Antón Losada Diéguez

Antón Losada Diéguez (b. Moldes, (Boborás), Spain, 22 December 1884 - d. Pontevedra, Spain, 15 October 1929) was a writer, Spanish politician, member of the Irmandades da Fala of Ourense, impulsor of the magazine Nós and correspondent of the Royal Galician Academy.[1] He was author of half a dozen books of poetry, seven books, two political writings, the incomplete work A domeadora and the speech Ouservacións encol da prosa galega.[2] He became a member in the Seminar of Galician Studies.[3] He was honoured on the Day of the Galician Letters of 1985.[4]

Antón Losada Diéguez
Losada, in 1928
Losada, in 1928
Born(1884-12-22)22 December 1884
Boborás, Spain
Died15 October 1929(1929-10-15) (aged 44)
Pontevedra, Spain
OccupationWriter and politician
NationalitySpanish
GenreJournalism, essay, theatre
SpouseAlbina Espinosa Cervela
Mercedes Espinosa Cervela
Children
  • Antón (First spouse)
  • Miguel, Mercedes, Albina, Xaquín, Luís and Xosé Antonio. (Second spouse)

BiographyEdit

 
The family Losada Diéguez in Ramallosa in 1898, Antón is the second by the right.[5]

Early yearsEdit

Antón Losada belonged to the Hidalgo family of traditional ideology and deeply Catholic. He was the son of Miguel Losada y Losada (1860-1913) and Carmen Diéguez Arias y Belt (1850-1888), who died of tuberculosis.[5] He spent five years as an intern at the Santiago Apostol School of the Society of Jesus in Pasaxe (province of Pontevedra). He studied literature at the University of Deusto, graduating in 1906. He took a law course at the University of Santiago de Compostela between 1902 and 1903, where he also acted as assistant professor of Armando Cotarelo Valledor.[6][7] His first writings were non published. In 1904, he went to Madrid where he obtained a doctorate in philosophy and literature. During these years, he wrote four theatrical pieces in Spanish that were presented in several contests.[4]

In 1907, he returned to Galicia to take part in the agricultural movement. He founded the agricultural unions in A Estrada and in other areas of Galicia.[4] During 1910, he relocated his usual residence in Galicia where he attained political appointment to the jaimismo and was chosen as secretary of the Traditionalistic Xunta of Santiago de Compostela.

 
According to Otero Pedrayo: Lousada was young gentleman of pazo, deeply religious, very traditional, literate, carlista.[8]

In 1911, he left Galicia again for Madrid in order to prepare for the civil service examination. In 1913, he won a place as professor of an institute in the Canary Islands. He completed his degree in law in Santiago, where he met Lois Porteiro. On 25 June 1915, he married Albina Espinosa Cervela, daughter of Laurentino Espinosa Valladares, with whom he had his first son, Antón. She died of typhus on 17 December 1916. From 1916, he supported the jaimismo movement and began to praise Catalan regionalism. On 31 December 1920, Antón married for the second time, this time marrying the sister of his first wife, Mercedes Espinosa Cervela, with whom he had six more children.[9]

Entrance in the galeguist movementEdit

1917 was to be fundamental in the political path of Losada since he became a member of the Irmandades da Fala. On 17 October, he wrote to Porteiro requesting information and, by 30 October, he had already been integrated into the Irmandade. During that year, he traveled to Barcelona with a delegation of the Irmandades to celebrate a Galician Week and got in contact with the Lliga. When Antón went back to Ourense he was responsible for receiving Francesc Cambó, and was responsible, with Rodrigo Sanz and Lois Porteiro, for organizing the Galician autonomy candidatures in the province of Ourense for the Spanish general election held in 1918, in coalition with the mauristas of José Calvo Sotelo.[10] The electoral defeat caused demoralization in the Irmandades and Losada concentrated his efforts in consolidating the group. In order to do so, he wrote many articles in the press, especially in El Emigrado, La Región, O Tío Marcos d'a Portela, A Nosa Terra, El Estradense and Alborada wherein his writings in Galician could be found, and at the same time continuing his work as Catholic propagandist in Pontevedra acting as president of Catholic Action and of the local Circle of Catholic Workers venues. He also tried to promote some of the first shy attempts have the Galician language adopted in the liturgy. He even translated Salve Regina into that language.

