Amreli is a city and a municipality in Amreli district in Indian state of Gujarat.

Amreli
City
Amreli Tower
Amreli Tower
Amreli is located in Gujarat
Amreli
Amreli
Location in Gujarat, India
Amreli is located in India
Amreli
Amreli
Amreli (India)
Coordinates: 21°36′N 71°13′E / 21.60°N 71.22°E / 21.60; 71.22Coordinates: 21°36′N 71°13′E / 21.60°N 71.22°E / 21.60; 71.22
Country India
StateGujarat
DistrictAmreli
Government
 • BodyNagarpalika
Area
 • Total65 km2 (25 sq mi)
Elevation
128 m (420 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total117,967[1]
 • Estimate 
(2021)
146,014
 • Density1,815/km2 (4,700/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialGujarati
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
365601
Telephone code02792
Vehicle registrationGJ-14
Websitecollectoramreli.gujarat.gov.in

HistoryEdit

It is believed that during 534 AD Amreli existed was formerly known as Anumanji, Amlik and then Amravati. The city is named in ancient Gujrati as Amarvalli. It is learnt from the inscription that Nagnath temple that ancient name of Amreli city was Amarpalli. It was also called Girvanvalli. Amongst the remains of the ancient town are the memorial stones or paliyas[what language is this?] and foundations discovered in the fork of the Thebi and Vari rivers, and two old temples, Kamnath and Trimbaknath, on the west and east of the river.[2]

In the eighteenth century only the west and south of modern Amreli, still called Juni or Old Amreli, were inhabited. The old inner fort, called Juna Kot, was used as a jail, and the Juna Masjid near it, belong to the old town. Modern Amreli dates from 1793, when Vakhatsingh of Bhavnagar sacked the neighboring Kathi possession of Chital and drove many of its people to Amreli and Jetpur.[2]

Initially Amreli was the part of the former Gaekwad of Vadodara. Very little information on historical background is available for Amreli District prior to becoming part of erstwhile Baroda State.

When Damajirao Gaekwad, the Maratha general, came to Kathiawad in about 1730, three parties viz Kathis of Devalia carter, some Saiyads holding major part of Amreli. Obtained for the king of Delhi, and Faujdar of Junagadh, subordinate to suba of Ahmedabad, held sway. Damajirao and the Maratha forces defeated all three and levied tribute on all of them. Later Damajirao Gaekwad, established military camps at Amreli and Lathi in 1742–43 A.D. In 1800, the then Gaekwads appointed (1810–1815) Vithalrao Devaji (Dighe/Kathewad Diwanji) as Sar Subah of the Gaekwad's Kathiawad possessions. Vithalrao Devaji settled in Amreli and developed the city and its surrounding regions over the next 20 years. It was during this period that Amreli became a proper city. He built many works of public utility; among others, temples, offices, a market, and a dam for the water-supply of the town.[2] It was under Amreli-Okhamandal division, one of four divisions of Baroda State.[citation needed]

During the Gaekwad regime in 1886, compulsory and free education policy was adopted in Amreli for the first time. After Indian independence in 1947, the district became the part of Saurashtra State which was later merged with Bombay State in 1956. After bifurcation of Bombay State in 1960 into Gujarat and Maharashtra, it became part of Gujarat under Amreli district.[citation needed]

