Ancylostoma tubaeforme

Ancylostoma tubaeforme is a hookworm that infects cats worldwide.[1] Infection can occur through penetration of the skin, ingestion of infected hosts, such as birds, or by directly consuming the organism. Ancylostoma tubaeforme along with Ancylostoma braziliense are the two most common hookworms to infect cats, causing anemia and compromising the immune system.[2]

Ancylostoma tubaeforme
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Nematoda
Class: Chromadorea
Order: Rhabditida
Family: Ancylostomatidae
Genus: Ancylostoma
Species:
A. tubaeforme
Binomial name
Ancylostoma tubaeforme
(Zeder, 1800)

MorphologyEdit

The body of an adult A. tubaeforme is between 7 to 12 millimeters long. [3]

SignsEdit

Ancylostoma tubaeforme infection may lead to dermatitis,[4] anemia,[5] weight loss,[5] and pulmonary lesions.[4]

Life cycleEdit

Ancylostoma tubaeforme larvae may infect a host through oral ingestion or through skin lesions.

Larvae ingested by the host pass through the esophagus into the stomach. From there, they burrow into the lining of the stomach and duodenum, and develop into their adult form. The adult hookworms then burrow back into the lining of the stomach and release their ova into the gastrointestinal tract.

Larvae that infect a host by penetrating the skin migrate to the stomach by first traveling through the lungs, up the trachea, and down the esophagus. From there, the larvae develop into adult hookworms, burrow back into the stomach lining, and release their ova into the gastrointestinal tract.[5]

The prepatent period, the time between infection and when larvae can be detected, is 22-25 days.[4]

DiagnosisEdit

Diagnosis of A. tubaeforme infection is done through routine fecal flotation.[4]

TreatmentEdit

Infections are typically treated with oral anthelmintics such as fenbendazole, or topical treatments such as selamectin.[4]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Taylor, MA; Coop, RL; Wall, RL, eds. (2015). "Superfamily Ancylostomatoidea". Veterinary parasitology (4th ed.). John Wiley & Sons. pp. 38–41. ISBN 9781119073697.
  2. ^ Massolo, Alessandro; Liccioli, Stefano; Budke, Christine; Klein, Claudia (2014). "Echinococcus multilocularis in North America: the great unknown". Parasite. 21: 73. doi:10.1051/parasite/2014069. ISSN 1776-1042. PMC 4273702. PMID 25531581.  
  3. ^ Youssefi, M. R., Hoseini, S. H., Hoseini, S. M., Zaheri, B. A., & Tabari, M. A. (2010). First report of Ancylostoma tubaeforme in Persian Leopard (Panthera pardus saxicolor). Iranian Journal of Parasitology, 5(1), 61–63.
  4. ^ a b c d e Foreyt, William J. (2001). Veterinary Parasitology. Ames, Iowa: Blackwell Publishing. p. 54. ISBN 978-0-8138-2419-2.
  5. ^ a b c Bowman, Anastasia (June 17, 2014). "Ancylostoma tubaeforme | American Association of Veterinary Parasitologists". www.aavp.org. Retrieved 2019-10-08.