Antígona Segura

Antígona Segura Peralta (born September 20, 1971) is a Mexican physicist and astrobiologist. Since 2006, she has been a researcher at the Institute of Nuclear Sciences of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) and collaborator at the NASA Astrobiology Institute.[1] As a feminist she actively advocates for the inclusion of women in the exact sciences, mathematics, and engineering.[2] Segura has participated in several activities in and outside UNAM defending women's rights; she was awarded with the 2021 Hermila Galindo medal by the Congress of Mexico City.[3]

Antígona Segura
Antígona Segura Peralta
Antígona Segura.jpg
Born (1971-09-20) September 20, 1971 (age 51)
Mexico City, Mexico
NationalityMexican
Alma mater
Scientific career
Fields
InstitutionsInstituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México

Academic trainingEdit

Antígona Segura graduated with a degree in Theoretical Physics from the Autonomous University of San Luis Potosí. There she met the astronomer Miguel Ángel Herrera, with whom she conducted scientific research in a project directed by Arcadio Poveda. In 1997, she completed a master's degree in Astronomy at the UNAM Institute of Astronomy [es], and the same year she obtained a diploma in Science Communication from UNAM's General Directorate for Scientific Outreach.[4]

She earned her doctorate in the Earth Sciences postgraduate program at UNAM with the thesis Fijación de nitrógeno por relámpagos volcánicos en el Marte primitivo (Nitrogen Fixation by Volcanic Lightning on Primitive Mars), advised by Rafael Navarro González [es]. From 2005 to 2006, she worked as a postdoctoral researcher at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) associated with the California Institute of Technology (Caltech).[1]

Career and researchEdit

Segura's research is focused on the study of planetary atmospheres and the remote detection of signs of life. She also collaborates on a multidisciplinary project on the formation and conditions of the early solar system.[4] She has determined possible sources of energy for the generation of fixed nitrogen on primitive Mars, proposing volcanic lightning as a new source.

Her studies on biosignatures on habitable planets around M dwarf stars reopened the debate about the habitability of planets that revolve around these types of stars, and have been used to argue in favor of astronomical observation programs to better understand the processes that generate the chromospheric activity of the M dwarfs. Some examples are: Habitable Zones and M Dwarf Activity Across Time (HAZMAT),[5] the program of observations of Proxima Centauri with the MOST telescope,[6] the program for the detection and characterization of planets around M dwarfs using echoes of light,[7] and the MUSCLES Treasury Survey.[8]

Her research work has been developed at various institutions, such as the UNAM Institute of Nuclear Sciences,[9] the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory,[1] Pennsylvania State University, and the UNAM Institute of Astronomy. In addition, she is a science communicator, has worked at the news agency of the Mexican Academy of Sciences, has written for the UNAM magazine ¿Cómo ves? [es], and hosted the weekly radio program Hacia el Nuevo Milenio (Towards the New Millennium) on Radio Red AM.[2] She frequently gives talks to diverse audiences about astrobiology.

Antígona Segura was hired by the UNAM Institute of Nuclear Sciences in 2006.[2] Currently, she is the only female researcher working in the Plasma Physics and Interaction of Radiation with Matter Department.[3]

ActivismEdit

Along with her scientific research, Segura has worked for women's human rights. She has focused on academic spaces that have been masculinized, like the Institute of Nuclear Sciences. In 2016, Segura was the only female candidate competing for the direction of the Institute of Nuclear Sciences,⁣[10] and was the only candidate that proposed actions against gender inequality.[11]

Antígona Segura was sanctioned by the National Autonomous University of Mexico in 2018, after she advocated for a female student who was the victim of a sexual assault by a fellow student.[11]

In 2022, Antígona Segura was awarded with the Hermila Galindo Medal "for promoting women's equal access to the labor force."[3] Two hundred people signed a petition requesting that her advocacy for women's rights be recognized.[11]

Awards and recognitionsEdit

PublicationsEdit

ThesisEdit

  • Segura Peralta, Antígona (2001). Fijación de nitrógeno por relámpagos volcánicos en el Marte primitivo [Nitrogen Fixation by Volcanic Lightning on Primitive Mars] (Thesis) (in Spanish). National Autonomous University of Mexico. Archived from the original on May 31, 2019.

BooksEdit

  • Tiempo de elegir sin miedo, Memorias de una astrobióloga (2016), Editorial Piedra Bezoar
  • Souza, Valeria; Segura, Antígona; Foster, Jamie S. (2020). Astrobiology and Cuatro Ciénegas Basin as an analog of early Earth. Springer. ISBN 9783030460877.

