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Doubleday (publisher)

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Doubleday is an American publishing company. It was founded as the Doubleday & McClure Company in 1897 and was the largest in the United States by 1947. It published the work of mostly U.S. authors under a number of imprints and distributed them through its own stores. In 2009 Doubleday merged with Knopf Publishing Group to form the Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group, which is now part of Penguin Random House. In 2019 the official website presents Doubleday as an imprint, not a publisher.

Doubleday
Doubleday Publishing.png
Parent companyKnopf Doubleday Publishing Group (Penguin Random House)
StatusImprint
Founded1897; 122 years ago (1897)
FounderFrank Nelson Doubleday and S. S. McClure
Country of originUnited States
Headquarters locationNew York City
Publication typesBooks
Official websitedoubleday.knopfdoubleday.com

Contents

HistoryEdit

The firm was founded as Doubleday & McClure Company in 1897 by Frank Nelson Doubleday in partnership with Samuel Sidney McClure.[1] McClure had founded the first U.S. newspaper syndicate in 1884 (McClure Syndicate) and the monthly McClure's Magazine in 1893. One of their first bestsellers was The Day's Work by Rudyard Kipling, a short story collection that Macmillan published in Britain late in 1898. Other authors published by the company in its early years include W. Somerset Maugham and Joseph Conrad.[when?] Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. later served as a vice-president of the company.[when?]

The partnership ended in 1900. McClure and John Sanborn Phillips, the co-founder of his magazine, formed McClure, Phillips and Company. Doubleday and Walter Hines Page formed Doubleday, Page & Company.

The racist but best-selling novels of Thomas Dixon Jr. (The Leopard's Spots, 1902; The Clansman, 1905) "changed a struggling publishing venture into the empire that Doubleday was to become". At the same time, Doubleday helped Dixon launch his writing career. Page and Dixon were both from North Carolina and had known each other in Raleigh.[2]

In 1910, Doubleday, Page & Co. moved its operations, which included a train station, to Garden City.[3] The company purchased much of the land on the east side of Franklin Avenue, and estate homes were built for many of its executives on Fourth Street. Co-founder and Garden City resident Walter Hines Page was named Ambassador to Great Britain in 1916. In 1922 the company founded its juvenile department, the second in the nation, with May Massee as head.[4] The founder's son Nelson Doubleday joined the firm in the same year.

In 1927, Doubleday, Page merged with the George H. Doran Company, creating Doubleday, Doran, then the largest publishing business in the English-speaking world.[citation needed] In 1946, the company became Doubleday and Company. Nelson Doubleday resigned as president, but continued as chairman of the board until his death on January 11, 1949. Douglas Black took over as president from 1946 to 1963. His tenure attracted numerous public figures to the publishing company, including Dwight D. Eisenhower, Harry S. Truman, Douglas MacArthur, Robert Taft, and André Malraux. He was a strong opponent of censorship and felt that it was his responsibility to the American public to publish controversial titles. Black also expanded Doubleday's publishing program by opening two new printing plants; creating a new line of quality paperbacks, under the imprint Anchor Books; attracting new book clubs to its book club division; opening 30 new retail stores in 25 cities; and opening new editorial offices in San Francisco, London, and Paris.[5][6]

By 1947, Doubleday was the largest publisher in the US, with annual sales of over 30 million books.[citation needed]

Doubleday's son-in-law John Sargent was president and CEO from 1963 to 1978.

In 1967 the company purchased the Dallas-based Trigg-Vaughn group of radio and TV stations to create Doubleday Broadcasting.[7] After expanding during the 1970s and 1980s, Doubleday sold the broadcasting division in 1986.[8]

Nelson Doubleday, Jr. succeeded John Sargent as President and CEO from 1978 to 1985. In 1980, the company bought the New York Mets baseball team.[7] The Mets defeated the Boston Red Sox to win the World Series in 1986 in a 7-game contest. By 1985, Doubleday & Company was seeing a decline in sales from 1980 and hired James R. McLaughlin, the head of Dell Publishing, a Doubleday subsidiary, to streamline and downsize. McLaughlin went on to succeed Doubleday in as President and CEO, with Doubleday becoming Chairman of the Board.[9][10]

By 1986 the firm was a fully integrated international communications company, doing trade publishing, mass-market paperback publishing, book clubs, and book manufacturing, together with ventures in broadcasting and advertising. The company had offices in London and Paris and wholly owned subsidiaries in Canada, Australia, and New Zealand, with joint ventures in the UK and the Netherlands. Nelson Doubleday, Jr. sold the publishing company to Bertelsmann in 1986 for a reported $475 million.[11][12] The deal did not include the Mets which Nelson Doubleday and minority owner Fred Wilpon had purchased from Doubleday & Company for $85 million. In 2002, Doubleday sold his stake in the Mets to Wilpon for $135 million after a feud of the monetary value of the team.[13][14]

In 1988, portions of the firm became part of the Bantam Doubleday Dell Publishing Group, which in turn became a division of Random House in 1998.[9][10]

In late 2008 and early 2009, the Doubleday imprint merged with Knopf Publishing Group to form the Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group.[15] In October 2008, Doubleday laid off about 10% of its staff (16 people) across all departments.[16]

