Anastasia Baburova

Anastasia Baburova (Russian: Анастасия Эдуардовна Бабурова Anastasia Eduardovna Baburova, Ukrainian: Анастасiя Едуардівна Бабурова Anastasia Eduardivna Baburova; 30 November 1983 – 19 January 2009) was a journalist for Novaya Gazeta and a student of journalism at Moscow State University. She was born in Sevastopol, Ukrainian SSR.[1][2][3]

Anastasia Baburova
Anastasia Baburova.jpg
Born30 November 1983
Died19 January 2009(2009-01-19) (aged 25)
Cause of deathAssassination
EducationMoscow State University
EmployerNovaya Gazeta
SpouseAlexander Frolov (m. 2003; divorced 2007)

A member of Autonomous Action,[4] she investigated the activities of neo-Nazi groups.[5][6] She was shot and killed together with human rights lawyer Stanislav Markelov.[7][8][9]

Personal lifeEdit

Baburova was the only child of her parents Eduard Fyodorovich Baburov and Larisa Ivanovna Baburova who were both professors at the Sevastopol National Technical University.[10][11][12]

In 2000, she began studying at the Management-Faculty of the Black Sea branch of the Moscow State University.[13] She went to Moscow in 2001 and became a student in international law at the Moscow State Institute of International Relations. In 2003, she married a fellow journalism student, Alexander Frolov, whom she met in 2000 during her studies in Sevastopol. In 2004, Baburova became a journalist student at the Moscow State University.[14][15] Along with her studies, she worked as a freelance journalist for Vechernyaya Moskva, Rossiyskaya Gazeta and Izvestia. In the summer of 2007, Baburova and Frolov divorced.[16]

Beginning in October 2008, she investigated (as a freelance-journalist) Russian Neo-Nazi Groups for Novaya Gazeta.[17][18]

Besides Russian and Ukrainian, which she considered her native languages, she also spoke English and French.[13]

Political activityEdit

Baburova's political activity may be traced back to her having witnessed an attack by neo-Nazis on a foreigner, after which she wrote in her diary, "It is difficult to look in the eyes of a Korean student, who has only just been struck in the temple by two juvenile thugs... they waved 'Sieg Heil' towards the tram and ran off."

Baburova was active in the anarchist environmentalist movement. She participated in the activities of ecological camps, in social fora, including the Fifth European Social Forum in Malmö 2008, organised the 'Anti-capitalism 2008' festival, demonstrated widely, and was involved in anti-fascist activities more generally.

In July 2008, Baburova participated in a demonstration against the felling of the Khimki Forest. For her involvement in another protest against the eviction of former pork factory workers from the Moscow factory, 'Smena' and impoverished CIS immigrants she would spend a night in prison. The day before her murder, Anastasia appeared at the anarcho-communist unity event 'Autonomous Action'. Earlier she had written an article on behalf of the journal 'Avtonom'.

Journalistic activityEdit

Throughout 2008, Anastasia Baburova worked on the editorial team of the Russian newspaper, Izvestia, and had had dozens of articles published by both Izvestia and Financial News, particularly on finance. In December 2008, she resigned from this post over the political course of the newspaper, which, according to the British weekly newspaper The Economist, may be characterised by "nationalism, spinelessness and cynicism".

Death and investigationEdit

Baburova became the fourth Novaya Gazeta journalist to be killed since 2000.

At first it was reported that Baburova had been wounded in an attempt to detain Markelov's killer, but later Russian law enforcement authorities declared that Baburova was shot in the back of her head. Baburova died a few hours after the attack at a Moscow hospital.[19]

Then President of Ukraine Viktor Yushchenko sent her parents a condolence telegram on 23 January 2009.[3] Russian President Dmitry Medvedev gave his condolences 6 days later.[20][21][22]

On 26 January 2009, Baburova was buried in the central city cemetery of her home town of Sevastopol.[2]

In November 2009, Russian authorities declared the end of the criminal investigation. The murder suspects were 29-year-old Nikita Tikhonov and his girlfriend, 24-year-old Eugenia Khasis, members of a radical neo-Nazi nationalistic group. According to investigators, Tikhonov was the one who committed the murder, while Khasis reported to him, by cell phone, the movements of Markelov and Baburova right before the assault. The motive of the murder was revenge for Markelov's prior work as a lawyer in the interests of anti-Russian activists. The murder suspects were arrested, and were reported to have confessed. In May 2011, Tikhonov was sentenced to life imprisonment, and Khasis was sentenced to 18 years in prison.[23]

According to Russian military analyst Pavel Felgenhauer, the details of the murder indicate involvement of Russian state security services.[24] He stated:

"In the opinion of the Novaya Gazeta staff, of which I am a member, the Russian security services or rogue elements within these services are the prime suspects in the murders of Baburova and Markelov. The boldness of the attack by a single gunman in broad daylight in the center of Moscow required professional preliminary planning and surveillance that would necessitate the security services, which closely control that particular neighborhood, turning a blind eye. The use of a gun with a silencer does not fit with the usual pattern of murders by nationalist neo-Nazi youth groups in Russia, which use homemade explosives, knives, and group assaults to beat up and stab opponents to death".

