Anand (1971 film)
Anand is a 1971 Indian drama film, co-written and directed by Hrishikesh Mukherjee, with dialogues written by Gulzar. It stars Rajesh Khanna in the lead role, with a supporting cast including Amitabh Bachchan, Sumita Sanyal, Ramesh Deo and Seema Deo. The film won several awards, including the Filmfare Award for Best Film in 1972. In 2013, it was listed in Anupama Chopra's book 100 Films To See before You Die.
|Directed by||Hrishikesh Mukherjee|
|Produced by||Hrishikesh Mukherjee|
|Written by||Bimal Dutta|
|Music by||Salil Chowdhury|
|Edited by||Hrishikesh Mukherjee|
|Distributed by||Digital Entertainment|
Shemaroo Video Pvt. Ltd.
|March 12, 1971|
This film is counted among the 17 consecutive hit films of Rajesh Khanna between 1969 and 1971, by adding the two-hero films Marayada and Andaz to the 15 consecutive solo hits he gave from 1969 to 1971. It is the 3rd highest rated Indian film on IMDb (8.8) and is still one of the greatest movie ever made. It was also a box office superhit and was 3rd highest grosser of 1971. It has gained a big cult status and is also remembered as the first film starring the two great superstars of Indian cinema-Rajesh Khanna and Amitabh Bachchan. At that time Khanna was already the biggest superstar of the world and Bachchan was just making one of the starting films of his career. It is also the first hit movie of Amitabh Bachchan. Indiatimes has also listed it among the 25 must watch films before you die. It was also Amitabh Bachchan's first hit. Khanna and Amitabh starred in just two films that were both directed by Hrishikesh Mukherjee.
The film begins with a ceremony arranged to felicitate Dr. Bhaskar (Amitabh Bachchan), a doctor who has just written a successful book titled Anand. Bhaskar is a cancer specialist and after the congratulatory speeches, he reveals that the book is not a work of fiction, but taken from his own diary and pertains to his experiences with a real person named Anand.
The flashback starts with Bhaskar, fresh from his training as an oncologist, trying to treat the poor for no charge, but often disheartened by the fact that he cannot cure all the ailments in the world. He becomes pessimistic after seeing the suffering, illness and poverty all around him. He is straightforward and won't treat the imaginary ailments of the rich. His friend, Dr. Kulkarni follows a slightly different path. He treats the imaginary illnesses of the rich and uses that money to treat the poor.
One day, Kulkarni introduces Bhaskar to Anand (Rajesh Khanna), who has lymphosarcoma of the intestine, a rare type of cancer. Anand has a cheerful nature and despite knowing the truth that he is not going to survive for more than six months, he maintains a nonchalant demeanour and always tries to make happy everyone around him. His cheerful and vibrant nature soothes Bhaskar, who has a contrasting nature and they become good friends. Anand has rare quality to attract people and befriend them. In one of such encounter he makes Isa bhai, a theater actor, played by Johnny Walker his friend. They enjoy each others company and create an emotional bond.
Anand's condition gradually deteriorates, but he does not want to spend his remaining time in a hospital bed; he instead roams freely and helps everyone. He discovers that Bhaskar has strong feelings for Renu (Sumita Sanyal), whom he treated previously for pneumonia. He helps Bhaskar to express his love and convinces Renu's mother to bless their marriage. He tells Bhaskar that everyone should remember him as a lively person and not as a cancer patient. His end comes and he dies amongst his friends and everyone remembers him as a vibrant and lively person. Bhaskar becomes more philosophical and continues to help the helpless with more empathy and maturity.
- Rajesh Khanna as Anand Sehgal
- Amitabh Bachchan as Dr. Bhaskar Banerjee a.k.a. Babu Moshai
- Sumita Sanyal as Renu
- Ramesh Deo as Dr. Prakash Kulkarni
- Seema Deo as Suman Kulkarni
- Lalita Pawar as Matron D'Sa
- Durga Khote as Renu's mother
- Johnny Walker as Isa Bhai Suratwala
- Asit Sen as Chandra Nath
- Dev Kishan as Raghu Kaka
- Dara Singh as Wrestling Coach
- Brahm Bhardwaj as Mauni Baba
Anand was originally supposed to star actors Kishore Kumar and Mehmood in lead roles. One of the producers, N.C. Sippy, had earlier served as Mehmood's production manager. The character Babu Moshai was to be played by Mehmood. Mukherjee was asked to meet Kishore Kumar to discuss the project. However, when he went to Kishore Kumar's residence, he was driven away by the gatekeeper due to a misunderstanding. Kishore Kumar (himself a Bengali) had done a stage show organized by another Bengali man, and was involved in a dispute with this man over financial matters. He had instructed his gatekeeper to drive away this "Bengali", if he ever visited the house. The gatekeeper mistook Mukherjee to be this "Bengali", and refused him entry. The incident hurt Mukherjee and he decided not to work with Kumar. Consequently, Mehmood had to leave the film as well. Both Raj Kapoor and Shashi Kapoor were offered the lead before Rajesh Khanna.
