Anno Domini 2000, or, Woman's Destiny

Anno Domini 2000, or, Woman's Destiny (1889) is usually regarded[who?] as New Zealand's first science fiction novel. It was written by former Prime Minister of New Zealand Sir Julius Vogel. It anticipated a utopian world where women held many positions of authority, and in fact New Zealand became the first country to give women the vote, and from 1998 to 2008 continuously had a female Prime Minister, while for a short period (2005–2006) all five highest government positions (Queen, Governor-General, Prime Minister, Speaker of the House and Chief Justice) were simultaneously held by women.

Anno Domini 2000, or, Woman's Destiny
ANNO DOMINI 2000 Original Front Cover (1889).png
AuthorSir Julius Vogel
CountryNew Zealand
Published1889 (1889)

Plot summaryEdit

The novel describes the exploits of Hilda Fitzherbert, a 23-year-old Undersecretary for Home Affairs in a future where the British Empire has achieved both female suffrage (which New Zealand granted in real life in 1893) and become an Imperial Federation, which also included Belgium and coastal territories along the English Channel. However, Sir Reginald Paramatta, a villainous Australian republican, has his eyes set on the abduction and wooing of Miss Fitzherbert. Miss Fitzherbert foils the Republican plans and falls in love with Emperor Albert, the dashing young ruler of the Federated British Empire.

Unfortunately, their plans hit a snag when the Emperor refuses the hand of the female US president's daughter, which precipitates an Anglo-American war, which the Empire wins, leading to the dissolution of the United States, its reabsorption into the Empire, and the ensuing marriage of Hilda and the Emperor. Several years later, the Emperor and his Empress find that their opinions about male primacy in royal succession have reversed themselves, when faced with a brilliantly competent princess and bookish, scholarly prince as prospective heirs apparent to the throne.


There are large slabs of intrusive detail about the intricacies of finance and federal imperial politics, and the novel did not sell well initially. It has attracted posthumous recognition for its uncanny representation of New Zealand's female-dominated political, judicial and corporate executive hierarchies in 2000. It was reissued in 2001, and the University of Hawaii Press published its first American edition in 2002. An ebook version was published in 2013 by Hurricane Press with a retrospective chapter describing the origins of the book and the early newspaper reviews.


  • Sir Julius Vogel: Anno Domini 2000 Or A Woman's Destiny: Auckland: Longman: 1889.
  • Sir Julius Vogel: Anno Domini 2000 Or A Woman's Destiny: Auckland: Exisle: 2001: ISBN 0-908988-16-8
  • Sir Julius Vogel: Anno Domini 2000 Or A Woman's Destiny: Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press: 2002: ISBN 0-8248-2501-2
  • Sir Julius Vogel: Anno Domini 2000 Or A Woman's Destiny: New Zealand Electronic Text Centre. Full text freely available online
  • Sir Julius Vogel: Anno Domini 2000 Or A Woman's Destiny: Cambridge, New Zealand: Hurricane Press: 2013: ISBN 978-0-9876636-1-0 (ebook version with retrospective review)