Ankara University Observatory

The Ankara University Observatory (AUG) (Turkish: Ankara Üniversitesi Gözlemevi), is a ground-based astronomical observatory operated by the Astronomy and Space Sciences Department at Ankara University's Faculty of Science. Established in 1959 by Dutch astronomer Egbert Adriaan Kreiken in Ahlatlıbel, Ankara. Currently, it consists of nine optical telescopes and a radio telescope, which is currently taken out of service. Old instruments are displayed in a museum at the observatory.[1]

Ankara University Observatory
Ankara Üniversitesi Gozlemevi
Ankara üniversitesi gözlemevi (4).jpg
OrganizationAstronomy and Space Sciences Department
Faculty of Science
Ankara University
LocationAhlatlıbel, Gölbaşı, Ankara, Turkey
Coordinates39°50′37″N 32°46′38″E / 39.84361°N 32.77722°E / 39.84361; 32.77722Coordinates: 39°50′37″N 32°46′38″E / 39.84361°N 32.77722°E / 39.84361; 32.77722
Altitude1,256 m (4,121 ft)
EstablishedAugust 26, 1963
Websiterasathane.ankara.edu.tr
Telescopes
T40 Kreiken406mm Reflecting telescope
T35356mm Reflecting telescope
T30 MaksutovCassegrain
T15Coudé
T20203mm Reflecting telescope
ETX-125127mm Reflecting telescope
Mars Explorer70mm Refracting telescope
TAD-260mm Refracting telescope
TAD-160mm Refracting telescope
Radio telescopeRegional radio (defunct)
Ankara University Observatory is located in Turkey
Ankara University Observatory
Location of Ankara University Observatory
Ankara Üniversitesi Gozlemevi
  Related media on Commons

HistoryEdit

 
Sundial at the Observatory

Ankara University's Faculty of Science decided in 1954 to establish an observatory to begin with astronomical studies. Ahlatlıbel in Gölbaşı, Ankara was chosen as the ideal site, a location with dark skies far from the city's downtown to avoid the effects of light pollution, having an average 300 clear nights per year and also offering easy transportation from the campus. It is situated 8 km (5.0 mi) south of Ankara at an altitude of 1,256 m (4,121 ft).[2]

Groundbreaking of the main building and the three domes took place in 1959. The observatory was officially inaugurated on August 26, 1963, accompanied by an international astronomy conference. The scientific studies were carried out in the beginning with a radio telescope produced by the Dutch PTT, a 5 cm astrograph, a 15 cm Coudé telescope of Zeiss from Germany for solar observations, a Hilger and Watts microphotometer and a Cuffey Iris photometer.[2]

FacilitiesEdit

TelescopesEdit

T40 Kreiken telescope
 
T40 Kreiken telescope and dome
 
T40 Kreiken telescope building
  • Diameter: 406 mm (16")
  • Focal ratio: f/10
  • Focal length: 4,000 mm
  • Image scale: 51 arcsec/mm
  • Producer: Meade Instruments Corp., California, USA
  • Focal plane instruments: Apogee ALTA U47+ CCD camera, 1024x1024 13 micron pixels E2V CCD47-10 back illuminated ccd chip, PC based data acquisition via USB 2.0 port, OPTEC IFW filter wheel (PC controlled), Johnson UBVRI – Strömgren uvbyHbeta – RGB filters, various eye-pieces.

Named after Egbert Adriaan Kreiken, the founder of the observatory, it is used in general for photoelectric photometry observations on eclipsing binary stars and variable stars.[3]

T35 telescope
 
T35 telescope dome
  • Diameter: 356 mm (14")
  • Focal ratio: f/10
  • Focal length: 3,556 mm
  • Image scale: 58 arcsec/mm
  • Producer: Meade Instruments
  • Focal plane instruments : Apogee ALTA U47+ CCD camera, 1024x1024 13 micron pixels E2V CCD47-10 back illuminated ccd chip, PC based data acquisition via USB 2.0 port, OPTEC IFW filter wheel (PC controlled), Johnson UBVRI – Strömgren uvbyHbeta – RGB filters, various eye-pieces.