Film expert and musicologist Rajesh Subramanian says that Mukherjee shot the film in 28 days. The screenplay of Anand was written by Gulzar (who also wrote dialogues and lyrics of a few songs), Bimal Dutt, D.N. Mukherjee and Hrishikesh Mukherjee.
The character of Anand was inspired by Raj Kapoor, who used to call Mukherjee "Babu Moshay". It is believed that Mukherjee wrote the film when once Kapoor was seriously ill and Mukherjee thought that he may die. The film was dedicated to Kapoor and the people of Bombay. Later, Anand was remade in Malayalam, with the name Chitrashalabham, starring Jayaram and Biju Menon.
|Soundtrack album to Anand by|
|Salil Chowdhary chronology|
Before confirming Chowdhary for songs, Mukherjee approached Lata Mangeshkar to get the songs composed, as she had already worked as a music director in Marathi films under the pseudonym of "Anandghan". She, however, politely refused the offer and decided to sing the songs in the film rather than composing them.
|1||"Kahin Door Jab" (Male)||Mukesh||Yogesh||05:52|
|2||"Maine Tere Liye"||Mukesh||Gulzar||03:09|
|3||"Zindagi Kaisi Hai Paheli"||Manna Dey||Yogesh||03:30|
|4||"Kahin Door Jab" (Female)||Lata Mangeshkar||Yogesh||03:48|
|5||"Na Jiya Lage Na"||Lata Mangeshkar||Gulzar||03:22|
|6||"Maut Tu Ek Kavita Hai"||Amitabh Bachchan||Gulzar||00:47|
Although Kishore Kumar had become the voice of Rajesh Khanna since the success of Aradhana, in this film, the composer Salil Chowdhury insisted on having Mukesh as he felt that the latter's voice would give the required pathos to Anand's character. Rajesh Khanna readily agreed to the suggestion. Once when asked which song was his favorite, Rajesh Khanna said it was Mukesh's song "Kahin Door Jab Din Dhal Jaye" from Anand.
Numerous DVD editions entered the market by companies like "Digital Entertainment inc.", Shemaroo Entertainment and "Eagle Home Video". These were released as non-restored, non re-mastered editions and bare bones, devoid of supplementary features.
Eagle Home Video came out with a restored edition of this movie, preserving the original aspect ratio in 4:3 pillar box and a DTS Master Audio (HD) in 2.0. The restoration took place in Shemaroo studios.
Till the time of release of Anand the star of the film Amitabh Bachchan was not publicly recognized. Sharing the incident on twitter, a fan reminded him how he got recognition from the film. On the release day of the film Bachchan went to a petrol pump to fill up the tank of his car and no one identified him. But after the release of the film in the evening, when he went to the same petrol pump for refill public started recognising him. Bachchan posted on tweeter, "this is a true happening .. it was the petrol pump at Irla, on SV Road."
- Aḵẖtar, Jāvīd; Kabir, Nasreen Munni (2002). Talking Films: Conversations on Hindi Cinema with Javed Akhtar. Oxford University Press. p. 49. ISBN 978-0-19-566462-1.
most of the writers working in this so-called Hindi cinema write in Urdu: Gulzar, or Rajinder Singh Bedi or Inder Raj Anand or Rahi Masoom Raza or Vahajat Mirza, who wrote dialogue for films like Mughal-e-Azam and Gunga Jumna and Mother India. So most dialogue-writers and most song-writers are from the Urdu discipline
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- Zaveri 2005, p. 133.
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- "It was Kishore, not Rajesh Khanna, who was to do the role of Anand". India TV. 19 June 2012. Retrieved 23 April 2015.
- Malhotra, A. P. S. (13 December 2008). "Anand (1971)". The Hindu. Retrieved 28 December 2015.
- Kaul, Vivek (19 June 2012). "A hand-me-down role in 'Anand' crowned Khanna's career". Firstpost. Retrieved 28 December 2015.
- "It was Kishore, not Rajesh Khanna, who was to do the role of Anand". Indiatvnews. Retrieved 24 March 2017.
- "It was an honour to sing for Rajesh Khanna: Manna Dey". India Today. 18 July 2012. Retrieved 28 December 2015.
- "Amitabh Bachchan reacts to an incident that happened during release of 'Anand'". 12 March 2019. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
- Amitabh Bachchan [@SrBachchan] (12 March 2019). ".. this is a true happening .. it was the petrol pump at Irla, on SV Road ..🙏 t.co/6YtxipIVkF" (Tweet) – via Twitter.