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Angophora is a genus of flowering plants in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae, described as a genus in 1797.[1][2] It is endemic to Australia, where species are distributed in Queensland, New South Wales, and Victoria.[3] The centre of diversity is along the northern and central coast of New South Wales.[4]

Angophora costata - 1923 @ Maranoa.jpg
Angophora costata
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Myrtaceae
Subfamily: Myrtoideae
Tribe: Eucalypteae
Genus: Angophora

See text


Angophora is closely related to Corymbia and Eucalyptus, and all three genera are often referred to as "eucalypts". Collectively the eucalypts, or gum trees, dominate many Australian ecosystems.[5] Angophora can be distinguished from other eucalypts by its oppositely arranged leaves and flowers which lack opercula, cap-like structures which fall off as the flowers open.[6] Taxonomists have long recognised the relationships between the eucalypt taxa, but have not agreed upon a classification scheme. Some have proposed merging Angophora and Corymbia into genus Eucalyptus as subgenera,[7] a plan which was immediately rejected by others.[8] Some authors maintain Angophora as a genus,[9] while others continue to debate the issue.[10][11]

Among the eucalypts, Angophora species were nicknamed "apples" by European settlers, who thought they resembled apple trees.[6] Many are still known commonly as apples today.[4]


Angophora are trees and shrubs. Most have rough bark. The opposite leaves are hairy and glandular when new, and mostly hairless when mature. The inflorescence is an arrangement of several clusters of 3 to 7 flowers each. The flower has 4 or 5 small, green sepals, overlapping white petals, and whorls of many stamens. The fruit is a papery or slightly woody capsule, usually with thick ribs and a coat of hairs.[4][12]


The following are accepted species:[3][4]


  1. ^ Cavanilles, Antonio José. 1797. Icones et Descriptiones Plantarum 4: 21
  2. ^ Tropicos, Angophora Cav.
  3. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  4. ^ a b c d Genus Angophora. PlantNET. National Herbarium of New South Wales, Royal Botanic Garden, Sydney.
  5. ^ Eucalyptus, Corymbia and Angophora. Australian Native Plants Society.
  6. ^ a b Eucalyptus, Corymbia and Angophora – Background. Australian Native Plants Society.
  7. ^ Brooker, M. I. H. (2000). A new classification of the genus Eucalyptus L'Her.(Myrtaceae). Australian Systematic Botany 13(1), 79-148.
  8. ^ Ladiges, P. Y. and F. Udovicic. (2000). Comment on a new classification of the eucalypts. Australian Systematic Botany 13(1), 149-52.
  9. ^ Steane, D. A., et al. (2001). Development and characterisation of microsatellite loci in Eucalyptus globulus (Myrtaceae). Silvae Genetica 50(2), 89-91.
  10. ^ Brummitt, R. K. (2003). Further dogged defense of paraphyletic taxa. Taxon 52(4), 803-04.
  11. ^ Nelson, G., et al. (2003). Brummitt on paraphyly: a response. Taxon 52(2), 295-98.
  12. ^ More about Angophora. EUCLID: Eucalypts of Australia, Third Edition. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research. 2006.
  13. ^ "Myrtaceae: Angophora, Corymbia" (PDF), Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, retrieved 17 June 2019

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