Amsterdam Trade Bank (ATB) is a commercial bank registered in The Netherlands. The bank focuses on providing trade financing for companies wishing to do business in former Soviet states. ATB is supervised by De Nederlandsche Bank and owned by the corporate treasury of Alfa Group.
|Ron Emerson (Chairman)|
Oren Bass (CEO)
|Revenue||€103.1 million (2010)|
|€32.8 million (2010)|
|€8.16 million (2010)|
Number of employees
The company was founded in 1994 through Alexander Smolensky as Stolichny Bank International, a subsidiary of the Russian SBS-AGRO Bank (Russian: СБС-Агро)[a] to provide trade financing for companies wishing to do business in former Soviet Union. In addition to the Netherlands branch, Stolichny Bank International had other international branches in Kazakhstan and Macedonia. Following the 1998 Russian financial crisis, SBS-AGRO, which was Russia's largest private bank, went through restructuring.
In 2001 it became a subsidiary of Russian private investment consortium Alfa Group through ABH Holdings S.A. a limited liability company (Luxembourg) and its subsidiary ABH Financial Limited which controls Alfa-Bank's assets in Russia, Netherlands, and Cyprus.[b] Amsterdam Trade Bank N.V. opened an internet branch in the Netherlands, Germany and Austria in 2003, 2006 and 2011, respectively. In October 2019, Mikhail Fridman admitted that through his Alfa-Bank he owns a minority stake in ATB.
In 2004 and again in 2007, an ATB account of the Bahamas company Sevenkey Limited, which is beneficially owned by Igor Shuvalov through his wife Olga Shuvalova and supported from the ALM Consulting (Russian: «АЛМ-Консалтинг») law firm which was founded by Alexander Mamut, was used to transfer very large sums of United States dollars with the Cyprus company Gallagher Holdings Limited, which is closely associated with Alisher Usmanov, and a Latvian bank account of the British Virgin Islands company Unicast Technologies Corporation, which is closely associated with Eugene Shvidler. Usmanov used the money from the 2004 transactions to purchase his stake in the Anglo-Dutch steel firm Corus Group.
In 2017 the international investigative journalist collaboration claimed ATB had aided in a money laundering scheme known as the Russian Laundromat, something the bank denied. Allegedly, $34.5 million moved through Amsterdam Trade Bank accounts. Paul Radu led the investigations into the money laundering.[c] It has since placed a heavier emphasis on its compliance department.
Acting directors of ATB in 2018 are:
There are also a number of non-acting directors in Supervisory Board.
- In 1996 after Stolichny Savings Bank (SBS) (Russian: Столичный банк сбережений, English Capital Savings Bank) bought the state-owned Agroprombank (Russian: Агропромбанк), SBS-AGRO was the new merger of the two banks.
- In 2015, ABH Holdings had four subsidiaries: ABH Financial Limited which controls assets in Russia, the Netherlands, and Cyprus and operates mainly through JSC Alfa-Bank; ABH Ukraine Limited; ABH Kazakhstan Limited; and ABH Belarus Limited.
- Between January 2011 and May 2015, more than $20 billion was laundered from 19 Russian banks associated with Igor Putin, Alexandr Grigoriev (Russian: Александр Григорьев; born 1971), and others through Moldovan bank accounts some of which were associated with Veaceslav Platon, Ruslan Rostovtsev (Russian: Руслан Ростовцев), and Ilan Shor's Shor Holding including the banks Banca de Economii S.E.M. (BES), BC Unibank S.A. (UB), and BC "Banca Sociala" S.A. (BS); then through Latvian banks such as ABLV Bank AS formerly known as Aiskrakles Banka, Latvijas Pasta Banka also known as the Latvian Postal Bank or the Latvijas Krājbanka, and Privatbank and Cypriot banks including the Spiros Latsis associated Eurobank EFG Cyprus, which was owned by European Financial Group (EFG) at the time, to Europe. The Russian Central Bank claimed that $75 billion by 500 persons through 60 Russian banks was moved from Russia abroad.
- Higgins, Andrew (4 October 2000). "A Russian Banker Rebounds By Outfoxing His Creditors". Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 21 March 2000. Retrieved 5 February 2021.
Archived website is in Russian.
- Скворцов, Ярослав (Skvortsov, Yaroslav) (19 May 2003). "Борьба за престол Александра Павловича" [Fight for the throne of Alexander Pavlovich]. Грани.ру (Grani.ru) (in Russian). Archived from the original on 20 May 2003. Retrieved 5 February 2021.
