António Bernardo da Costa Cabral, 1st Marquis of Tomar

António Bernardo da Costa Cabral, 1st Count and 1st Marquis of Tomar (9 May 1803 – 1 September 1889) was a Portuguese 19th century statesman.

The Marquis of Tomar
Retrato de António Bernardo da Costa Cabral (c. 1845).png
Prime Minister of Portugal
In office
9 February 1842 – 20 May 1846
MonarchMaria II and Fernando II
Preceded byDuke of Palmela
Succeeded byDuke of Palmela
In office
18 June 1849 – 26 April 1851
MonarchMaria II and Fernando II
Preceded byDuke of Saldanha
Succeeded byDuke of Terceira
Personal details
Born(1803-05-09)9 May 1803
Fornos de Algodres, Kingdom of Portugal
Died1 September 1889(1889-09-01) (aged 86)
Porto, Kingdom of Portugal
Political partyChartist

Early lifeEdit

Born in Fornos de Algodres he trained as a lawyer in Coimbra and was later appointed as a judge. A liberal, he earned a mixed reputation of fear and admiration.

CareerEdit

He was appointed Governor of Lisbon in 1836 and was a confidant of Queen Maria II of Portugal. The year he was appointed, he used force to put down radical mobs in Lisbon (the Rossio massacre). He restored diplomatic relations with the Vatican and re-introduced a conservative Constitutional Charter. Following an 1842 coup d'état, he was appointed as Minister and Secretary for Royal State Affairs (the equivalent of a today's interior minister) in 1843. In 1846 famine led to the peasant revolt of Maria da Fonte in the north of Portugal, and he was removed from office. He fled to England but was restored to power in 1848. Again due to his unpopularity and the now poor economic state of Portugal he was replaced for a second time by the Duque de Saldanha in 1851.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Political offices
Preceded by Prime Minister of Portugal
1842–1846
Succeeded by
Preceded by Prime Minister of Portugal
1849–1851
Succeeded by