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Andris Šķēle (born 16 January 1958 in Ape)[1] is a former Latvian politician and business oligarch. He served two terms as Prime Minister of Latvia from 21 December 1995 to 7 August 1997, and from 16 July 1999 to 5 May 2000.[2]

Andris Šķēle
Andris Šķēle, 10. Saeimas portrets.jpg
4th Prime Minister of Latvia
In office
21 December 1995 – 6 August 1997
President Guntis Ulmanis
Preceded by Māris Gailis
Succeeded by Guntars Krasts
Prime Minister of Latvia
In office
16 July 1999 – 5 May 2000
President Guntis Ulmanis
Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga
Preceded by Vilis Krištopans
Succeeded by Andris Bērziņš
Personal details
Born (1958-01-16) 16 January 1958 (age 60)
Ape, Latvia
Political party People's Party (1998–2011)
Alma mater Latvia University of Life Sciences and Technologies

Contents

Early lifeEdit

Šķēle graduated from the Latvian Agriculture Academy. He began to work in the government in 1990 when he became the first secretary for the Ministry of Agriculture. In 1993 Šķēle briefly became the acting Minister of Agriculture. In 1994, he was assigned by then Prime Minister to create Latvia’s Privatization Agency, while becoming the acting general director of it.

During this time, he was not in active politics and was able to pursue the leadership roles of several key Latvian businesses. He was Supervisory board Chairman of the Latvian Shipping Company, as well as supervisory board member in Unibanka. He was also Chairman of the Supervisory Board of the Avelat Group, that was one of the largest manufacturing and retailing groups in the country. In the following years, Šķēle took part in a management buyout of the Avelat group and became the single owner of it. However he was forced to sell it later to avoid a conflict of interest while in active politics.

Prime MinisterEdit

In 1995, after the parliamentary elections of 6th Saeima, political parties were incapable of creating a coalition government for a while, thus Šķēle was presented as an independent candidate for the position of Prime Minister. The cabinet was approved on 21st of September 1995 and worked until 7th of August 1997. During Šķēle’s leadership, the government focused on a wide scale privatization program, liberalization of land ownership laws and maintaining a balanced budget. Šķēle was considered among the most popular politicians at the time.

People's PartyEdit

In 1998, before the parliamentary elections of 7th Saeima, Andris Šķēle founded Tautas partija, translated to, the People’s Party. It positioned itself as a conservative party and was able to win the elections, receiving 24 out of 100 seats in the parliament. However other political parties created a grand coalition and left the People’s Party in the opposition. It was a year later when the government of Vilis Kristopans fell and Šķēle was able to form a new government. Šķēle once again became Prime Minsiter from July 16th, 1999 to 5th of May 2000. During this time, the government began talks of Latvia joining the EU and NATO which was achieved in a mere 4 years time.

In 2002, after the 8th Parliament elections, Šķēle retired from politics and formally left all political party roles. However, it was very clear that Šķēle had a significant influence on the political and economical situation of the country as the role of the People’s Party grew over the years. Latvia’s later Prime Ministers Aigars Kalvitis (2004-2007) and Laimdota Straujuma (2014-2016) were members of the People’s Party founded by Šķēle. Current Latvian Prime Minister, Maris Kucinskis (2016-present), was also a member of the People’s Party.

Business VenturesEdit

Šķēle’s family company has constantly been diversifying their portfolio of investments in Latvia. They have invested in renewable wind energy, as well as wood processing and agriculture. They have also managed and owned Liepajas Autobusa Park (LAP) that is the leading regional passenger transportation group in Latvia.

In 2013, Šķēle formed a joint venture with former political rival Ainars Šlesers. Together they own Multi Capital Holding group that currently manages and owns the Riga Commercial Port group (RTO). RTO is the leading port company in Latvia, having the largest coal and fertilizer terminals in the Baltics. The fertilizer terminal is a joint venture together with Uralchem, one of the world’s largest fertilizer companies, while the coal terminal is a joint venture together with one of Russia’s leading coal exporters, SDS-Mir Trade.

Šķēle is currently working on the development of Riga Port City, that was developed by Dutch architect Rem Koolhaas.

Personal LifeEdit

Andris Šķēle has been married twice. His wife Kristiāna Lībane-Šķēle is a well-known social worker, former parliament member and lawyer. At the same time, she is honorary consul for Luxembourg in Latvia.

Skele has three children and his family for years has been named amont the wealthiest families in Latvia.


Political offices
Preceded by
Māris Gailis
Prime Minister of Latvia
21 December 1995 – 6 August 1997
Succeeded by
Guntars Krasts
Preceded by
Vilis Krištopans
Prime Minister of Latvia
16 July 1999 – 5 May 2000
Succeeded by
Andris Bērziņš

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Par TP priekšsēdētāju ievēl Andri Šķēli" (in Latvian). nra.lv. 21 November 2009. Retrieved 2 May 2010.
  2. ^ "The Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Latvia: History of the Cabinet of Ministers". The Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Latvia. Archived from the original on 20 November 2010. Retrieved 2 May 2010.