PresidentsEdit

Notable editorsEdit

Notable authorsEdit

Notable employeesEdit

ImprintsEdit

The following are imprints that exist or have existed under Doubleday:

  • Anchor Books, produced quality paperbacks for bookstores; named for the anchor that (along with a dolphin) forms Doubleday's colophon; now part of the Knopf Publishing Group's Vintage Anchor unit
  • Best in Children's Books, a mail-order collection of original children's short story anthologies[20]
  • Blakiston Co., medical and scientific books. Sold in 1947 to McGraw-Hill
  • Blue Ribbon Books, purchased in 1939 from Reynal & Hitchcock
  • Book League of America, contemporary and world classic literature, purchased in 1936
  • The Crime Club, active through much of the 20th century, publishing mystery and detective novels, most notably the Fu Manchu series by Sax Rohmer and the Saint series by Leslie Charteris
  • Garden City Publishing Co., originally established as a separate firm by Nelson Doubleday, Garden City's books were primarily reprints of books first offered by Doubleday, printed from the original plates but on less expensive paper. It was named for the village on New York's Long Island in which Doubleday was long headquartered (until 1986), and which still houses Bookspan, the direct marketer of general interest and specialty book clubs run by Doubleday Direct and Book of the Month Club holdings.
  • Image Books, Catholic Books—still a Doubleday unit as part of Doubleday Religious Publishing
  • Junior Deluxe Editions, classic children's books sold through mail-order[21]
  • Nan A. Talese/Doubleday, a literary imprint established in 1990. Talese, the imprint's publisher and editorial director, is a senior vice president of Doubleday.
  • Permabooks, paperback division established in 1948
  • Rimington & Hooper, high-quality limited editions
  • Triangle Books, purchased in 1939 from Reynal & Hitchcock; sold inexpensive books through chain stores
  • Zenith Books, aimed at African-American youths

BookstoresEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "History". randomhouse.com.
  2. ^ Rohauer, Raymond (1984). "Postscript". In Crewe, Karen (ed.). Southern Horizons. The Autobiography of Thomas Dixon. Alexandria, Virginia: IWV Publishing. p. 325. OCLC 11398740.
  3. ^ "Newportvintagebooks.com". Retrieved 2016-12-15.
  4. ^ Hodowanec, George V., ed. (1979). "THE MAY MASSEE COLLECTION" (PDF). Emporia State University. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
  5. ^ "Daphne Du Maurier Letters to Douglas Black (C0858) -- Daphne Du Maurier Letters to Douglas Black". diglib.princeton.edu. Archived from the original on 2011-06-11. Retrieved 2016-12-15.
  6. ^ "DOUGLAS M. BLACK, 81; EX-DOUBLEDAY CHIEF; A Founder of Publishers Group Was Strong Foe of Censorship Life Trustee of Columbia". Retrieved 2018-10-31.
  7. ^ a b New York Media, LLC (7 February 1983). New York Magazine. New York Media, LLC. pp. 55–. ISSN 0028-7369.
  8. ^ Nielsen Business Media, Inc. (1 March 1986). Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. pp. 10–. ISSN 0006-2510.
  9. ^ a b Associated Press (1986-09-28). "West German-based firm buys Doubleday and Co". Tri City Herald. Retrieved 2010-03-24.
  10. ^ a b Grimes, William (June 17, 2015). "Nelson Doubleday Jr., Publisher and Mets Buyer, Dies at 81". New York Times. Retrieved June 18, 2015.
  11. ^ a b McDowell, Edwin (December 18, 1986). "German Firm Completes Acquisition of Doubleday". New York Times.
  12. ^ Mcdowell, Edwin (1986-10-01). "PENGUIN AGREES TO BUY NEW AMERICAN LIBRARY". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-04-12.
  13. ^ Sandomir, Richard (2002-08-14). "Baseball; Owners Of Mets Make A Deal". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-03-24.
  14. ^ "Nelson Doubleday Jr., Publisher Who Owned the Mets, Dies at 81". Retrieved 2018-10-31.
  15. ^ "Shakeups hit Random House, other publishers | Crain's New York Business". crainsnewyork.com. Retrieved 2016-12-15.
  16. ^ Rich, Motoko (2008-10-28). "Doubleday Publishing Lays Off 10% of Its Employees". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-05-27.
  17. ^ "The Stoic". Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  18. ^ "The Evening News". Publishers Weekly. Retrieved February 5, 2017.
  19. ^ Fargnoli, A. Nicholas; Golay, Michael (2009). Critical Companion to William Faulkner. Infobase Publishing. ISBN 9781438108599.
  20. ^ Collecting Best in Children's Books - A Complete Illustrated Bibliography http://beautifulbooks.info/illustrated-bibliographies/best-in-childrens-books-series-illustrated-bibliography/
  21. ^ Collecting Junior Deluxe Editions - A Complete Illustrated Bibliography http://beautifulbooks.info/illustrated-bibliographies/junior-deluxe-editions-illustrated-bibliography/
  22. ^ "Doubleday Bookstores merged into B. Dalton". answers.com. Retrieved 2016-12-15.

External linksEdit