André de Montbard

André de Montbard (5 November c. 1097 – 17 January 1156) was the fifth Grand Master of the Knights Templar and also one of the founders of the Order.

André de Montbard
André de Montbard.jpg
Grand Master of the Knights Templar
In office
1153–1156
Preceded byBernard de Tremelay
Succeeded byBertrand de Blanchefort
Personal details
Born5 November c. 1097
Burgundy
Died17 January 1156
Jerusalem, Kingdom of Jerusalem
NationalityFrench
Military service
AllegianceCross of the Knights Templar.svg Knights Templar
Years of service1129–1156
RankSeneschal (before 1153)
Grand Master (1153–1156)
Battles/warsSiege of Ascalon
Coat of arms of André de Montbard

The Montbard family came from the high nobility in Burgundy, and André was an uncle of St. Bernard of Clairvaux, being a half-brother of Bernard's mother Aleth de Montbard.[1] She had married Tescelin Sorus, a knight, the father of Bernard.[2] He entered the Order in 1129 and went to Palestine, where he quickly rose to the rank of seneschal, deputy and second-in-command to the Grand Master. After the Siege of Ascalon on 22 August 1153, André was elected Grand Master to replace Bernard de Tremelay, who had been killed during an assault on the city on 16 August.

He died on 17 January 1156, in Jerusalem and was succeeded by Bertrand de Blanchefort.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Read, Piers Paul (1999). The Templars. p. 101.
  2. ^ Bouchard, Constance Brittain (1987), Sword, Miter, and Cloister: Nobility and the Church in Burgundy, 980-1198, Cornell University Press, pp. 336–, ISBN 0-8014-1974-3
Religious titles
Preceded by
Bernard de Tremelay
Grand Master of the Knights Templar
1153–1156
Succeeded by
Bertrand de Blanchefort