 – 29 June 1919
Prime MinisterDomingos Pereira
Preceded byAntónio Maria de Freitas Soares
Succeeded byHélder Ribeiro
Minister for Interior
(interim)
In office
20 April 1919 – 28 April 1919
Prime MinisterDomingos Pereira
Preceded byDomingos Pereira
Succeeded byDomingos Pereira
74th Prime Minister of Portugal
(20th of the Republic)
In office
8 March 1920 – 6 June 1920
PresidentAntónio José de Almeida
Preceded byDomingos Pereira
Succeeded byJosé Ramos Preto
Minister for Interior
In office
8 March 1920 – 6 June 1920
Prime MinisterHimself
Preceded byDomingos Pereira
Succeeded byJoão Pedroso de Lima
Personal details
Born(1866-01-05)5 January 1866
Beja, Kingdom of Portugal
Died6 June 1920(1920-06-06) (aged 54)
Lisbon, Portuguese Republic
Political partyDemocratic Party
OccupationArmy officer (General)

When he was lieutenant, he fought in Portuguese Mozambique, during the wars of pacification against the Vátuas, led by Gungunhana. He was promoted to colonel in 1917. He fought the monarchist uprising of 1919, and was nominated Minister of War in the same year. He, then, distinguished himself during a series of violent strikes, and a year later was nominated and became President of the Ministry (Prime Minister), on 8 March 1920. He died suddenly while in office, after a Council of Ministers reunion, on 6 June 1920.

He was posthumously promoted to general and was decorated with the Grand Cross of the Order of the Tower and Sword.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Pedro Figueiredo Leal, Manuel Baiôa: António Maria Baptista: O bejense que chefiou o Governo. In: Diario do Alentejo, March 11, 2020 (Portuguese).
Political offices
Preceded by Prime Minister of Portugal
(President of the Ministry)

1920
Succeeded by