Anselme Gaëtan Desmarest

Anselme Gaëtan Desmarest (March 6, 1784 – June 4, 1838) was a French zoologist and author. He was the son of Nicolas Desmarest and father of Eugène Anselme Sébastien Léon Desmarest.[1] Desmarest was a disciple of Georges Cuvier and Alexandre Brongniart, and in 1815, he succeeded Pierre André Latreille to the professorship of zoology at the École nationale vétérinaire d'Alfort. He was elected to the American Philosophical Society in 1819[2] and to the Académie Nationale de Médecine in 1820.

Anselme Gaëtan Desmarest.

Desmarest published Histoire Naturelle des Tangaras, des Manakins et des Todiers (1805), Considérations générales sur la classe des crustacés (1825), Mammalogie ou description des espèces des Mammifères (1820) and Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles (1816–30, with André Marie Constant Duméril).

The brown algae Desmarestia is named in honour of Desmarest,[3] as well as the family (Desmarestiaceae) — and in turn, the order (Desmarestiales) — of which the genus is the type species.


Certain works by Desmarest are cited in 19th- and 20th-century references and attributed to A. G. Demarest which would apparently be a perpetuating error.[4]


  1. ^ Hans G. Hansson. "Anselme Gaëtan Desmarest". Biographical Etymology of Marine Organism Names. Göteborgs Universitet. Archived from the original on 27 October 2010. Retrieved September 21, 2010.
  2. ^ "APS Member History". Retrieved 2021-04-05.
  3. ^ Lamouroux, Jean Vincent Félix (1813). "Essai sur les genres de la famille des thalassiophytes non articulées" (PDF). Annales du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (in French). Paris: G. Dufour et cie. 20: 43–45. OCLC 2099267. Retrieved 11 December 2017.
  4. ^ O'Connell, Marjorie (1916). "Bibliography" . The Habitat of the Eurypterida. p. 261.