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Android Studio is the official[7] integrated development environment (IDE) for Google's Android operating system, built on JetBrains' IntelliJ IDEA software and designed specifically for Android development.[8] It is available for download on Windows, macOS and Linux based operating systems.[9][10] It is a replacement for the Eclipse Android Development Tools (ADT) as the primary IDE for native Android application development.

Android Studio
Android Studio icon.svg
Android Studio wordmark.svg
Android Studio 3.1 running on macOS
Android Studio 3.1 running on macOS
Developer(s)Google, JetBrains
Stable release3.4.2 (July 9, 2019; 7 days ago (2019-07-09)[1]) [±]
Preview release3.5 Beta 5 (June 26, 2019; 20 days ago (2019-06-26)[2]) [±]
Repository Edit this at Wikidata
Written inJava, Kotlin and C++
Operating systemWindows, macOS, Linux, Chrome OS[3]
Size971 to 1036 MB[3]
TypeIntegrated development environment (IDE)
LicenseFreeware[4] +Source code[5][6]
Websitedeveloper.android.com/studio/index.html

Android Studio was announced on May 16, 2013 at the Google I/O conference. It was in early access preview stage starting from version 0.1 in May 2013, then entered beta stage starting from version 0.8 which was released in June 2014.[11] The first stable build was released in December 2014, starting from version 1.0.[12]

Since 7 May 2019, Kotlin is Google’s preferred language for Android app development.[13] Still, other languages are supported, including by Android Studio.

Contents

FeaturesEdit

The following features are provided in the current stable version:[14][15]

  • Gradle-based build support
  • Android-specific refactoring and quick fixes
  • Lint tools to catch performance, usability, version compatibility and other problems
  • ProGuard integration and app-signing capabilities
  • Template-based wizards to create common Android designs and components
  • A rich layout editor that allows users to drag-and-drop UI components, option to preview layouts on multiple screen configurations[16]
  • Support for building Android Wear apps
  • Built-in support for Google Cloud Platform, enabling integration with Firebase Cloud Messaging (Earlier 'Google Cloud Messaging') and Google App Engine[17]
  • Android Virtual Device (Emulator) to run and debug apps in the Android studio.

Android Studio supports all the same programming languages of IntelliJ (and CLion) e.g. Java, C++, and more with extensions, such as Go;[18] and Android Studio 3.0 or later supports Kotlin[19] and "all Java 7 language features and a subset of Java 8 language features that vary by platform version."[20] External projects backport some Java 9 features.[21] While IntelliJ that Android Studio is built on supports all released Java versions, and Java 12, it's not clear to what level Android Studio supports Java versions up to Java 12 (the documentation mentions partial Java 8 support). At least some new language features up to Java 12 are usable in Android.[22]

System requirementsEdit

Version 1.xEdit

Criterion Description
OS version Windows XP or later
Mac OS X 10.8.5 or later
GNOME, KDE or Unity desktop on Ubuntu or Fedora or GNU/Linux Debian
RAM 3 GB RAM minimum, 4 GB RAM recommended
Disk space 500 MB disk space
Space for Android SDK At least 1 GB for Android SDK, emulator system images, and caches
JDK version Java Development Kit (JDK) 7 or higher
Screen resolution 1280×800 minimum screen resolution

Version 2.xEdit

Criterion Description
OS version Windows 8 or later
Mac OS X 10.9.5 or later
GNOME or KDE desktop Linux
RAM 8 GB RAM recommended; plus 1 GB for the Android Emulator
Disk space 500 MB disk space for Android Studio, at least 1.5 GB for Android SDK, emulator system images, and caches
Java version Java Development Kit (JDK) 8, use of bundled OpenJDK (version 2.2 and later) is recommended.[23]
Screen resolution 1280×800 minimum screen resolution.

Version 3.xEdit

Criterion Description
OS version Microsoft Windows 7/8/10 (32-bit or 64-bit), 64-bit required for native debugging
Mac OS X 10.10 (Yosemite) or higher, up to 10.13 /10.14 (macOS High Sierra/macOS Mojave)
GNOME or KDE desktop Linux (64-bit capable of running 32-bit applications) (GNU C Library (glibc) 2.19+)
Chrome OS (8 GB RAM minimum plus other hardware restrictions)
RAM 3 GB RAM minimum, 8 GB RAM recommended; plus 1 GB for the Android Emulator
Disk space 6 GB of available disk space minimum, 16 GB recommended (1700 MB for IDE + 4.4 GB for Android SDK and emulator system image)
Java version Java Development Kit (JDK) 8, use of bundled OpenJDK is recommended.[23]
Screen resolution 1280×800 minimum screen resolution

Version historyEdit

The following is a list of Android Studio's release versions.[24]

