Ansari (nesba)(Redirected from Ansari (nisba))
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Al-Ansari or simply "Ansari" is a surname found mainly in Arab states of the Persian Gulf and other Arab and South Asian countries. Generally, it is considered that people with surname Al-Ansari or Ansari (in some parts of South Asia) have an Arab lineage originating from modern day Medina, Saudi Arabia.
Widely used in the Middle East and the Indian Subcontinent the surname Al-Ansari or Ansari originates from Ansar, the Medinan people that helped Islamic prophet Muhammad when he migrated from Mecca to Medina. The literal meaning of Ansar is "supporters".
The surname Al-Ansari is used among Arabs. Mostly in the Persian Gulf region and other Arab & Asian nations. Al-Ansar Tribe (الاوس و الخزرج) has also other family names that are from either الاوس or الخزرج which are called Al-Ansar. Al-Ansar are and is one of the most old Arab tribes in the history of the Arabic tribes. Many members of the tribe have settled all over Iran and the Persian Gulf. Many members now reside in the UAE and own businesses like Al Ansari Exchange and other commercial entities. One of the most notable members of the family that have settled in the United Arab Emirates is Dr. Abdulrahman Murtaza Abdulrahim Al Ansari who is currently the Chairman of Bid Capital and has formally served as MD of Dubai Islamic Bank.
In contrast, Iranians use surnames instead of patronymics. In Iran, it has become a surname, since Iranian use surnames. Some Ansaris escaped Medina after the death of Muhammad because they were Shia Muslims which was unpopular with the caliphates (Leaders) of that time except Imam Ali and Imam Hassan which were Shias themselves. This has also happened with the "Tabatabai", also originally a Nesbat.
South Asian usageEdit
The Ansari surname goes as far as being used in Pakistan, India and Bangladesh, claiming a lineage or ancestral link of people to the Ansar of Medina. Through the various waves of migration from the Arabian Peninsula, Iran and Central Asia, descendants of the Ansari tribes arrived in the Indian Subcontinent. These families, mainly came either as scholars, government administrators and functionaries, soldiers or officers. Ansaris in the Indian subcontinent hail both from the Shi'a and Sunni Islamic schools of thought.
The main settlements and concentrations of Ansaris in the Indian subcontinent, were in Multan (modern day Pakistan); Sindh (modern day Pakistan) and major parts of northern India. Currently some Ansaris also reside in the western Konkan Coast of India, whose ancestors are said to have firstly came and settled from the Arabian Peninsula via sea routes as scholars or traders.
Many of the Ansaris in northern India and Pakistan were involved in fabric manufacturing .i.e. weaving (Urdu: julaha). Often but not necessarily, Ansari is used to identify a caste as well. See also, Islam in India.
Although, Ansaris hold a higher status in Islam for their keen support and involvement of their ancestors in many key Islamic events like the Battle of Badr, the Battle of Uhud, etc. Muhammad always considered his Ansar companions his close allies as they were one of the initial supporters of Islam. He is said to have appreciated the Ansar tribes at many events.
About Indian, Pakistani and Bangladeshi Ansaris this info is incorrect. In India before partition a group of lower middle class Muslims (labour class mostly weavers) gathered or formed and named as Ansaris
Notable Ansari as nesbaEdit
- Abu Ayyub al-Ansari, a prominent companion of Muhammad
- Ansari ( other companions of Muhammad)
- Khwaja Muhammad Latif Ansari, scholar and descendant of Khwaja Abdullah Ansari, the descendant of Abu Ayyub al-Ansari
- Sa'id ibn Aws al-Ansari (died 830), Arab linguist and narrator of hadith
- Abu al-Qasim al-Zahrawi (936–1013), also known as Albucasis, Arab Muslim physician and surgeon who lived in Al-Andalus
- Khwaja Abdullah Ansari (1006–1088), Persian mystic and poet, and one of the descendants of Abu Ayyub al-Ansari
- Shams al-Din al-Ansari al-Dimashqi (1256–1327), Syrian Arab geographer
- Zakariyya al-Ansari (1420–1520), Egyptian Sufi mystic
- Morteza Ansari (1781–1864), Shia jurist from Dezful, Iran
First Naats in islamEdit
- Tala' al Badru 'Alayna Tala‘ al-Badru ‘Alaynā (Arabic: طلع البدر علينا) is a traditional Islamic song known as nasheed that the Ansar sang to Muhammad upon his arrival at Yathrib after completing the Hijra in 622 CE. The song is currently over 1400 years old, and one of the oldest in the Islam.