Annabelle is an allegedly-haunted Raggedy Ann doll, housed in the now closed occult museum of the paranormal investigators Ed and Lorraine Warren. Annabelle was moved there after supposed hauntings in 1970. A character based on the doll is one of the antagonists that appear in The Conjuring Universe.
According to the Warrens, a student nurse was given the doll in 1971. They said that the doll behaved strangely, and that a psychic medium told the student that the doll was inhabited by the spirit of a deceased girl named "Annabelle". The student and her roommate tried to accept and nurture the spirit-possessed doll, but the doll reportedly exhibited malicious and frightening behavior. It was at this point that the Warrens say they were first contacted, moving the doll to their museum after pronouncing it demonically possessed. The doll remained in a glass box at The Warrens' Occult Museum in Monroe, Connecticut until the museum's closing.
Texas State University assistant professor of religious studies Joseph Laycock says most skeptics have dismissed the Warrens' museum as "full of off-the-shelf Halloween junk, dolls and toys, books you could buy at any bookstore". Laycock calls the Annabelle legend an "interesting case study in the relationship between pop culture and paranormal folklore" and speculates that the demonic doll trope popularized by films such as Child's Play, Dolly Dearest, and The Conjuring likely emerged from early legends surrounding Robert the Doll, as well as from a Twilight Zone episode released five years prior to the Warrens' story, entitled "Living Doll", in which the character of the mother is named Annabelle. Laycock suggests that "the idea of demonically possessed dolls allows modern demonologists to find supernatural evil in the most banal and domestic of places."
Commenting on publicity for the Warrens' occult museum coinciding with the film release of The Conjuring, science writer Sharon A. Hill said that many of the myths and legends surrounding the Warrens have "seemingly been of their own doing" and that many people may have difficulty "separating the Warrens from their Hollywood portrayal". Hill criticized sensational press coverage of the Warrens' occult museum and its Annabelle doll. She said, "Like real-life Ed Warren, real-life Annabelle is actually far less impressive." Of the supernatural claims made about Annabelle by Ed Warren, Hill said, "We have nothing but Ed's word for this, and also for the history and origins of the objects in the museum."
The doll was also described in Gerald Brittle's 1980 biography of the Warrens, The Demonologist.
The Warrens' story of the doll served as inspiration for the Annabelle doll character depicted in The Conjuring Universe, a film series that includes the following: Annabelle (2014), Annabelle: Creation (2017), and Annabelle Comes Home (2019). The producers did not use the likeness of Raggedy Ann, partially due to potential trademark issues and partially to make the doll's appearance more unsettling for a horror film; its appearance has been described as a "terrifying porcelain doll that is disfigured and immediately menacing". The character makes its first appearance in James Wan's The Conjuring (2013)  and additionally makes brief appearances in his sequel The Conjuring 2 (2016) and Michael Chaves's The Curse of La Llorona (2019) and The Conjuring: The Devil Made Me Do It (2021), as well as in the DC Extended Universe films Aquaman (2018) and Shazam! (2019), respectively directed by Wan and Annabelle: Creation director David F. Sandberg. The doll also appears in Shazam! Fury of the Gods, also directed by Sandberg.
- Laycock, Joseph (2014-07-08). "The Paranormal To Pop Culture Pipeline". Religion Dispatches. University of Southern California. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 19 February 2016.
- "Annabelle", www.warrens.net, archived from the original on 2016-05-22, retrieved 2017-11-30
- Alexander, Bryan (1 October 2014). "'Annabelle' joins ranks of freaky dolls in horror films". USA Today. Archived from the original on 2015-02-23. Retrieved 2015-03-11.
- Eidell, Lynsey (2014-10-07). "The Real-Life Story Behind Annabelle Is Even More Bone-Chilling Than the Movie". Glamour. Archived from the original on 2014-10-08. Retrieved 2015-03-11.
- Ryan, Joal (3 October 2014). "How the Real Doll Behind 'Annabelle' Became Even Freakier for the Movies". Yahoo!. Archived from the original on 2015-07-15. Retrieved 2015-03-11.
- Don Wildman. "Annabelle the Devil Doll". Mysteries at the Museum. Travel Channel. Archived from the original on 2014-11-26. Retrieved 2014-12-03.
- "No trespassing signs, fines used to ward off curious souls in search of Warren's Occult Museum | The Monroe Sun". themonroesun.com. 28 October 2019. Archived from the original on 20 August 2021. Retrieved 27 August 2021.
- Hill, Sharon. "The Warrens: Sorting the truth from the Hollywood myth". Doubtful News. Lithospherica, LLC. Archived from the original on 25 July 2014. Retrieved 19 February 2016.
- Brittle, Gerald (September 13, 2002) . "Annabelle". The Demonologist: The Extraordinary Career of Ed and Lorraine Warren. iUniverse. pp. 39–53. ISBN 978-0-595-24618-2.
- Chichizola, Corey (June 27, 2019). "Annabelle Comes Home Has A Sly Reference To The Real Doll". CinemaBlend. Archived from the original on July 28, 2020. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
- "Annabelle (I) (2014): Trivia". IMDb. Archived from the original on June 29, 2022. Retrieved June 30, 2022.
- Fiduccia, Christopher (December 6, 2018). "The Evil Annabelle Doll Makes a Cameo in James Wan's Aquaman Movie". ScreenRant. Archived from the original on January 1, 2019. Retrieved December 31, 2018.
- Squires, John (April 8, 2019). "Did You Spot the Cameo Appearance from the Annabelle Doll in 'Shazam'?". Bloody Disgusting. Archived from the original on April 9, 2019. Retrieved September 24, 2019..