Without official Kotlin supportEdit

Android Studio version history
Version Release date
0.1.x May 2013
0.2.x July 2013
0.3.2 Oct 2013
0.4.2 Jan 2014
0.4.6 March 2014
0.5.2 May 2014
0.8.0 June 2014
0.8.6 August 2014
0.8.14 October 2014
1.0 December 2014
1.0.1 December 2014
1.1.0 February 2015
1.2.0 April 2015
1.2.1 May 2015
1.2.2 June 2015
1.3.0 July 2015
1.3.1 August 2015
1.3.2 August 2015
1.4.0 September 2015
1.4.1 October 2015
1.5.0 November 2015
1.5.1 December 2015
2.0.0 April 2016
2.1.0 April 2016
2.1.1 May 2016
2.1.2 June 2016
2.1.3 August 2016
2.2.0 September 2016
2.2.1 October 2016
2.2.2 October 2016
2.2.3 December 2016
2.3.0 March 2017
2.3.1 April 2017
2.3.2 April 2017
2.3.3 June 2017

With official Kotlin supportEdit

Android Studio version history
Version Release date
3.0 October 2017
3.0.1 November 2017
3.1 March 2018
3.1.1 April 2018
3.1.2 April 2018
3.1.3 June 2018
3.1.4 August 2018
3.2 September 2018
3.2.1 October 2018
3.3 January 2019
3.3.1 February 2019
3.3.2 March 2019
3.4 April 2019
3.4.1 May 2019
3.4.2 July 2019

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Android Studio release notes". Android Developers. Retrieved July 12, 2019.
  2. ^ "Android Studio 3.5 Beta 5 available". Android Studio Release Updates. June 26, 2019. Retrieved June 26, 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Download Options". developer.android.com. Google. Retrieved February 16, 2017.
  4. ^ "Terms and Conditions". developer.android.com. Google. Retrieved April 24, 2017.
  5. ^ "Build Overview". android.com.
  6. ^ "Building Android Studio". android.com.
  7. ^ "Android Studio website".
  8. ^ Ducrohet, Xavier; Norbye, Tor; Chou, Katherine (May 15, 2013). "Android Studio: An IDE built for Android". Android Developers Blog. Google. Retrieved May 16, 2013.
  9. ^ "Getting Started with Android Studio". Android Developers. Google. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  10. ^ Haslam, Oliver (May 16, 2013). "Download Android Studio IDE For Windows, OS X And Linux". Redmond Pie. Retrieved May 16, 2013.
  11. ^ "Download Android Studio". Android Developers. Retrieved June 13, 2015.
  12. ^ "Google Launches Android Studio And New Features For Developer Console, Including Beta Releases And Staged Rollout". VentureBeat. December 8, 2014. Retrieved December 9, 2014.
  13. ^ "Kotlin is now Google's preferred language for Android app development". TechCrunch. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
  14. ^ Honig, Zach (May 15, 2013). "Google intros Android Studio, an IDE for building apps". Engadget. AOL. Retrieved May 16, 2013.
  15. ^ Dobie, Alex (May 15, 2013). "Android Studio unveiled at Google I/O keynote". Android Central. Mobile Nations. Retrieved May 16, 2013.
  16. ^ Olanoff, Drew (May 15, 2013). "Google Launches Android Studio And New Features For Developer Console, Including Beta Releases And Staged Rollout". TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved May 16, 2013.
  17. ^ "Android Studio BETA". Google. Google. May 15, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2014.
  18. ^ Google Go language IDE built using the IntelliJ Platform: go-lang-plugin-org/go-lang-idea-plugin, Go Language support for IDEA based IDEs, February 23, 2019, retrieved February 23, 2019, Supported IDEs [..] Android Studio 1.2.1+
  19. ^ "Get Started with Kotlin on Android | Android Developers". developer.android.com. Retrieved October 25, 2017.
  20. ^ "Use Java 8 language features | Android Developers". developer.android.com. Retrieved October 25, 2017.
  21. ^ "android-retroflow: Backport of Java 9 (JEP 266) reactive-streams Flow and SubmissionPublisher API for Android Studio 3.0 desugar toolchain, forked from [..]". retrostreams. October 22, 2017. Retrieved October 25, 2017.
  22. ^ "Android's Java 9, 10, 11, and 12 Support". Jake Wharton. November 27, 2018. Retrieved February 23, 2019. Hopefully by the time Java 12 is actually released D8 will have implemented desugaring for Java 11’s nestmates. Otherwise the pain of being stuck on Java 10 will go up quite a bit!
  23. ^ a b "Configure Android Studio | Android Developers". Android Developers. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
  24. ^ "Android Studio Release Notes". Android Developers Official Website. August 17, 2019. Retrieved September 5, 2018.

External linksEdit