Anstruther Burghs (UK Parliament constituency)

Anstruther Burghs was a district of burghs constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1708 to 1800 and of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1832.

Anstruther Burghs
Former Burgh constituency
for the House of Commons
Subdivisions of ScotlandCounty of Fife
Major settlementsAnstruther Easter, Anstruther Wester, Pittenweem, Crail, Kilrenny
17081832
Number of membersOne
Replaced bySt Andrews Burghs
Created fromAnstruther Easter, Anstruther Wester, Crail, Kilrenny, Pittenweem

It elected one Member of Parliament (MP).

CreationEdit

The British parliamentary constituency was created in 1708 following the Acts of Union, 1707 and replaced the former Parliament of Scotland burgh constituencies of Anstruther Easter, Anstruther Wester, Crail, Kilrenny and Pittenweem.[1][2][3][4][5]

BoundariesEdit

The constituency comprised the burghs of Anstruther Easter, Anstruther Wester, Pittenweem, Crail, and Kilrenny, in the county of Fife.

In 1832, the burghs were combined with the Fife burghs of Cupar and St Andrews, which were previously components of Perth Burghs, to form St Andrews Burghs.

Members of ParliamentEdit

Election Member Party [6] !Notes
1708 Sir John Anstruther, 1st Bt
1712 George Hamilton
1713 Sir John Anstruther, 1st Bt
1715 Philip Anstruther
1741 John Stewart
1747 Philip Anstruther I Lieutenant-governor of Menorca 1742–1743
1754 Sir Henry Erskine, 5th Bt
1766 by-election Sir John Anstruther, 2nd Bt
1774 Philip Anstruther II Later 3rd Baronet
1778 by-election Hon. George Damer Chief Secretary for Ireland 1794–1795
1780 Sir John Anstruther, 2nd Bt
1783 by-election John Anstruther
1790 Sir John Anstruther, 2nd Bt
1793 by-election Robert Anstruther
1794 by-election William Dundas
1796 John Anstruther Whig MP for Cockermouth 1790–1796
1797 by-election Alexander Campbell
1806 Sir John Anstruther, 4th Bt
1811 by-election John Anstruther
Feb 1818 by-election Alexander Maconochie previously MP for Yarmouth, Isle of Wight
1819 by-election Sir William Rae, 3rd Bt Tory later MP for Harwich, Buteshire and Portarlington
1826 James Balfour Tory[7]
1831 Andrew Johnston Whig[8] afterwards MP for St Andrews Burghs
1832 constituency abolished. See St Andrews Burghs

Election resultsEdit

Elections in the 1830sEdit

General election 1831: Anstruther Burghs[5][9]
Party Candidate Votes %
Whig Andrew Johnston Unopposed
Registered electors c. 92
Whig gain from Tory
General election 1830: Anstruther Burghs[5][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory James Balfour 3 75.0
Non Partisan Robert Bullock Marsham 1 25.0
Majority 2 50.0
Turnout 4 c. 4.3
Registered electors c. 92
Tory hold Swing

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Anstruther Burghs". History of Parliament Online (1690-1715). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Anstruther Burghs". History of Parliament Online (1715-1754). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Anstruther Burghs". History of Parliament Online (1754-1790). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  4. ^ "Anstruther Burghs". History of Parliament Online (1790-1820). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  5. ^ a b c "Anstruther Burghs". History of Parliament Online (1820-1832). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  6. ^ Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844–1850]. Craig, F. W. S. (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 628–629. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
  7. ^ Fisher, David R. "BALFOUR, James (c.1775-1845), of Whittinghame, Haddington; Balgonie, Fife, and 3 Grosvenor Square, Mdx". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  8. ^ Fisher, David R. "JOHNSTON, Andrew (1798-1862), of Rennyhill, Fife". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  9. ^ a b Cook, Chris; Stevenson, John (1980). British Historical Facts 1760-1830. Basingstoke: Palgrave. p. 58. doi:10.1007/978-1-137-06465-3. ISBN 978-1-137-06465-3. Retrieved 7 May 2020 – via Google Books.

SourcesEdit