Anantapur district officially: Anantapuramu district is one of the eight districts in the Rayalaseema region of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The district headquarters is located at Anantapur city. It is one of the driest places in South India. As of 2011[update] census of India, it was the largest district in the state by area and with a population of 2,241,105. Later in the year 2022, as part of re-organisation of districts, Sri Sathya Sai district was carved out and so its area and population reduced by half.
|Etymology: Telugu: Anantasagara (Big Tank)|
|Named for||Big Tank|
|• District collector||Smt K.Nagalakshmi|
|• Lok Sabha|
|• Total||10,205 km2 (3,940 sq mi)|
|• Density||220/km2 (570/sq mi)|
|• Sex ratio||977 (females per 1,000 males)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Postal Index Number|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-AP|
|Vehicle registration||AP-02 (former) AP–39 (from 30 January 2019)|
The name Anantapur was named after a big tank called Anantasagara. It existed during reign of Vijayanagara Empire, which was named after Ananthamma, wife of Bukkaraya, one of the founders of the empire.
Gooty fort was a stronghold of the Marathas, but was taken from them by Hyder Ali. In 1789 it was ceded by his son Tipu Sultan to the Nizam of Hyderabad, and in 1800 the nizam ceded the surrounding districts to the British in payment for a subsidiary British force. In 1882, Anantapuram district was formed by carving out from Bellary district.
It is one of the largest district of Andhra Pradesh district in spanning an area of 10,205 square kilometres (3,940 sq mi), comparatively equivalent to Japan's Shikoku Island. It is bounded on the north by Kurnool district and Nandyal district , on the east by YSR district, and South by Sri Sathya Sai district and on the southwest and west by Chitradurga district And Bellary district in Karnataka state. It is part of Rayalaseema region on the state. Its northern and central portions are a high plateau, generally undulating, with large granite rocks or low hill ranges rising occasionally above its surface. In the southern portion of the district the surface is more hilly, the plateau there rising to 2,000 ft (610 m). above the sea. Six rivers flow within the district: Penna, Chithravathi, Vedavathi, Papagni, Swarnamukhi, and Thadakaleru. The district receives an average annual rainfall of 381 millimetres. Anantapur district mostly falls under the rainshadow region of the Western Ghats, with a Hot semi-arid climate. Red soil and vertisol are the most common soils. The driest parts of India after the Thar desert are in this region, as well as adjoining Chitradurga district and Ballari district of Karnataka, and parts of Kurnool district and Kadapa district.
Anantapur city is 485 km (301 mi) from Vijayawada, 354 km (220 mi) from Hyderabad, and 200 km (120 mi) from the neighbouring state capital of Bengaluru. Anantapur connects Hyderabad and Bangalore through National Highway 7. Kempegowda International Airport, Bengaluru is the nearest international airport to Ananthapuramu town. Other small-scale domestic airports are there in neighboring districts of Kurnool and Kadapa which are around 150 km and 200 km away respectively.
As of 2011[update] census of India, Anantapur district has a population of 4,081,148 with 9,68,160 households, ranking it as the 7th most populous district in the state. It is the largest district in the state with an area of 19,130 km2 (7,390 sq mi). Anantapur has a sex ratio of 977 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 64.28%. Urban population in the district is 28.9% of total population.
After bifurcation Anantapur district had a population of 22,41,105, of which 753,354 (33.62%) lived in urban areas. Anantapur district had a sex ratio of 978 females per 1000 males. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 3,34,142 (14.91%) and 70,161 (3.13%) of the population respectively.: 78–83
The Gross District Domestic Product (GDDP) of the district is ₹35,838 crore (US$4.5 billion) and it contributes 6.8% to the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP). For the FY 2013–14, the per capita income at current prices was ₹69,562 (US$870). The primary, secondary and tertiary sectors of the district contribute ₹9,944 crore (US$1.2 billion), ₹7,752 crore (US$970 million) and ₹18,142 crore (US$2.3 billion) respectively to the GDDP.
Industries Industries like Constructions, Manufactures and Electricity are major contributors for GVA. Anantapur has a major potential for development of industry due to its strategic location between Bengaluru – Chennai and Bengaluru – Hyderabad routes and availability of vast tracts of land. In 2006 the Indian government named Anantapur one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the thirteen districts in Andhra Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
Minerals Anantapur is a major producer of dolomite and iron ore minerals.
Power plants Solar thermal power plant of 50 MW was commissioned at this village under Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission which was named as Megha Solar Plant. It is one of the 7 solar thermal plants in the country.
Tadipatri region in Anantapur is an industrialised town famous for Granite and Cement production. Ultra Tech Cements a unit of Industrial major Larsen & Toubro has a major Cement production unit near the town.
The economy is principally agrarian with a developing industrial sector. Anantapur receives very less rainfall due to its location in the rain shadow area of Indian Peninsula. Prominent crops include groundnut, sunflower, rice, cotton, maize, chillies, sesame, and sugarcane. Silk trade, limestone quarrying, iron and diamond mining. Anantapur town is known as Groundnut City in reference to the neighbouring Bengaluru being called as Garden City.
The Gooty Fort, also known as Ravadurg, is a ruined fort located on a hill in the Gooty town of Anantapur Andhra Pradesh, India. The word Gooty (locally pronounced "Gutti") is derived from the town's original name, Gowthampuri. It is one of the centrally protected Monuments of National Importance.