- "Moody's downgrades Amsterdam Trade Bank's deposit ratings to B2, negative outlook". Moody's. October 23, 2015.
- "ABH Holdings S.A. Luxembourg". Luxembourg At a Glance. 22 October 2015. Retrieved 5 February 2021. Check
- "Alfa-Bank: The Netherlands". Alfa-Bank website. March 2014. Archived from the original on 19 March 2014. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
- Злобин, Андрей (Zlobin, Andrey); Березанская, Елена (Berezanskaya, Elena) (21 October 2019). "Фамилия, имя, друзья Путина: как прошло заседание мадридского суда с участием Михаила Фридмана" [Surname, name, friends of Putin: how was the meeting of the Madrid court with the participation of Mikhail Fridman]. Forbes.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 5 February 2021.
- "Fridman niega ante el juez haber tenido capacidad decisoria alguna en las mercantiles implicadas en la asfixia de Zed" [Fridman denies before the judge having had any decision-making capacity in the mercantile companies involved in the asphyxia of Zed] (in Spanish). Europa Press. 21 October 2019. Archived from the original on 21 October 2019. Retrieved 5 February 2021.
- Alpert, Bill (3 December 2011). "How a Putin Aide Gained $119 Million". Barron's. Retrieved 25 January 2021.
- "A Golden Sevenkey". Wall Street Journal. December 2011. Archived from the original on 6 February 2021. Retrieved 5 February 2021.
- Иваницкая, Надежда (Ivanitskaya, Nadezhda) (3 May 2012). "Траст, который лопнул" [Trust that burst]. Forbes.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 5 February 2021.
- Weiss, Michael (29 October 2014). "The Kremlin's $220 Million Man: Igor Shuvalov, Russia's deputy prime minister, is supposed to have the cleanest hands in the Kremlin. So where'd he get a quarter of a billion dollars?". Foreign Policy. Archived from the original on 27 December 2014. Retrieved 5 February 2021.
- Janene Pieters (March 21, 2017). "Dutch banks accused of aiding Russian Money laundering scheme". NLTimes.
- Crezee, Bart; Goslinga, Maaike; Frederik, Jesse (23 March 2017). "Miljarden dollars aan Russisch witwasgeld belandden op Nederlandse en Europese rekeningen. Hoe zit dat precies?" [Billions of dollars in Russian money laundering ended up in Dutch and European accounts. How about that?]. De Correspondent (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 3 December 2020. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
- Whitmore, Brian (22 March 2017). "Black Cash And Black Ops". Radio Free Europe (RFE). Archived from the original on 27 March 2017. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
- "Laundromat: The Russian Laundromat Exposed". OCCRP. 20 March 2017. Archived from the original on 27 November 2020. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
- "Follow the Money, Follow the Banker". OCCRP. 14 October 2014. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
- Соловьев, Сергей (Soloviev, Sergey) (28 December 2018). "Тайны "молдавского ландромата". Угольщик Руслан Ростовцев отмывал деньги в "молдавской прачечной"?" [Secrets of the "Moldavian Laundromat". Was the coal miner Ruslan Rostovtsev laundering money in the “Moldavian laundry”?]. Новые Ведомости «NVdaily.ru» ("Novye Vedomosti") (in Russian). Archived from the original on 10 May 2019. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
- "Рязанский брат Президента России стал фигурантом международного скандала. В самой крупной операции по отмыванию денег в Восточной Европе замешан Игорь Путин" [Ryazan brother of the President of Russia became a defendant in an international scandal. Igor Putin implicated in largest money laundering operation in Eastern Europe]. Novaya Gazeta (in Russian). 21 March 2017. Archived from the original on 24 March 2017. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
- "Теневых дел мастер. Раскрыта преступная группа, которая вывела из страны $46 млрд" [Shadow Master. A criminal group that withdrew $46 billion from the country is revealed]. Kommersant (in Russian). 3 November 2015. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
- "Молдавская прачечная: как из России выводили $20 млрд. Центр по исследованию коррупции и организованной преступности (OCCRP) обнародовал новое расследование о выводе из России около $21 млрд. РБК разбирался, как работала преступная схема, затронувшая 732 банка в 96 странах мира" [Moldovan laundry: how $20 billion was withdrawn from Russia. The Organized Crime and Corruption Research Center (OCCRP) has released a new investigation into the withdrawal of about $21 billion from Russia. RBC investigated how the criminal scheme worked, affecting 732 banks in 96 countries.]. РБК (RBC) (in Russian). 21 March 2017. Retrieved 6 July 2021.