In Buddhism, an anāgāmi (Sanskrit and Pāli for "non-returning") (Chinese: 阿那含; pinyin: ā nà hán) is a partially enlightened person who has cut off the first five chains that bind the ordinary mind. Anāgāmis are the third of the four aspirants.
The Pali terms for the specific chains or fetters (Pali: saṃyojana) of which an anāgāmi is free are:
- Sakkāya-diṭṭhi: Belief in atmān or self
- Sīlabbata-parāmāsa: Attachment to rites and rituals
- Vicikicchā: Skeptical doubt
- Kāma-rāga: Sensuous craving
- Byāpāda: ill will
The fetters from which an anāgāmi is not yet free are:
- Rūparāga: Craving for fine-material existence (the first 4 jhanas)
- Arūparāga: Craving for immaterial existence (the last 4 jhanas)
- Māna: Conceit
- Uddhacca: Restlessness
- Avijjā: Ignorance
Kāmarāga and Byāpāda, which they are free from, can also be interpreted as craving for becoming and non-becoming, respectively. Anāgāmis are at an intermediate stage between sakadagamis and arahants. Arahants enjoy complete freedom from the ten fetters. An anāgāmi's mind is very pure.
- Rhys Davids & Stede (1921-25), pp. 31, 95, entries for "Anāgāmin" (retrieved 17 November 2018 at https://dsalsrv04.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/app/pali_query.py?qs=An%C4%81g%C4%81min&searchhws=yes) and "Āgāmin" (at https://dsalsrv04.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/app/pali_query.py?qs=%C4%80g%C4%81min&searchhws=yes).
- "Byāpāda". Pali Text Society Pali-English Dictionary. Retrieved November 17, 2018.
- Thomas Rhys Davids & William Stede (eds.) (1921-5). The Pali Text Society’s Pali–English Dictionary. Chipstead: Pali Text Society. A general on-line search engine for the PED is available at http://dsal.uchicago.edu/dictionaries/pali/.
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