Annapurna Devi Mandir

Annapurna Devi Mandir (Hindi: अन्नपूर्णा देवी मंदिर), also known as Annapurna Mata Mandir and Annapurna Mandir, is one of the most famous Hindu temples (Mandir) in the holy city of Varanasi. This temple has great religious importance in Hinduism and is dedicated to the goddess Annapurna. Annapurna is the Hindu goddess for nourishment and is a form of the goddess Parvati. The current Annapurna Mandir was constructed in the 18th century by Maratha Peshwa Bajirao I.[2][3][4][5]

Annapurna Devi Mandir
अन्नपूर्णा देवी मंदिर
Annapurna devi.jpg
Pictorial depiction of Goddess Annapurna Devi offering food to Shiva
DeityAnnapurna Devi
LocationVisheshwarganj, Varanasi
StateUttar Pradesh
Country India
Annapurna Devi Mandir is located in Varanasi district
Annapurna Devi Mandir
Temple location on Varanasi district map
Geographic coordinates25°19′04″N 82°58′26″E / 25.317645°N 82.973914°E / 25.317645; 82.973914Coordinates: 25°19′04″N 82°58′26″E / 25.317645°N 82.973914°E / 25.317645; 82.973914
TypeNagara architecture
CreatorMaratha Peshwa Baji Rao
Monument(s)Two (main)
Elevation80[1] m (262 ft)


Annapurna Devi Mandir was constructed in 1729 AD by Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao.[4]


The temple is constructed in Nagara architecture and has sanctum with large pillared porch, which houses a picture of goddess Annapurna. The temple also houses two icons of the goddess; one made of gold and other of brass. The brass icon is available for daily darshan (viewing & worship). The gold icon can be only seen once a year; on Annakut day.[4]


In Hindu mythology, there are two popular beliefs behind the origin of this temple.

According to one belief, once the goddess Parvati closed all three eyes of her husband Shiva. Due to this, the entire world was filled with darkness. Parvati stole her fair complexion (Gauri form). She asked Shiva for his help to reacquire her Gauri form. Shiva asked her to donate anna (food) in Varanasi. Hence, she took the form of Annapurna (the goddess of food) with a golden pot and ladle, and donated food in Varanasi.

According to another belief, once Shiva commented that the entire world (including food) is maya (illusion). Parvati, the goddess of food, got angry and decided to demonstrate the importance of food by making all the food on earth disappear. The world started to suffer due to hunger. Shiva finally came to Parvati and acknowledged the importance of food, begging for food at her door. Parvati became happy, offered food by her own hands to Shiva and then made a kitchen in Varanasi for her devotees.


Annapurna Devi Mandir is situated in Visheshwarganj, Varanasi. It is situated 15 meters North-West of the famous Kashi Vishwanath Mandir, 350 meters West of Manikarnika Ghat, 5 kilometers South-East of Varanasi Junction railway station and 4.5 kilometers North-East of Banaras Hindu University.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Elevation". Elevation finder. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
  2. ^ "Annapurna Devi Mandir". Retrieved 29 June 2015.
  3. ^ "Bhavani Devi". Varanasi Temples. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
  4. ^ a b c "Annapurna Temple in Varanasi". Temple Travel. Archived from the original on 6 April 2015. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
  5. ^ "Maa Annapurneshwari Stotram". Bhakti Song. Retrieved 3 January 2019.