Anoatok

Anoatok (Eskimo-Aleut for "the wind loved spot"), now Kane Manor, is an historic residence which is located in Kane, Pennsylvania, in McKean County. Commissioned by the author, physician and women's rights activist Elizabeth Dennistoun Wood Kane (1836–1909), one of the first women to enroll in the Medical College of Pennsylvania[2] and the widow of American Civil War General Thomas L. Kane (1822–1883), the home was erected in 1896 after being designed for Elizabeth Kane by Cope & Stewardson, one of the most prominent architecture firms of the late 1800s and early 1900s. The mansion's name alludes to the exploits of her late brother-in-law and Arctic explorer Elisha Kent Kane.[3]

Anoatok
Anoatok Jun 09.JPG
Anoatok in June 2009
Anoatok is located in Pennsylvania
Anoatok
Location
Coordinates41°39′50.5″N 78°47′56.5″W / 41.664028°N 78.799028°W / 41.664028; -78.799028Coordinates: 41°39′50.5″N 78°47′56.5″W / 41.664028°N 78.799028°W / 41.664028; -78.799028
Area10 acres (4.0 ha)
Built1896–1897
ArchitectCope & Stewardson
Architectural styleColonial Revival, Georgian
NRHP reference No.86000039[1]
Added to NRHPJanuary 7, 1986

This property was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on January 7, 1986.[1]

HistoryEdit

After the destruction by fire of her family's home in Kane, Pennsylvania in 1896, author, physician[4] and women's rights activist Elizabeth Dennistoun Wood Kane, one of the first women to enroll in the Medical College of Pennsylvania,[5][6] chose Cope & Stewardson, to design and build a new residence for her and her sons. One of the most influential architecture firms in the nation at that time, Cope & Stewardson completed work on the Georgian Colonial Revival-style mansion during 1896 and 1897. She subsequently named her new residence "Anoatok" in honor of the Arctic explorations of her late brother-in-law, Elisha Kent Kane.[3]

Following Elizabeth Kane's death at the mansion in 1909, ownership of the residence was awarded to her sons Evan and Thomas, the latter of whom moved out after a new home was completed for him in 1910 by Cope & Stewardson.[3] Anoatok was then converted into an inn by Evan's son, Elisha Kent Kane III, during the mid-1930s. Sold by the family to an outside party in 1983, it is now operated as the bed and breakfast known as "Kane Manor."[7]

Architectural featuresEdit

According to Richard F. Bly, president of Commonwealth Historic Properties, Inc. and the individual who prepared the nomination form on August 19, 1985 to secure placement of this property on the National Register of Historic Places, Anoatok was "the most prominent residence in Kane" during the 1980s, due as much to its design and craftsmanship, as to its placement on land which was 2,040 feet above sea level. Erected in such a way that it afforded its inhabitants "a spectacular view of the South Branch Kinzua Creek Valley," the residence remained "virtually unaltered in its overall floor plan since being erected in 1897-97." Designed in the Georgian Colonial Revival style by Cope & Stewardson, Elizabeth Kane's three-story, 18,000 square foot, rectangular brick frame residence was erected on a cut sandstone foundation, and had "a buff face brick exterior" which employed bricks that had been manufactured by the Kane Brick Company in nearby Sergeant, Pennsylvania. The brown-shingled hip roof was built with three small dormers "encasing one window each on both the eastern and western exposures," and a north-to-south-running widow's walk was built on the roof's apex. "The two parallel railings of turned wood balusters [were] painted white and [ran] between two solid buff brick cupolas." In addition, each of the building's exposures was adorned with a cut stone frieze, which "served as the sill for all second story windows."[8]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "NPS Focus". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. Archived from the original on July 25, 2008. Retrieved July 4, 2009.
  2. ^ Barnes, abstract.
  3. ^ a b c Bly, § 8, p. 2.
  4. ^ The Pennsylvania Medical Journal, Vol. 9, No. 6, 1906: p. 463.
  5. ^ Bly, § 8, p. 1.
  6. ^ Barnes, abstract.
  7. ^ Bly, § 8, p. 3.
  8. ^ Bly, § 7, p. 1.

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit

  • Kane Manor Bed and Breakfast Inn (official website)
  • Anoatok (profile), in "Philadelphia Architects and Buildings." Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: The Athenaeum of Philadelphia, retrieved online September 28, 2019.