Installed in the former Maksutov Dome ın 2011, the 356mm telescope is used for observation on binary stars and photoelectric effects of variable stars.[4]

T30 Maksutov telescope
  • Diameter: 300 mm
  • Focal ratio: f/16
  • Focal length: 4,800 mm
  • Image scale: 43 arcsec/mm
  • Producer : E. Popp Tele-Optik, Zurich, Switzerland
  • Focal plane instruments: Optec SSP-5A single channel photoelectric photometer, (containing a Hamamatsu R1414 phototube), standard 1 mm diaphragm, Johnson UBV filters, motorized filter slider, 80386 PC based data acquisition.

300mm telescope for observation on binary stars and photoelectric effects of variable stars.[5]

T15 Coudé telescope
 
Coudé telescope
 
Coudé telescope dome
  • Diameter: 150 mm
  • Focal ratio: f/15
  • Focal length: 2,250 mm
  • Image scale: 92 arcsec/mm
  • Producer: ZEISS-Oberkochen, Württemberg, Germany
  • Focal plane instruments: Solar projection lens and screen for Sun spot observations, Contarex photo camera, Lyott H-alpha monochromator, various filters and eye-pieces.

150mm telescope of type Coudé is used for scientific observation of sun spots. Popular and educational public sessions are held also at this telescope.[6]

Other telescopes

For popular and educational activities open to public:[7]

Meade LX200 8"
  • Diameter: 203 mm (8")
  • Focal ratio: f/10
  • Focal length: 2,000 mm
  • Producer: Meade Instruments Corp., California
Meade ETX-125 5"
  • Diameter: 127 mm (5")
  • Focal ratio: f/15
  • Focal length: 1,900 mm
  • Image scale: 108 arcsec/mm
  • Producer: Meade Instruments
  • Focal plane instruments : DSI-2 Color CCD camera[8]
TAD Bresser RB-60 (Two pieces)
  • Diameter: 60 mm
  • Focal length: 700 mm
  • Producer: Meade Instruments
Bresser Mars Explorer ST-70
  • Diameter: 70
  • Focal ratio: f/10
  • Focal length: 700
  • Producer: Meade Instruments
Radio telescope
 
Radio telescope

The radio telescope is not in use anymore.

Meteorological stationEdit

There is a meteorological station for observing atmospheric conditions such as temperature, humidity, barometric pressure, wind speed and wind direction as well as precipitation amounts. The gathered data is published also on the internet every five minutes.[9]

TransportationEdit

The observatory is in Ahlatlıbel on İncek Blvd., at a distance of 2 km (1.2 mi) from Or-An Bridge (Konya Road) and can be reached by public transportation:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Rasathane" (in Turkish). Ankara Üniversitesi Gözlemevi. Retrieved 2013-02-20.
  2. ^ a b "Short History". Ankara University Observatory. Retrieved 2013-02-20.
  3. ^ "Kreiken Telescope". Ankara University Observatory. Retrieved 2013-02-20.
  4. ^ "Meade, 14' LX200 Teleskop". Ankara University Observatory. Retrieved 2013-02-20.
  5. ^ "Maksutov-Cassegrain". Ankara University Observatory. Retrieved 2013-02-20.
  6. ^ "15 cm Coudé Refractor". Ankara University Observatory. Retrieved 2013-02-20.
  7. ^ "Observatory extends invite to view Mars". Hürriyet Daily News. 2012-06-30. Retrieved 2013-02-20.
  8. ^ "Meade ETX-125". Ankara University Observatory. Retrieved 2013-02-20.
  9. ^ "Hava Durumu" (in Turkish). Ankara Üniversitesi Gözlemevi. Retrieved 2013-02-20.
  10. ^ "Otobüs Hareket Saatleri Arama" (in Turkish). EGO. Archived from the original on 2012-07-20. Retrieved 2013-02-20.