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Andrija Hebrang (Croatian pronunciation: [ˈandrija ˈxebraŋk]; born 27 January 1946) is a Croatian physician and politician. A member of the Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ), he is a former member of the Croatian Parliament.[2] A physician by vocation, Hebrang had served three terms as Croatia's Minister of Health (1990–1992, 1993–1998 and 2003–2005) and spent three months as Minister of Defence (May–October 1998) under six different Prime Ministers. In addition, he was his party's candidate in the 2009–2010 Croatian presidential election, eventually finishing third behind Ivo Josipović and Milan Bandić, winning 12 percent of the vote in the first round.

Andrija Hebrang
Andrija Hebrang (son).jpg
Minister of Health and
Social Welfare
In office
23 December 2003 – 25 February 2005
Prime MinisterIvo Sanader
Preceded byAndro Vlahušić
Succeeded byNeven Ljubičić
6th Minister of Defence of Croatia
In office
14 May 1998 – 12 October 1998
Prime MinisterZlatko Mateša
Preceded byGojko Šušak
Succeeded byPavao Miljavac
Minister of Health
In office
12 October 1993 – 14 May 1998
Prime MinisterNikica Valentić (1993–1995)
Zlatko Mateša (1995–1998)
Preceded byJuraj Njavro
Succeeded byŽeljko Reiner
In office
30 May 1990 – 12 August 1992
Prime MinisterStjepan Mesić (1990)
Josip Manolić (1990–1991)
Franjo Gregurić (1991–1992)
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byJuraj Njavro
Personal details
Born (1946-01-27) 27 January 1946 (age 73)
Belgrade, FPR Yugoslavia
NationalityCroat
Political partyCroatian Democratic Union, Croatian True Revival (2000–2001)
Height6 ft 5 in (196 cm)[1]
Spouse(s)Danijela Vrhovski
Children3
ResidenceZagreb
Alma materUniversity of Zagreb
(School of Medicine)
Occupationphysician

Contents

Early lifeEdit

Andrija Hebrang was born in Belgrade, Yugoslavia (now Serbia), to Andrija Hebrang, a prominent Croatian-Yugoslav politician and Olga Strauss, who came from a well-to-do Pakrac Jewish family. Her parents saw to her education, and she learned to play piano, and to speak French and German.[3] Hebrang father joined the Communist party and fought for the Partisans in World War II, becoming a close friend and adviser to Marshall Josip Broz Tito, eventually becoming a high ranking government member. However, in the late 1940s he fell out of favor with senior Party members, was arrested for treason by the Yugoslav government, and subsequently disappeared. The date of his death and the circumstances are unknown, though it is presumed he died ca. 1949 in a Belgrade prison; the circumstances remain unclear and his body was never recovered. Ustaše killed 16 members of Hebrang family during the Holocaust and another 10 members of his family have been killed by the communist regime of newly founded SFR Yugoslavia.[4]

Young Andrija, along with his mother and siblings were put under house arrest in 1948. His mother Olga was imprisoned for twelve years and the children were sent to live with their aunt Ilona in Zagreb. They lived very poorly, as Ilona's husband was sent to the prison camp at Goli Otok for several years and she was made to raise the three young children alone. Andrija saw his mother again when he was eleven and she was released from prison in 1960. The family was forced to change their surname to "Markovac" in order for Olga to find employment.[3]

After finishing gymnasium, Hebrang enrolled at the School of Medicine, University of Zagreb where he received his doctorate specializing in radiology and oncology, and began teaching at the university as a professor in 1985. He is married to Danijela Vrhovski-Hebrang, a doctor of medical biochemistry at the University of Zagreb, and they have three children.

Political careerEdit

In 1990, he became a member of the newly formed Croatian Democratic Union. He became the Minister of Health from 1990 to 1992 and again from 1993 to 1998. During the Croatian War of Independence he served as a coordinator of the armed forces from 1993-1994. He was first elected to the Croatian parliament in 1993 and again in 1995.

After the death of the Minister of Defense Gojko Šušak in 1998, he temporarily took over the position for four months. Afterwards, he pulled himself out of political life. He returned in 2001 as a member of the Croatian True Revival party led by Miroslav Tuđman, but after talks with the new head of the HDZ Ivo Sanader, he returned to the Croatian Democratic Union. After the HDZ's victory in the Croatian parliamentary elections of 2003, he joined Sanader's government as one of the two vice-presidents and the Minister of Health and Social Welfare from 2003-2005. Due to health reasons, he gave up his positions in government and returned to being a member of the parliament.

Presidential runEdit

In July 2009, he was chosen by the HDZ to be their candidate for the 2009–2010 presidential election. He competed in the first round with eleven other candidates and won the third place with 12.04% of the vote.[5]

Personal lifeEdit

Hebrang is a Roman Catholic.[6] He is married to Danijela Vrhovski and they have three children together.

AwardsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kandidati bez Napoleonova kompleksa - Jutarnji List
  2. ^ Hrvatski Sabor
  3. ^ a b Berislav Jelinić (27 January 2004). "Hebrang's difficult character and intolerance will cost Sanader his government". Nacional (in Croatian). No. 428. Archived from the original on 25 July 2012. Retrieved 29 October 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  4. ^ "Hebrang: Mogao sam tražiti vilu koliko je mojih ubijeno". Večernji list (in Croatian). 23 January 2011. Retrieved 24 January 2011.
  5. ^ "Potpuni službeni rezultati izbora za predsjednika Republike Hrvatske" [Complete Official Results of Elections of the President of the Republic of Croatia] (in Croatian). State Election Committee. 28 December 2009. Archived from the original on 24 November 2012. Retrieved 8 November 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  6. ^ http://izbori.tportal.hr/kandidati/43144/Katolici-vjerujete-li-im-da-su-vjernici.html

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Office created
Minister of Health
1990–1992
Succeeded by
Juraj Njavro
Preceded by
Juraj Njavro
Minister of Health
1993–1998
Succeeded by
Željko Reiner
Preceded by
Gojko Šušak
Minister of Defence
1998
Succeeded by
Pavao Miljavac
Preceded by
Andro Vlahušić
00Minister of Health and Social Welfare00
2003–2005
Succeeded by
Neven Ljubičić