The mandals of the district are listed in the following table:
Anantapur and Hindupur Lok Sabha constituency comprises the following Legislative Assembly segments:
|Constituency number||Name||Reserved for
|155||Raptadu||None||Hindupur Lok Sabha constituency|
|148||Rayadurg||None||Anantapur Lok Sabha constituency|
|149||Uravakonda||None||Anantapur Lok Sabha constituency|
|150||Guntakal||None||Anantapur Lok Sabha constituency|
|151||Tadpatri||None||Anantapur Lok Sabha constituency|
|152||Singanamala||SC||Anantapur Lok Sabha constituency|
|153||Anantapur Urban||None||Anantapur Lok Sabha constituency|
|154||Kalyandurg||None||Anantapur Lok Sabha constituency|
Erstwhile Talukas in DistrictEdit
|S.No.||Erstwhile Talukas in 1971||Newly formed Talukas in 1978||Newly formed Mandals in 1985|
|1.||Anantapuram||Anantapuram||Anantapuram, Kudair, Atmakur, Raptadu, Garladinne [part]|
|Singanamala ||Singanamala, B.K. Samudram, Narpala, Garladinne [part]|
|2||Gooty||Gooty||Gooty, Guntakal, Pamidi, Peddavadugur|
|3||Urvakonda||Urvakonda||Urvakonda [part], Vidapanakal, Vajrakarur|
|4||Rayadurgam||Rayadurgam||Rayadurgam, D.Hirehal, Gummagatta|
|Kanekallu ||Kanekallu, Bommanahal, Urvakonda [part]|
|Kambadur ||Kambadur, Kundurpi, Settur, Brahmasamudram|
|6||Penukonda||Penukonda||Penukonda, Roddam, Somanandipalle|
|Puttaparthi [Satya Sai Taluka] ||Puttaparthi, Bukkapatnam, Kothacheruvu|
|7||Madakasira||Madakasira||Madakasira, Rolla, Agali, Gudibanda, Amarapuram|
|8||Hindupuram||Hindupuram||Hindupuram, Parigi, Gorantla, Lepakshi, Chilamathur|
|9||Kadiri||Kadiri||Kadiri, Nallacheruvu, Tanakal, Gandlapenta, Talapula, Nambulipulikunta|
|Nallamada ||Nallamada, Obula devara Cheruvu, Amadagur, Mudigubba|
|10||Dharmavaram||Dharmavaram||Dharmavaram, Bathalapalle, Tadimarri|
|Chennekothapalle ||Chennekothapalle, Kanaganapalle, Ramagiri|
|11||Tadipatri||Tadipatri||Tadipatri, Yadiki, Yallanuru, Putlur, Peddapappur|
Towns in DistrictEdit
The Following are the towns in old district.
|S.No.||Town||Civic Status of Town||Municipality
|2||Guntakal||Municipality Selection Grade||1948||37||1,28,142||1,17,103||107,592||84,599||66,320||48,083||31,341|
|3||Tadipatri||Municipality Special Grade||1920||36||1,20,990||86,843||71,068||53,920||31,618||23,129||19,369|
|4||Rayadurgam||Municipality Grade - 2||1963||32||61,749||54,125||40,848||32,745||26,154||23,779||19,738|
|5||Gooty||Municipality Grade - 3||2011||25||48,658||43,389||37,814||29,302||21,706||19,507||15,437|
|6||Kalyanadurgam||Municipality Grade - 3||2012||24||39,855||29,266||23,106||17,049||13,260||10,256||8,163|
|S.No.||Town||Civic Status of Town||2011 Census
|S.No.||Town||Civic Status of Town||2011 Census
The total road length of state highways in the district is 1,298 km (807 mi), the longest in the state. It has a total Rail Network of which 340 km (210 mi) is Broad gauge and 249 km (155 mi) is Meter gauge. The major railways stations are Guntakal Junction, Gooty Junction,Rayadurg Junction Ananthapuramu, Tadipatri railway stations.
The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state. As per the school information report for the academic year 2015–16, there are a total of 5,024 schools. They include, 28 government, 3,435 mandal and zilla parishads, 4 residential, 1,154 private, 25 model, 62 Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV), 261 municipal and 55 other types of schools. The total number of students enrolled in primary, upper primary and high schools of the district are 563,710. The total number of students enrolled in primary, upper primary and high schools of the district are 563,266.
When it comes to Union (Central) government schools, Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya (JNV) is located nearby Lepakshi, Sri Satyasai district but it serves both Sri Satyasai and Ananthapuramu districts as Lepakshi was part of Ananthapuramu district earlier and after bifurcation, a new JNV is yet to be established in new Ananthapuramu district. Also there are three Central schools (Kendriya Vidyalayas) in the district, located in Guntakal, Gooty and Ananthapuramu.
Anantapur is an important education centre with many educational, schools, colleges and universities situated in the district. Anantapur city has become a major hub with many education institutions situated in its vicinity. Some of the institutions include Sri Krishnadevaraya University, JNTU Ananthapur, Sri Sathya Sai University, Government Medical College, Government polytechnic anantapur, Srinivasa Ramanujan Institute of Technology, Government Polytechnic Hindupur, Gates Institute of Technology, Central University of Andhra Pradesh, Dalavai Chalapathi Rao
The following sixty five temples under the management of Endowments Department
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