Andrology (from Ancient Greek: ἀνήρ, anēr, genitive ἀνδρός, andros, "man"; and -λογία, -logia) is the medical specialty that deals with male health, particularly relating to the problems of the male reproductive system and urological problems that are unique to men. It is the counterpart to gynaecology, which deals with medical issues which are specific to female health, especially reproductive and urologic health.
|Names||Doctor, medical specialist|
From an endocrinologic perspective, although neither sex nor gender is truly binary because intersex and intergender spectrums always exist, it is possible to focus on andrologic aspects of the endocrine system, such as the spectrum of androgen deficiency, in health care for men and boys.
Andrology also covers anomalies in the connective tissues pertaining to the genitalia, as well as changes in the volume of cells, such as in genital hypertrophy or macrogenitosomia.
From reproductive and urologic viewpoints, male-specific medical and surgical procedures include vasectomy, vasovasostomy (one of the vasectomy reversal procedures), orchidopexy and circumcision as well as intervention to deal with male genitourinary disorders such as the following:
- Carcinoma of the penis
- Erectile dysfunction
- Frenulum breve
- Penile fracture
- Peyronie's disease
- Post-vasectomy pain syndrome
- Prostate cancer
- Retrograde ejaculation
- Seminal vesiculitis
- Testicular cancer
- Testicular torsion
Unlike gynaecology, which has a plethora of medical board certification programs worldwide, andrology has none. Andrology has only been studied as a distinct specialty since the late 1960s: the first specialist journal on the subject was the German periodical Andrologie (now called Andrologia), published from 1969 onwards.
- Thelander, Hulda E., and Mollie Cholffin. "Neonatal cortical insufficiency (Addison's disease) associated with the adrenogenital syndrome." The Journal of Pediatrics 18.6 (1941): 779-792.
- Social Studies of Science (1990) 20, p. 32