Anatoly Alekseyevich Solonitsyn (Anatoli, Anatoliy; Russian: Анатолий (Отто) Алексеевич Солоницын; 30 August 1934 – 11 June 1982) was a Soviet actor known for his roles in Andrei Tarkovsky's films. He won the Silver Bear for Best Actor at the 31st Berlin International Film Festival.
Otto Alekseyevich Solonitsyn
30 August 1934
|Died||11 June 1982 (aged 47)|
His debut in cinema was in the Sverdlovsk Film Studio's short film The Case of Kurt Clausewitz (1963), directed by Gleb Panfilov. Solonitsyn is best known in the west for his roles in several of Andrei Tarkovsky's films, including Dr. Sartorius in Solaris (1972), the Writer in Stalker (1979), the physician in Mirror (1975), and the title role in Andrei Rublev (1966). Indeed, it was Tarkovsky who "discovered" him in the casting process for Andrei Rublev. Solonitsyn was an unknown provincial theater actor from Sverdlovsk at the time, but he took the opportunity to go to Moscow and try himself in the casting for the Andrei Rublev role. Historical consultant of the movie saw the photos of actors from the casting, pointed to a photo of Solonitsyn and said to Tarkovsky: "This one is Rublev".
In his book Sculpting in Time, Tarkovsky calls him his "favorite" actor, and writes that Solonitsyn was intended to play the lead roles in each of his films Nostalghia (1983) and The Sacrifice (1986), but the actor died before their production. Tarkovsky admired Solonitsyn's ability to fully embody the ideas of the director. When Tarkovsky was considering making a film adaptation of Dostoevsky's famous novel The Idiot, Solonitsyn was even ready to do the plastic surgery to look more like the great Russian writer.
In 1981, he won the Silver Bear for Best Actor at the 31st Berlin International Film Festival for his role in Aleksandr Zarkhi's film Twenty Six Days from the Life of Dostoyevsky. The same year, he was given the title of Honored Artist of the RSFSR.
Solonitsyn died from cancer in 1982, at the age of 47. Allegedly, according to Viktor Sharun, the sound editor on Stalker, Solonitsyn, Tarkovsky and Larisa Tarkovskaya became ill due to exposure to toxic chemicals during filming on the location of the movie.[unreliable source?]
|1966||Andrei Rublev||Andrei Rublev|
|1968||No Path Through Fire||Ivan Yevstryukov|
|1969||Odin shans iz tysyachi||kapitan Migunko|
|1971||Trial on the Road||(segment Kolovert')|
|1972||Solaris||Dr. Sartorius, astrobiologist|
|1973||Lyubit cheloveka||Dmitri Kalmykov|
|1973||Zarubki na pamyat||Romus Cherbanu|
|1974||Under en steinhimmel||Hoffmeyer, oberst|
|1974||At Home Among Strangers||Sarychev|
|1974||Posledniy den zimy|
|1975||Vozdukhoplavatel||Aviation School Head Henri Farman|
|1975||Tam, za gorizontom|
|1975||Mezhdu nebom i zemlyoy||Orlov|
|1977||The Ascent||Portnov, the Nazi interrogator|
|1977||Legenda o Tile||Fishman|
|1978||A u nas byla tishina...||Petrukha|
|1978||Predveshchayet pobedu||Viktor Vershinin|
|1979||Bag of the Collector||Ivan Timofeyevich|
|1980||Sergey Ivanovich ukhodit na pensiyu||Vladimir Vasilyevich|
|1981||Twenty Six Days from the Life of Dostoyevsky||Fyodor Dostoevsky|
|1981||Tayna zapisnoy knizhki||Martyn Martynych|
|1981||Iz zhizni otdykhayushchikh||Tolik Chikin|
|1982||Ostanovilsya poezd||Malinin, a journalist|
|1986||Proverka na dorogakh||Igor Leonidovich Petushkov||(final film role)|
- Peter Rollberg (2016). Historical Dictionary of Russian and Soviet Cinema. US: Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 703–704. ISBN 1442268425.
- "Tarkovsky's favorite actor – Anatoly Solonitsyn". latgale.academy. Retrieved 26 July 2019.
- "«Выпил у меня всю кровь»: трагедия любимого актера Тарковского". gazeta.ru. 30 August 2019.
- "Berlinale 1981: Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
- "Greeninteger blog". Retrieved 15 August 2011.