An-Nasir Faraj

Al-Nasir Faraj or Nasir-ad-Din Faraj (Urdu; Arabic; Persian: ناصر الدین فرج ; r. 1399–1412 CE) also Faraj ibn Barquq was born in 1386 and succeeded his father Sayf-ad-Din Barquq as the second Sultan of the Burji dynasty of the Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt in July 1399 with the title Al-Nasir.[1] He was only thirteen years old when he became Sultan on the sudden death of his father.[1] His reign was marked by anarchy, pandemonium and chaos with invasions of Tamerlane (Timur Leng, or Timur Beg Gurkani), including the sack of Damascus in 1400, incessant rebellions in Cairo, endless conflicts with the Emirs of Syria (with the Sultan and also amongst themselves), along with plague and famine which reduced the population of the kingdom to one-third.[1]

An-Nasir Faraj
Khanqah of Farag ibn Barquq, photo by Hatem Moushir 3.jpg
Khanqah of An-Nasir Farag ibn Barquq
Sultan of Egypt and Syria
Reign1399–1405, 1405–1412
PredecessorBarquq (1x), Izz ad-Din Abd al-Aziz (2x)
SuccessorIzz ad-Din Abd al-Aziz (1x), Al-Musta'in (2x)
Bornc. 1386
Died23 May 1412(1412-05-23) (aged 25–26)
Damascus

In September 1405, Faraj was afraid from the surrounding conspiracies, so he escaped his rule and was replaced briefly by his brother Izz ad-Din Abd al-Aziz, then he regained his position in November the same year.[1]

During the end of his reign he became a tyrannical ruler which eventually led him into his seventh and final conflict with the Syrian Emirs at Baalbek. Defeated in battle he fled to the Citadel of Damascus.[1] Unable to escape, he surrendered and on May 23, 1412 he was stabbed to death in his prison cell by a hired assassin.[1] The Emirs placed on the throne as a temporary measure Caliph Al-Musta'in Billah.[1] Faraj was buried in Bab AL-Faradis cemetery in Damascus

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Muir, William (1896). The Mameluke; or, Slave dynasty of Egypt, 1260-1517, A. D. Smith, Elder. pp. 121128.
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Sayf-ad-Din Barquq
Mamluk Sultan of Egypt
1399–1405
Succeeded by
Izz ad-Din Abd al-Aziz
Preceded by
Izz ad-Din Abd al-Aziz
Mamluk Sultan of Egypt
1405–1412
Succeeded by
Al-Musta'in Billah