Anisophyllea is a genus of plant in the family Anisophylleaceae. The generic name is from the Greek meaning "unequal leaf", referring to the dimorphism of the leaves.[2]

Anisophyllea cinnamomoides Govindoo.jpg
Anisophyllea cinnamomoides
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Cucurbitales
Family: Anisophylleaceae
Genus: Anisophyllea
R.Br. ex Sabine[1]

See text


Anisophyllea species grow as shrubs or trees. The bark is smooth to flaky. The flowers are unisexual. The fruits are drupes (pitted) and are ellipsoid or pear-shaped.[2]

Distribution and habitatEdit

Anisophyllea species are distributed widely throughout the old world tropics, including Africa, India, Sri Lanka, mainland Southeast Asia, Sumatra and Borneo. Their habitat is lowland and hill forests from sea-level to 1,000 metres (3,300 ft) altitude.[2]


As of June 2014 The Plant List recognises about 36 accepted species:[3]


  1. ^ "Genus: Anisophyllea R. Br. ex Sabine". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 17 September 1996. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
  2. ^ a b c Wong, K. M.; Madani, L. (1995). "Anisophyllea R. Br. ex Sabine". In Soepadmo, E.; Wong, K. M. (eds.). Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak. (free online from the publisher, lesser resolution scan PDF versions). Vol. 1. Forest Research Institute Malaysia. pp. 16–23, 25. ISBN 983-9592-34-3. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
  3. ^ "Anisophyllea". The Plant List. Retrieved 4 June 2014.