In November 1918, he chaired the I Nationalist Assembly of Lugo. Along with Risco and Arturo Noguerol, in 1920, he founded the Nós magazine. He accompanied Risco in the training of the Irmandade Nazonalista Galician during 1922 and was his Propaganda Minister for a year, failing in his attempts to reunify the galeguismo movement.[4]

 
Losada was one of the most relevant figures of the first years of Galician nationalism.[11]

On May 12, 1924, Antón Losada became a member in the Seminar of Galician Studies with the speech "Ouservacións encol da prosa galega". In reliance on Calvo Sotelo's promises, Losada collaborated initially with the Primo de Rivera dictatorship, as a provincial deputy in Pontevedra. During that period, Antón took part in the failed attempts to establish a Mancomunity of Galicia, leading to his capitulation at the beginning of 1925.[4] During the rest of the dictatorship, he participated in cultural activities such as founding the Choral Polifónica of Pontevedra, the Eiriña Football Club and his work in the Seminario de Estudos Galegos, but without forgetting the aspirations for autonomy for Galicia. He was only 45 years old when he died in Pontevedra in 1929.

Losada was a corresponding member of the Royal Galician Academy (May 22, 1928) and was honoured on the Day of the Galician Letters in 1985.[4]

 
"Conto" (Tale), Nós 5, 1921/6/24.[12]

WorkEdit

From joining the Irmandades until his death, Losada is known to have written a half-dozen poems, seven short stories, an unfinished fragment of a comedy, two articles about art and some other articles. In 1985, his Obra completa (Complete works) were published.

Some titles are:

  • Simbólica e ideas filosóficas contenidas en "La vida es sueño": drama en tres jornadas y en verso de D. Pedro Calderón de la Barca, 1910.
  • "Valentín Lamas Carvajal". Article published in O Tio Marcos d'a Portela nº 32 o 31/5/1918, p. 4.[13]
  • "Os camiños d'o agrarismo galego". Article published in A Nosa Terra nº 96 o 5/8/1919.[14]
  • "Conto" (Dous rapaciños rifaron...), tale published on Nós magazine n.º 5 on 24/6/1921.[15]
  • "Adiante" in A Nosa Terra nº 167, 1922/7/25.[16]
  • "Ouservacións encol da prosa galega", discurso de ingreso no SEG o 12 de maio de 1924.[6]
  • Excavaciones en Montealegre (Domayo), provincia de Pontevedra : memoria de los trabajos realizados y descubrimientos hechos por el concesionario Don Antonio Losada y Diéguez. 1927. MAN.
 
"Lonxe" & "Ano novo, vida nova".
  • "Inéditos do Lousada", published in Nós magazine nº 71 on November 15, 1929.[17] Include:
    • "Lonxe", dous poemas. O primeiro asinado: Pontevedra, Nadal, 1926, p. 191.
    • "Soneto XV [sic] da Vita nuova, do Dante". From Italian «Tanto gentile e tanto onesta pare...», p. 192.
    • "Un conto" (Boteime a camiñar pol-o Ceo, brincando...), p. 192.
    • "Outro conto" (Cando me erguín aquela mañán dixéronme...), p. 193
    • A domeadora, pp. 193–203. Obra teatral incompleta. Reedited in 1985[18] and 2005.[19]
  • "A significación profunda do galeguismo" in Pensamento galego I, C. Baliñas, 1977. ISBN 84-7337-004-X.
  • Antón Losada Diéguez. Escolma edited by Filgueira Valverde. Royal Galician Academy Publications. 1985.[20]
  • Obra completa. Ed. de J. Beramendi. Texts in Galician and Spanish. Xerais, 1985. ISBN 84-7507-181-3.[21]
  • Antoloxía de Antonio Losada Diéguez (1985). Limiar de Anxo Tarrío. USC. ISBN 978-84-7191-356-2.[22]
  • Arredor do noso futuro. Campus Universitario Ourense (1997). ISBN 84-87575-55-2.[23]
  • Traduccións poéticas de Antón Losada Diéguez. Ed: Marchisio, C. Bibliófilos Gallegos, 1999, ISBN 84-605-9791-1.[24]
  • Na estrada da vida: ensaio de comedia dramática, en tres actos e un prólogo. Fervenza. 2006. ISBN 84-96368-43-2.[25]
  • Os que soñan. Fervenza Edicións. A Estrada. 2006. ISBN 84-96368-41-6.[26]
  • Virilidade : ensaio cómico, orixinal e en prosa. Fervenza. 2006. ISBN 84-96368-44-0.[27]
  • O mellor de... Antón Losada Diéguez (1884-1929), ed. de Teresa Seara, 2010, La Voz de Galicia. ISBN 978-84-9757-257-6.[28]

