Air Chief Marshal Sir Allan Grant "Angus" Houston,  (born 9 June 1947) is a retired senior officer of the Royal Australian Air Force. He served as Chief of Air Force from 20 June 2001 and then as the Chief of the Defence Force from 4 July 2005. He retired from the military on 3 July 2011.
Sir Angus Houston
|Born||9 June 1947|
|Service/||Royal Australian Air Force|
|Years of service||1970–2011|
|Rank||Air Chief Marshal|
|Commands held||Chief of the Defence Force (2005–11)|
Chief of Air Force (2001–2005)
Integrated Air Defence System (1999–2000)
No. 86 Wing (1994–1995)
5th Aviation Regiment (1989–1990)
No. 9 Squadron (1987–1989)
|Awards||Knight of the Order of Australia (General Division)|
Companion of the Order of Australia (Military Division)
Air Force Cross
|Other work||Chairman of the Council for the Order of Australia|
Chairman of Airservices Australia
Chairman of the ANZAC Centenary Advisory Board
Chancellor of the University of the Sunshine Coast
Since then Houston has been appointed to a number of positions, including chairman of Airservices Australia. In March 2014 he was appointed to head the Joint Agency Coordination Centre during the search for Malaysia Airlines Flight 370, and in the Australia Day Honours of 2015, he was knighted for this service.
Houston was born on 9 June 1947 in Ayrshire, Scotland and educated at Strathallan School in Forgandenny, Perthshire. He emigrated to Australia in 1968 to work as a jackaroo on a sheep and wheat farm near the town of Mukinbudin in the North Eastern Wheatbelt region of Western Australia.
Houston joined the RAAF as a cadet pilot in 1970 and was soon given the nickname "Angus". On 20 March 1971, he was granted an eight-year short-service commission with the rank of pilot officer, and was promoted to flying officer on 20 March 1973. He spent the early part of his career flying UH-1 Iroquois helicopters in various parts of Australia, Papua New Guinea and Indonesia. On 10 March 1975, he received a permanent commission, with a promotion to flight lieutenant on 20 September.
After graduation from Flying Instructors Course in 1975, Houston completed several instructional tours on Macchi MB-326H, British Aircraft Corporation Strikemaster and Iroquois aircraft. A posting to the Republic of Singapore Air Force (RSAF) from 1976–1978 was followed by two years at No. 9 Squadron at RAAF Base Amberley. In late 1979, Houston was posted to Hill Air Force Base, Utah U.S.A. for exchange flying duties with a United States Air Force helicopter unit.
After a further posting to No. 9 Squadron as the Executive Officer, and staff training at RAAF Staff College, Houston was posted to the Department of Air (Development Division) where he was involved in the Black Hawk helicopter Project. In 1987, Houston assumed command of No. 9 Squadron to introduce the Black Hawk helicopter, to relocate the unit from Amberley to Townsville, Queensland, and to transfer the capability to the Australian Army. In 1989 he served one year in command of the 5th Aviation Regiment. Houston was admitted as a Member of the Order of Australia in 1990 for his work in the transfer of responsibility for Blackhawk operations.
Following graduation from Joint Services Staff College, Houston was posted to the Joint Operations staff at Headquarters Australian Defence Force and was involved in strategic planning during the Persian Gulf War of 1990–1991.
On promotion to group captain in July 1992, he assumed the post of Director Air Force Policy and negotiated the establishment of the RSAF Flying School at RAAF Base Pearce. After completing a C-130H Hercules conversion in 1993, Houston commanded No. 86 Wing from 1994 to 1995.
Houston attended the Royal College of Defence Studies in London in 1996. He was Chief of Staff, Headquarters Australian Theatre from 1997 to 1999, Commander Integrated Air Defence System from 1999 to 2000 and Head Strategic Command from 17 August 2000.
Houston was appointed as Chief of Air Force (CAF) on 20 June 2001 and, in the 2003 Australia Day Honours, advanced to Officer of the Order of Australia. As acting Chief of the Defence Force (CDF) in 2001, Houston played a central role in the Children Overboard Affair. At a Senate inquiry in February 2002, Houston challenged the then government's claim made during the 2001 election campaign, that seafaring asylum seekers had thrown children overboard in a presumed ploy to secure rescue and passage to Australia.