References and footnotesEdit

  1. ^ "From the Native land home, Sevastopol has said goodbye to Anastasiej Baburovoj". Novaya Gazeta. 27 January 2009. Archived from the original on 18 February 2012.
  2. ^ a b "Sevastopol pays final respects to journalist gunned down in Moscow". UNIAN. 26 January 2009. Archived from the original on 22 February 2012.
  3. ^ a b "Виктор Ющенко выразил соболезнования в связи с гибелью журналистки Анастасии Бабуровой" [Viktor Yushchenko expressed condolences over the death of journalist Anastasia Baburova] (in Russian). condolence message of the President of Ukraine. 23 January 2009. Archived from the original on 13 February 2012.
  4. ^ Anastasia Baburova joined Autonomous Action a day before she got murdered. Anastasia "Skat" Baburova, 30 November 1983-19 January 2009 Archived 23 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine, Autonomous Action Official website (19 January 2009)
  5. ^ Felgenhauer, Pavel. "The Russian Security Services—The Prime Murder Suspect". Archived from the original on 8 June 2016.
  6. ^ "Obituary: Anastasia Baburova". The Economist. 7 February 2009. p. 79.
  7. ^ Schwirtz, Michael (20 January 2009). "Leading Russian Rights Lawyer Is Shot to Death in Moscow, Along With Journalist". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 24 July 2014. Retrieved 23 January 2009. Anastasia Baburova, a 25-year-old journalist who was with Markelov, was also killed, according to a spokeswoman for a newspaper where she worked as a freelancer, Novaya Gazeta, which is highly critical of the government. The two were shot.
  8. ^ "Murder of lawyer shocks Russians". BBC News. 20 January 2009. Archived from the original on 23 January 2009.
  9. ^ "В центре Москве убиты адвокат Станислав Маркелов и журналист "Новой газеты" Анастасия Бабурова" [Lawyer Stanislav Markelov and Novaya Gazeta journalist Anastasia Baburova killed in downtown Moscow]. Novaya Gazeta (in Russian). Archived from the original on 14 February 2009.
  10. ^ (in Russian)Nikita Kasjanenko, Журналисты Крыма требуют от власти России наказать виновных в смерти Анастасии Бабуровой Archived 1 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine, Den (27 January 2009)
  11. ^ (in Russian)Oleg Leontijewski, У Насти Бабуровой было развито чувство справедливости, Informationsagentur, UNIAN (27 January 2009)
  12. ^ (in Russian)Nikita Kasjanenko, Я прошу вас, любите меня, пожалуйста! Статья про украинское детство Насти Бабуровой, (13 February 2009)
  13. ^ a b (in Russian)«Я прошу вас, любите меня, пожалуйста!» Archived 6 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine by Nikita Kasyanenko, Den № 24, 13 February 2009
  14. ^ (in Russian)List of Students Archived 1 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ (in Russian)Takoi ona byla by Ilja Donskich Archived 23 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine, Novaya Gazeta (21 January 2009)
  16. ^ (in Russian)Irina Bobrowa/Jekaterina Petuchowa, Настя Бабурова: “Товарищи родители, любите меня, пожалуйста! Archived 2 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine, weblog, (21 January 2009)
  17. ^ (in German)"Rechtsanwalt und Journalistin ermordet“ Archived 8 March 2022 at the Wayback Machine, FR-online (19 January 2009)
  18. ^ We are not afraid Archived 21 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine, Novaya Gazeta (21 January 2009)
  19. ^ В Севастополе похоронили Анастасию Бабурову [Anastasia Baburova buried in Sevastopol] (in Russian). Peoples. 26 January 2009. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 26 January 2009.
  20. ^ "Medvedev Expresses Condolences Over Journalist Slain in Moscow". Bloomberg. 29 January 2009. Retrieved 29 January 2009.
  21. ^ Дмитрий Медведев сказал, почему не выразил соболезнования в связи с убийством Маркелова и Бабуровой [Dmitry Medvedev said why he did not express condolences in connection with the murder of Markelov and Baburova] (in Russian). Mideast. 29 January 2009. Archived from the original on 31 January 2009. Retrieved 29 January 2009.
  22. ^ "Medvedev sympathy for murdered activists signals break from past". Financial Times. 30 January 2009. Retrieved 30 January 2009.
  23. ^ "Nikita Tikhonov And Yevgenia Khasis, Russian Nationalists, Sentenced For Killing Human Rights Lawyer, Journalist". Huffington Post. 6 May 2011. Archived from the original on 7 March 2016. Retrieved 21 February 2020.
  24. ^ Felgenhauer, Pavel (22 January 2009). "The Russian Security Services—The Prime Murder Suspect". Eurasia Daily Monitor. Archived from the original on 20 December 2012. Retrieved 29 January 2009.

External linksEdit