Princess Anne Thérèse of Savoy
Anne Thérèse of Savoy (1 November 1717 – 5 April 1745) was a Savoyard princess born in Paris, France. She was the second wife of Charles de Rohan, Prince de Soubise, a military leader and friend of Louis XV. She was also a first half-cousin of Louis sharing the same grandfather Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia.
|Princess of Soubise|
|Born||1 November 1717|
Hôtel de Soissons, Paris, France
|Died||5 April 1745 (aged 27)|
Hôtel de Soubise, Paris, France
|Spouse||Charles de Rohan, Prince of Soubise|
|Victoire, Duchess of Montbazon|
|House||Savoy-Carignano (by birth)|
|Father||Victor Amadeus of Savoy, Prince of Carignano|
|Mother||Maria Vittoria Francesca of Savoy|
Through her mother, she was a granddaughter of the then king Victor Amadeus of Sicily. Her mother was Maria Vittoria Francesca, legittimata di Savoia, Marchesa di Susa, a legitimised daughter of Victor Amadeus II and his maîtresse-en-titre, Jeanne Baptiste d'Albert de Luynes.
She grew up in Paris, their parents fleeing the court of Savoy due to embarrassingly large debts. Their parents arrived in Paris during the regency of Philippe d'Orléans (1715–1723), regent of the Kingdom for the infant Louis XV.
Her husband to be was Charles de Rohan, the widower of Anne Marie Louise de La Tour d'Auvergne, a granddaughter of Marie Mancini. As head of the cadet branch of the House of Rohan, Charles bore the titles Prince de Soubise and Duke of Rohan-Rohan. He became a Marshal of France in 1758, and served as a minister to Louis XV and Louis XVI. Orphaned at the age of 9, he was a notorious libertine.
The couple married in the original (vieux) donjon of the château de Rohan in the town of Saverne on 6 November 1741. Presiding over the ceremony was the bridegroom's brother, Armand de Rohan, bishop of Strasbourg. Anne Thérèse had a step-daughter, Charlotte de Rohan, future wife of Louis Joseph de Bourbon, prince de Condé and grandmother of Louis Antoine Henri de Bourbon, Duke of Enghien, an émigré whose seizure and execution by personal order of Napoleon I would shock Europe in 1804.
|Victoire Armande Josèphe de Rohan
Duchess de Montbazon
|28 December 1743 –
20 September 1807
|Born at the Hôtel de Soubise; married Henri de Rohan, Duke de Montbazon and had issue; was the governess of Madame Royale and Monsieur le Dauphin, children of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette;|
References and notesEdit
- The Kingdom of Sicily was exchanged for the Kingdom of Sardinia in 1720 when Anne Thérèse was three years old
- Genealogie ascendante jusqu'au quatrieme degre inclusivement de tous les Rois et Princes de maisons souveraines de l'Europe actuellement vivans [Genealogy up to the fourth degree inclusive of all the Kings and Princes of sovereign houses of Europe currently living] (in French). Bourdeaux: Frederic Guillaume Birnstiel. 1768. p. 97.