On 4 July 2005, he was promoted to air chief marshal and appointed Chief of the Defence Force. In the Australia Day Honours of 26 January 2008, he was advanced to a Companion of the Order of Australia. In March 2008, Houston's appointment was extended to 3 July 2011.
After his retirement from the CDF position, the Australian Government appointed Houston as Chair of the Anzac Centenary Advisory Board on 6 July 2011, with the remit to "provide strategic advice and recommendations on the planning and implementation of Anzac Centenary events". On 6 December 2011, it was announced that the Australian Government had appointed Houston as the next chairman of Airservices Australia on the grounds of his aviation, governance and leadership experience.
In June 2012, Prime Minister Julia Gillard announced that Houston would chair an expert group that would examine asylum seeker policy and prepare a report recommending a solution for the Government's consideration.
On 30 March 2014, Prime Minister Tony Abbott announced that Houston will head the Joint Agency Coordination Centre (JACC), based in Perth, formed to oversee the efforts to find Malaysia Airlines Flight 370. At that time, the plane had been missing for just over three weeks since its disappearance on about Saturday, 8 March 2014.
On 26 January 2015, Houston was appointed a Knight of the Order of Australia (AK) for his service to Australia and commitment to the MH17 and MH 370 disasters. Saying he was "surprised and deeply humbled," he said he would prefer to be called by his name instead of "Sir Angus." "It's a great honour to be recognised in this way. But I'd like people to still call me Angus. That's probably the way I am," he said. The ceremony in which he was officially knighted was held on 17 April 2015 at Government House, Canberra by the Governor-General of Australia, General Sir Peter Cosgrove.
On 1 June 2015, Houston was announced as the new special envoy for South Australia. According to Premier Jay Weatherill, Houston is tasked with supporting trade missions, providing advice on international engagement strategies and providing important introductions in key markets. Weatherill also noted Houston's strong relationships with military leaders across Asia being potentially advantageous to the state.
Houston is an Honorary Patron of the ACT Veterans Rugby Club, the Bomber Command Association in Australia, Sunnyfield Disability Services and the Australian American Association Canberra Division. He is the chair of the Canberra Symphony Orchestra.
Houston and his wife Liz, who is a teacher, have three sons.
Honours and awardsEdit
- Honorary degrees
|Australia||16 December 2013||Griffith University||Doctor of the University (D.Univ) |
|Australia||27 November 2015||University of New South Wales||Doctor of the University (D.Univ)  |
|Australia||15 December 2016||Australian National University||Doctorate |
|Australia||2017||University of South Australia||Doctorate |
- "Designations and Insignia Ordinance, section 5" (PDF). Order of Australia booklet. Governor General of Australia. 21 May 2009. p. 40. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 February 2015. Retrieved 4 February 2015.
- "Knight of the Order of Australia" (PDF). Australia Day Honours 2015. gg.gov.au. 26 January 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 January 2015. Retrieved 26 January 2015.
For extraordinary and pre-eminent achievement and merit in service to Australia, through distinguished service in the Australian Defence Force, continued commitment to serve the nation in leadership roles, particularly the national responses to the MH370 and MH17 disasters, and in a variety of roles in the community.
- "Air Chief Marshals". Air Marshals of the RAAF. Royal Australian Air Force Air Power Development Centre. Retrieved 27 July 2010.
- Fidler, Richard (18 August 2017). "The aerial view: how Angus Houston took to the skies". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- "Royal Australian Air Force". Commonwealth of Australia Gazette (43). 22 April 1971. p. 2499. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
- "Royal Australian Air Force". Commonwealth of Australia Gazette (43). 12 April 1973. p. 47. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
- Dapin, Mark (11 June 2011). "An Officer and a Gentleman". Good Weekend. The Sydney Morning Herald. p. 12. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
- "Royal Australian Air Force". Australian Government Gazette (National) (G13). 8 April 1975. p. 112. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
- "Royal Australian Air Force". Australian Government Gazette (National) (G34). 2 September 1975. p. 13. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
- DeSilva-Ranasinghe, Sergei. "I See the Indian Ocean to be as Important as the Pacific". Future Directions International. Archived from the original on 28 March 2015. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
- It's an Honour – Air Force Cross – 14 June 1980
Citation: 9 Sqn RAAF – Helicopter rescue off Evans Head – For devotion to duty as a pilot of No9 Sqn RAAF
- "Air Force Regulations". Commonwealth of Australia Gazette (National) (G34). 25 August 1981. p. 37. Retrieved 11 January 2019.
