The escudo was the currency of Angola between 1914 and 1928 and again between 1958 and 1977. It was subdivided into 100 centavos with the macuta worth 5 centavos and was equivalent to the Portuguese escudo.
|Banknotes||20, 50, 100, 500, 1000 escudos|
|Coins||10, 20, 50 centavos, 1, 2½, 5, 10, 20 escudos|
|Central bank||Banco Nacional Ultramarino (1914-1926)|
Banco de Angola (1926-1977)
This infobox shows the latest status before this currency was rendered obsolete.
The introduction of the escudo in Portugal's colonies took place in 1914, three years after it occurred in Portugal. The escudo replaced the real at a rate of 1000 réis = 1 escudo. In 1928, the angolar was introduced. Banknotes were exchanged at a rate of 1.25 escudos = 1 angolar, whilst centavo coins used with the escudo continued to be used with the angolar with no change in value. The angolar was pegged at parity with the Portuguese escudo, as the Angolan escudo had been before 1928. Thus, the currency reform constituted a devaluation of the escudo banknotes.
In 1953, Portugal began unifying the currencies of its colonies. This process was completed in Angola at the end of 1958, with the reintroduction of the escudo. The escudo was replaced in 1977 by the kwanza at par.
In 1921, bronze 1, 2 and 5 centavo and cupro-nickel 10 and 20 centavo coins were introduced, followed the next year by nickel 50 centavos. In 1927, cupro-nickel 1, 2 and 4 macuta and 50 centavo coins were introduced. These coins continued to circulate when the angolar was introduced, with bronze 10 and 20 centavo coins introduced in 1948.
In 1952, the first escudo coins were introduced, although the escudo did not officially replace the angolar until the end of 1958. Silver 10 and 20 escudos were introduced in 1952, followed by bronze 50 centavos and 1 escudo, and cupro-nickel 2½ escudos in 1953. Cupro-nickel replaced silver in the 10 escudos in 1969, with nickel replacing silver in the 20 escudos in 1971. Cupro-nickel 5 escudos were introduced in 1972.
In 1914, the Banco Nacional Ultramarino introduced notes in denominations of 10, 50 and 50 centavos. 5 centavo notes followed in 1918, with 50 escudos introduced in 1920. In 1921, 1, 2½, 5, 10, 20 and 100 escudo notes were added. State notes for 50 centavos were also introduced in 1921.
In 1958, notes (dated 1956) were introduced by the Banco de Angola in denominations of 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 escudos. These five denominations were issued until the introduction of the kwanza.
- Krause, Chester L.; Clifford Mishler (1991). Standard Catalog of World Coins: 1801–1991 (18th ed.). Krause Publications. ISBN 0873411501.
- Pick, Albert (1994). Standard Catalog of World Paper Money: General Issues. Colin R. Bruce II and Neil Shafer (editors) (7th ed.). Krause Publications. ISBN 0-87341-207-9.
Ratio: 1 Angolan escudo = 1000 réis = 1 Portuguese escudo
|Currency of Angola
January 1, 1914 – 1928
Reason: Counter measure of Alves Reis's scheme
Ratio: 1 angolar = 1.25 escudos
Reason: unifying the currencies of the Portuguese colonies
Ratio: at par, 1 Angolan escudo = Portuguese escudo
|Currency of Angola
1958 – 1977
Reason: independence (in 1975)
Ratio: at par