Andrey Damyanov

Andrey Damyanov (Bulgarian: Андрей Дамянов; Macedonian: Андреја Дамјанов; Serbian: Андреја Дамјанов) (1813–1878), or Andreja Damjanović[1] was an architect from the modern-day North Macedonia. His works include more than 40 buildings, most of them churches, built between 1835 and 1878, and spread along the Vardar and Morava Valley, with an extension of his works found in Bosnia and Herzegovina as well.[2]

Andrey Damyanov
AndrejaDamjanov.jpg
Portrait of Andrey Damyanov
Born1813
Died1878
NationalityOttoman
OccupationArchitect
BuildingsOsogovo Monastery, Church St. Nicholas

OriginEdit

Damyanov is often included in histories of the Bulgarian and Serbian architectural literature, but his biography does not reveal existence of specific national motivation behind his works.[3] Today he is also described as a “Macedonian master” in North Macedonia, but Macedonian identity was inchoate at that time.[4]

 
The insignia of Andrey Damyanov, as seen on the walls of the St. Panteleimon church in Veles, North Macedonia

Andrey Damyanov comes from a notable Mijak[5][6] family of architects, Icon-painters and sculptors originating in Debar, western Macedonia, the Renzovski-Zografski-Dospevski.[2] His grandfather is Siljan Renzovski that was mentioned in the construction of Veles-quarters of Emin Aga.[5] For him is known data, that his group worked in Thrace, Edirne and Istanbul. Sons of Siljan, Jankula and Stephen, were also builders and worked in Thessaloniki, Drama, Kavala, Serres and Izmir.[5] His father, Damjan, was a church builder in Greece. Andrey had three brothers, Gjorgi the painter, Nikola the wood carver, and Kosta, who helped them all.[7]

Andrey had a son, Dame, who worked at the seminary and a church in Prizren, and church in Kosovska Mitrovica.[5] Andrey was the grandfather of the Bulgarian architect and war-time officer Simeon Zografov.[8]

Work and legacyEdit

 
Osogovo Monastery near Kriva Palanka, North Macedonia, a work of Andrey Damyanov

Damyanov and his team (tayfa) travelled and worked throughout the Ottoman Balkans and his works can be found not only in modern-day North Macedonia, but in Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina as well.[2] His oeuvre includes more than 40 buildings, most of them churches, notably the church of St. Panteleimon in Veles (1840), the monastery church of St. Joachim of Osogovo, near Kriva Palanka (1845), The Holy Mother of God in the village of Novo Selo near Štip (1850) and St. Nicholas in Kumanovo (1851) as well as his churches in Niš, Nova Crkva, Mostar, and Sarajevo (Cathedral of the Nativity of the Theotokos). Adapting to the social demand of its Serbian sponsors, Damyanov combined simultaneously traditional elements of the 15th century Morava architectural school with Occidental baroque elements found north of Sava river.[2]

AwardEdit

In his honor, in North Macedonia from December 28, 1989, the Andrey Damyanov Award is granted to an architect who contributed to the order and the development of Macedonian architecture.[9]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Makuljević, Nenad (2010). "Андреја Дамјанов: архитекта позноосманског Балкана (Arhitekta poznoosmanskog Balkana)" (PDF). Zbor Matice Srpske Za Likovne Umetnosti 38. Novi Sad: Matica srpska: 137–150.
  2. ^ a b c d Journal Balkanologie by Bernard Lory, December 2002, retrieved 3-4-2018 (in French)
  3. ^ "Damjanov is regularly included in histories of Serbian architecture as one of the first architects of the “Serbo-Byzantine style.” However, careful study of the biographies and the legacy of traditional master builders rarely reveals the existence of a national motivation behind their works. Not surprisingly, it has been possible to praise Andreja Damjanov as a great “Bulgarian master” in Bulgarian architectural literature and as a “Macedonian master” in the Macedonian literature." Roumen Dontchev Daskalov, Diana Mishkova, Tchavdar Marinov, Alexander Vezenkov, Entangled Histories of the Balkans - Volume Four: Concepts, Approaches, and (Self-)Representations, Balkan Studies Library, BRILL, 2017, ISBN 9004337822, p. 488.
  4. ^ "Until the late 19th century both outside observers and those Bulgaro-Macedonians who had an ethnic consciousness believed that their group, which is now two separate nationalities, comprised a single people, the Bulgarians. Thus the reader should ignore references to ethnic Macedonians in the Middle ages which appear in some modern works. In the Middle ages and into the 19th century, the term ‘Macedonian’ was used entirely in reference to a geographical region. anyone who lived within its confines, regardless of nationality could be called a Macedonian...Nevertheless, the absence of a national consciousness in the past is no grounds to reject the Macedonians as a nationality today." "The Early Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Sixth to the Late Twelfth Century," John Van Antwerp Fine, University of Michigan Press, 1991, ISBN 0472081497, pp. 36–37.
  5. ^ a b c d Influence of the Mijac Builders (on the Development of the Buildings and Building) on the Balkan Peninsula Archived 2018-06-20 at the Wayback Machine at mijaci.com, 19-1-2017, retrieved 3-4-2018
  6. ^ ST. NICOLAS at satelit.com.mk
  7. ^ Saint Panteleimon the Great Marthyr - protector of Veles and its people Archived 2018-04-03 at the Wayback Machine at Macedonian Information Agency official website, 3-10-2015, retrieved 3-4-2018
  8. ^ "120 years from the birth of Simeon Damyanov Zografov", Maria Paskaleva, "Macedonia" newspaper, ed. 24.
  9. ^ Library of Congress Subject Headings. Library of Congress. 2007. Retrieved 27 April 2018.

External linksEdit