- It's an Honour – Member of the Order of Australia – 26 January 1990
Citation: For service to the RAAF as CO No9 Sqn and subsequently Officer Commanding 5th Aviation Regiment
- "Officer of the Order of Australia". It's an Honour. Australian Government. 26 January 2003.
Citation: For distinguished service to the Australian Defence Force and the Royal Australian Air Force in senior command appointments.
- Forbes, Mark; Gordon, Michael; Taylor, Kerry (20 February 2002). "Defence chief told Reith: no children overboard". The Age. p. 1. Archived from the original on 5 September 2007. Retrieved 13 February 2010.
- "New defence chief dismisses 'children overboard' shadow". ABC News Online. 18 April 2005. Archived from the original on 18 September 2006. Retrieved 13 February 2010.
- "Companion of the Order of Australia". Commonwealth of Australia Gazette. Australian Government. 28 January 2008. Archived from the original on 11 August 2008.
Citation: For eminent service to the Australian Defence Force as Chief of the Defence Force.
- "New Defence leadership team announced". defence.gov.au. 19 March 2008. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
- "100 years of ANZAC – Anzac Centenary Program 2014–2018 – Advisory Board". Anzaccentenary.gov.au. Archived from the original on 25 February 2014. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
- "Houston to chair Airservices Australia". ABC News. Abc.net.au. 6 December 2011. Retrieved 6 April 2014.
- ABC Radio Australia, 'Houston to lead asylum policy panel after Senate rejects bill 29 June 2012
- "Houston replaces Cosgrove in defence advisory role". ABC News. Retrieved 1 June 2015.
- "Objects seen in jet search are fishing equipment". News.msn.com. 31 March 2014. Retrieved 6 April 2014.[permanent dead link]
- Milman, Oliver (30 March 2014). "Flight MH370: former Australian defence chief to co-ordinate search". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
- AAP (26 January 2015). "Just call me Angus, says newest knight". The Courier & Mail. Retrieved 26 January 2015.
- Angus Houston: Former Defence Force chief officially knighted, ABC News Online, 17 April 2015
- "Sir Angus Houston appointed special envoy for SA investment". ABC News. Retrieved 1 June 2015.
- "Chancellor Air Chief Marshal Sir Angus Houston AK, AFC (Ret'd)". University of the Sunshine Coast. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
- "Sir Angus Houston joins Virgin Aust board". SBS News. 12 December 2019. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
- "About us – Governance". Canberra Symphony Orchestra. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
- "Air Chief Marshal Angus Houston, AC, AFC Chief of the Defence Force". Department of Defence. 9 March 2008. Archived from the original on 4 March 2014. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
- Mark Dodd (2010) Angus Houston takes leave for prostate surgery, 26 July 2010, The Australian.
- CDF to take leave for medical treatment[permanent dead link], Defence Media Release MSPA 319/10, 26 July 2010.
- It's an Honour – Centenary Medal – 1 January 2001
Citation: For outstanding service as Chief of Air Force
- "Australian Chief of Air Force Receives Prestigious Military Medal". MINDEF Singapore. 1 August 2003. Archived from the original on 29 October 2007. Retrieved 10 July 2007.
- "President Nathan Confers Top Military Award on Chief of the Australian Defence Force". MINDEF Singapore. 24 August 2007. Archived from the original on 5 August 2012. Retrieved 24 September 2007.
- "Order of Timor-Leste, Decree Law 20/2009 of 6 May" (PDF). unmit.org. 6 May 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 March 2012. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
- "Chief of Defence Force receives Order of Timor Leste" (Press release). Ministerial and Executive Coordination and Communication-www.defence.gov.au. 11 February 2011. Archived from the original on 8 April 2014. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
- "Legion of Merit". Photos/Videos. U.S. Department of Defense. 11 May 2001. Archived from the original on 30 March 2014. Retrieved 30 March 2014.
- Defence head awarded Dutch honour, 18 May 2011 Archived 20 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Angus Houston.|
General Peter Cosgrove
| Chief of the Defence Force
General David Hurley
Air Marshal Errol McCormack
| Chief of Air Force
Air Marshal Geoff Shepherd
| Chancellor of the University of the Sunshine Coast