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Fernández del Riego (1971). Galaxia (ed.). Historia da Literatura Galega (2ª ed.). p. 184.
  2. ^ A domeadora in Biblioteca Virtual Galega.
  3. ^ Losada Diéguez, Antón (2003). DEGU. 39. Ir Indo-La Voz de Galicia. p. 22. ISBN 84-7680-429-6.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Real Academia Galega.
  5. ^ a b c Fernández, F.: «Notas sobre a familia de Antón Losada Diéguez» Ágora do Orcellón 12, 2006, pp. 33-40.
  6. ^ a b Anton Losada Diéguez in galegos.galiciadigital.com
  7. ^ "Losada Diéguez, Antón".
  8. ^ Freixanes (1976).
  9. ^ Xenealoxia de Antón Losada Dieguez, escritor e nacionalista galego in Xenealoxia.org
  10. ^ Carlos Casares (2004). Conciencia de Galicia: Risco, Otero, Curros, tres biografías. Galaxia. ISBN 84-8288-687-8.
  11. ^   Caamaño Suárez, Manuel: "1985" 1m32s, RAG's YouTube Channel.
  12. ^ This is a retouched picture.
  13. ^ "Valentín Lamas Carvajal" in Biblioteca Virtual Galega.
  14. ^ "Os camiños d'o agrarismo galego" in Biblioteca Virtual Galega.
  15. ^ "Conto" (Nós n.º 5) in Galiciana, Biblioteca de Galicia.
  16. ^ "Adiante" in Biblioteca Virtual Galega.
  17. ^ "Inéditos do Lousada" published in Nós magazine nº 71 on November 15, 1929
  18. ^ Ed. in 1985 in Cadernos da Escola Dramática Galega by P. García and X. M. Dobarro
  19. ^ Ed. in 2005 por C. Loureiro Rodríguez with intro. by X. C. Garrido.[1] ISBN 978-84-96368-21-7.
  20. ^ Cover image of Antón Losada Diéguez. Publicacións da RAG
  21. ^ Studies of: Luís Losada (son), Filgueira, Durán, Villares and Beramendi. Cover image.
  22. ^ "Cover image of Antoloxía de Antonio Losada Diéguez". Archived from the original on 2016-01-26. Retrieved 2016-01-12.
  23. ^ Texts of Cuevillas, Risco, Pedrayo and Losada. Cover image
  24. ^ "Cover image: Traduccións poéticas de Antón Losada Diéguez". Archived from the original on 2016-01-28. Retrieved 2016-01-12.
  25. ^ Originally in spanish. Trad.: Carlos Loureiro Rodríguez. Cover image
  26. ^ Originally in spanish. Trad.: Mari Carmen Otero Otero. Cover image
  27. ^ Originally in spanish. Trad.: Valentín García Gómez. Cover image
  28. ^ O mellor de... Antón Losada Diéguez (1884-1929), cover image

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit