Anatoly Solonitsyn

Anatoly Alekseyevich Solonitsyn (Anatoli, Anatoliy; Russian: Анатолий (Отто) Алексеевич Солоницын; 30 August 1934 – 11 June 1982) was a Soviet actor known for his roles in Andrei Tarkovsky's films.[1] He won the Silver Bear for Best Actor at the 31st Berlin International Film Festival.

Anatoly Solonitsyn
Anatoly Solonitsyn.jpg
Otto Alekseyevich Solonitsyn

(1934-08-30)30 August 1934
Died11 June 1982(1982-06-11) (aged 47)
Years active1960–1982
AwardsSilver Bear

Film careerEdit

Solonitsyn was born in Bogorodsk. At birth, he was named Otto, after polar explorer Otto Schmidt, but later changed his German name to Anatoly.

His debut in cinema was in the Sverdlovsk Film Studio's short film The Case of Kurt Clausewitz (1963), directed by Gleb Panfilov. Solonitsyn is best known in the west for his roles in several of Andrei Tarkovsky's films, including Dr. Sartorius in Solaris (1972), the Writer in Stalker (1979), the physician in Mirror (1975), and the title role in Andrei Rublev (1966). Indeed, it was Tarkovsky who "discovered" him in the casting process for Andrei Rublev. Solonitsyn was an unknown provincial theater actor from Sverdlovsk at the time, but he took the opportunity to go to Moscow and try himself in the casting for the Andrei Rublev role. Historical consultant of the movie saw the photos of actors from the casting, pointed to a photo of Solonitsyn and said to Tarkovsky: "This one is Rublev".

In his book Sculpting in Time, Tarkovsky calls him his "favorite" actor,[2] and writes that Solonitsyn was intended to play the lead roles in each of his films Nostalghia (1983) and The Sacrifice (1986), but the actor died before their production. Tarkovsky admired Solonitsyn's ability to fully embody the ideas of the director. When Tarkovsky was considering making a film adaptation of Dostoevsky's famous novel The Idiot, Solonitsyn was even ready to do the plastic surgery to look more like the great Russian writer.[3]

In the former Soviet Union he is also well known for his roles in At Home Among Strangers (1974), The Train Has Stopped (1982), and many others.


In 1981, he won the Silver Bear for Best Actor at the 31st Berlin International Film Festival for his role in Aleksandr Zarkhi's film Twenty Six Days from the Life of Dostoyevsky.[4] The same year, he was given the title of Honored Artist of the RSFSR.


Solonitsyn died from cancer in 1982, at the age of 47. Allegedly, according to Viktor Sharun, the sound editor on Stalker, Solonitsyn, Tarkovsky and Larisa Tarkovskaya became ill due to exposure to toxic chemicals during filming on the location of the movie.[5][unreliable source?]


Year Title Role Notes
1966 Andrei Rublev Andrei Rublev
1968 Anyutyna doroga Stepan
1968 No Path Through Fire Ivan Yevstryukov
1969 Odin shans iz tysyachi kapitan Migunko
1971 Trial on the Road (segment Kolovert')
1972 Solaris Dr. Sartorius, astrobiologist
1973 Lyubit cheloveka Dmitri Kalmykov
1973 Grossmeyster
1973 Zarubki na pamyat Romus Cherbanu
1974 Under en steinhimmel Hoffmeyer, oberst
1974 Agony Colonel
1974 At Home Among Strangers Sarychev
1974 Posledniy den zimy
1975 Mirror Forensic doctor
1975 Vozdukhoplavatel Aviation School Head Henri Farman
1975 Tam, za gorizontom
1975 Mezhdu nebom i zemlyoy Orlov
1976 Doverie Bochazhnikov
1977 The Ascent Portnov, the Nazi interrogator
1977 Legenda o Tile Fishman
1978 Yuliya Vrevskaya
1978 A u nas byla tishina... Petrukha
1978 Predveshchayet pobedu Viktor Vershinin
1979 Trassa
1979 Bag of the Collector Ivan Timofeyevich
1979 Povorot Kostantin Korolyev
1979 Stalker Writer
1979 The Bodyguard Sultan-Nazar
1980 Sergey Ivanovich ukhodit na pensiyu Vladimir Vasilyevich
1981 Twenty Six Days from the Life of Dostoyevsky Fyodor Dostoevsky
1981 Tainstvennyy starik Kondratiy
1981 Rasputin Colonel
1981 Tayna zapisnoy knizhki Martyn Martynych
1981 Raskidannoye gnezdo Wanderer
1981 Muzhiki! Painter
1981 Iz zhizni otdykhayushchikh Tolik Chikin
1982 Ostanovilsya poezd Malinin, a journalist
1982 Shlyapa
1986 Proverka na dorogakh Igor Leonidovich Petushkov (final film role)


  1. ^ Peter Rollberg (2016). Historical Dictionary of Russian and Soviet Cinema. US: Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 703–704. ISBN 1442268425.
  2. ^ "Tarkovsky's favorite actor – Anatoly Solonitsyn". Retrieved 26 July 2019.
  3. ^ "«Выпил у меня всю кровь»: трагедия любимого актера Тарковского". 30 August 2019.
  4. ^ "Berlinale 1981: Prize Winners". Retrieved 29 August 2010.
  5. ^ "Greeninteger blog". Retrieved 15 August 2011.

External linksEdit