Selected articlesEdit

  • "Ozone concentrations and ultraviolet fluxes on Earth-like planets around other stars" (2003)
  • "Biosignatures from Earth-like planets around M dwarfs" (2005)
  • Segura, Antígona; Navarro González, Rafael (2005). "Nitrogen fixation on early Mars by volcanic lightning and other sources". Geophysical Research Letters. 32 (5): L05203. Bibcode:2005GeoRL..32.5203S. doi:10.1029/2004gl021910. ISSN 0094-8276.
  • "A reappraisal of the habitability of planets around M dwarf stars" (2007)
  • "M stars as targets for terrestrial exoplanet searches and biosignature detection" (2007)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Antigona Segura-Peralta". NASA Astrobiology Institute. Retrieved January 18, 2022.
  2. ^ a b c d Rosas, Ketzalli (August 20, 2018). "Antígona Segura, la astrobióloga mexicana que busca vida en otros mundos" [Antígona Segura, the Mexican Astrobiologist Who Searches for Life on Other Worlds]. Distintas Latitudes (in Spanish). Retrieved January 18, 2022.
  3. ^ a b c d Género, Coordinación para la Igualdad de (March 17, 2022). "Conoce a las galardonadas con la medalla Hermila Galindo 2021". Coordinación para la Igualdad de Género UNAM (in Mexican Spanish). Retrieved March 22, 2022.
  4. ^ a b "Directorio Académico" (in Spanish). National Autonomous University of Mexico. Retrieved January 18, 2022.
  5. ^ Miles, Brittany E.; Shkolnik, Evgenya L. (2017). "HAZMAT. II. Ultraviolet Variability of Low-mass Stars in the GALEX Archive". The Astronomical Journal. American Astronomical Society. 154 (2): 67. arXiv:1705.03583. Bibcode:2017AJ....154...67M. doi:10.3847/1538-3881/aa71ab. ISSN 1538-3881. S2CID 119385780.
  6. ^ Davenport, James R. A.; Kipping, David M.; Sasselov, Dimitar; Matthews, Jaymie M.; Cameron, Chris (2016). "Most Observations of Our Nearest Neighbor: Flares on Proxima Centauri". The Astrophysical Journal Letters. American Astronomical Society. 829 (2): L31. arXiv:1608.06672. Bibcode:2016ApJ...829L..31D. doi:10.3847/2041-8205/829/2/L31. ISSN 2041-8205. S2CID 59125083.
  7. ^ Sparks, William B.; White, Richard L.; Lupu, Roxana E.; Ford, Holland C. (2018). "The Direct Detection and Characterization of M-dwarf Planets Using Light Echoes". The Astrophysical Journal Letters. American Astronomical Society. 854 (2): 134. arXiv:1801.01144. Bibcode:2018ApJ...854..134S. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aaa549. ISSN 2041-8205. S2CID 119397912.
  8. ^ France, Kevin; Parke Loyd, R. O.; Youngblood, Allison; Brown, Alexander; Schneider, P. Christian; Hawley, Suzanne L.; Froning, Cynthia S.; Linsky, Jeffrey L.; Roberge, Aki; Buccino, Andrea P.; Davenport, James R. A.; Fontenla, Juan M.; Kaltenegger, Lisa; Kowalski, Adam F.; Mauas, Pablo J. D.; Miguel, Yamila; Redfield, Seth; Rugheimer, Sarah; Tian, Feng; Vieytes, Mariela C.; Walkowicz, Lucianne M.; Weisenburger, Kolby L. (2016). "The MUSCLES Treasury Survey. I. Motivation and Overview". The Astrophysical Journal. American Astronomical Society. 820 (2): 89. arXiv:1602.09142. Bibcode:2016ApJ...820...89F. doi:10.3847/0004-637X/820/2/89. hdl:11336/21743. ISSN 0004-637X. S2CID 37040335.
  9. ^ "Dra. Antígona Segura Peralta" (in Spanish). National Autonomous University of Mexico. Retrieved January 18, 2022.
  10. ^ "Prueban terna para dirigir el Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares". Gaceta UNAM (2010-2019) (in Spanish) (4790): 1–18–19. August 23, 2016.
  11. ^ a b c "Antígona, la científica sancionada por la UNAM que será reconocida por el Congreso de la CDMX". www.proceso.com.mx (in Spanish). Retrieved March 28, 2022.
  12. ^ "Antígona Segura" (in Spanish). National Autonomous University of Mexico. Archived from the original on April 30, 2018. Retrieved January 18, 2022.
  13. ^ "40 mujeres con trayectoria en temas del espacio en México" [40 Women with Experience in Space Issues in Mexico] (PDF) (in Spanish). Agencia Espacial Mexicana. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 31, 2019. Retrieved January 18, 2022.
  14. ^ "Editorial Board". Astrobiology. Archived from the original on July 7, 2012. Retrieved January 18, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  15. ^ "Antigona Segura". International Astronomical Union. Retrieved January 18, 2022.
  16. ^ Hernández, Mirtha (March 9, 2017). "Reciben 79 académicas el Reconocimiento Sor Juana" [79 Academics Receive the Sor Juana Recognition] (PDF). Gaceta UNAM (in Spanish). National Autonomous University of Mexico: 10–12. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 31, 2019. Retrieved January 18, 2022.

External linksEdit