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Amreli (1981–2010, extremes 1973–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 36.6
(97.9)
39.0
(102.2)
43.6
(110.5)
45.6
(114.1)
46.2
(115.2)
45.6
(114.1)
39.1
(102.4)
38.6
(101.5)
40.1
(104.2)
42.1
(107.8)
38.2
(100.8)
36.6
(97.9)
46.2
(115.2)
Average high °C (°F) 29.6
(85.3)
32.1
(89.8)
36.5
(97.7)
40.1
(104.2)
40.6
(105.1)
37.2
(99.0)
32.6
(90.7)
31.1
(88.0)
33.0
(91.4)
35.2
(95.4)
33.1
(91.6)
30.7
(87.3)
34.3
(93.7)
Average low °C (°F) 11.5
(52.7)
14.0
(57.2)
18.7
(65.7)
22.6
(72.7)
25.2
(77.4)
26.3
(79.3)
25.1
(77.2)
24.2
(75.6)
23.2
(73.8)
21.0
(69.8)
16.5
(61.7)
12.7
(54.9)
20.1
(68.2)
Record low °C (°F) 1.6
(34.9)
3.5
(38.3)
9.1
(48.4)
14.1
(57.4)
18.0
(64.4)
20.6
(69.1)
21.4
(70.5)
21.1
(70.0)
18.1
(64.6)
14.4
(57.9)
9.1
(48.4)
4.1
(39.4)
1.6
(34.9)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
1.5
(0.06)
7.2
(0.28)
98.0
(3.86)
205.3
(8.08)
128.5
(5.06)
97.4
(3.83)
17.5
(0.69)
6.2
(0.24)
0.0
(0.0)
561.8
(22.12)
Average rainy days 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.7 4.2 8.9 7.0 4.3 1.0 0.4 0.0 26.6
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 27 21 20 19 27 52 68 72 62 39 32 29 39
Source: India Meteorological Department[3][4]

AttractionsEdit

Most part of the commercial area is called Tower Road stretching from Tower to the Main Bus stand and further to Gopi Cinema.

  • Nagnath Temple (built by Vithalrao Devaji)
  • Shree Swaminarayan Mahila Sanskar Kendra
  • Balaji Hanuman Temple
  • Rokadiya Hanuman Temple
  • Gebansha Peer Dargah
  • Kamnath & Mahadev Temple
  • Tower of Amreli
  • Swaminarayan Temple
  • Trimandir - This temple concept was developed by Param Pujya Dada Bhagwan. Within the temple a tall and attractive idol of Shree Simandhar Swami resides.[5]
  • Dwarkadhish Haveli
  • Jafari Mazaar (Bohra Dargah of Jafarji Moala)
  • Siddhi Vinayak Temple
  • Guru Datta Temple
  • Sai Baba Temple (Sardarnagar)
  • Gayatri Temple
  • Sukhnath Mahadev Temple
  • Rameshwar mahadev Temple
  • Mahatma Muldas Bapu Dham
  • Jivan Mukteshwar Temple
  • Balaji Hanumanji (Rangpur Road)
  • Palace of King
  • Shri Girdharilal Sangrahalaya Children Museum and Computer Education Centre (E-Library)
  • Gandhi Baugh (Gandhi Garden)
  • Kailash Muktidham
  • Kamani Forward High School
  • Kamani Science & Prataprai Arts College[6]

Attractions (Surrounding Amreli)Edit

  • Tapasvini Pujya Vasant Didi Ashram, Liliya Mota
  • Shri Bhojalram Dham or Bhojaldham near Fatepur, located 7 km southerly to Amreli
  • Pavan dham gaushala, Mota Ankadiya
  • Garaneshvar Mahadev Temple, Garni
  • Mini kedariya of katrodi gam or village
  • Hanumanji Temple, Charan Pipali.
  • Bhurakhiya Hanuman Temple, Lathi[7]
  • Pania Wildlife Sanctuary, Gir
  • Swaminarayan Gurukul, Taravada
  • Dhari Khodiyar Dam & Galadhara Khodiyar Mata Temple, Dhari
  • Balmukund haveli, Dharai
  • Dhari Gir National sanctuary, Gir
  • Yogiji Temple, Dhari
  • Dan gigave ashram and temple or Danevdham, Chalala[8]
  • Shree balkrishnalallji ni haveli Babra
  • Varhaswarup Temple, Jafrabad
  • Sarkeshwar Mahadev Temple, Jafrabad
  • Ratneshwar Mahadev Temple, Jafrabad
  • Lunasapuriya Temple, Jafrabad
  • Shiyal bet, Jafrabad
  • Jafrabad Fort, Jafrabad
  • Pipavav Port, Rajula
  • Pipavav Dham, Rajula
  • Ballad Mata Mandir, Rajula
  • Chanch Bungalow, Rajula
  • UltraTech Cement Factory, Rajula
  • Sana Vakya Caves, Timbi
  • Hanuman Gala, Khambha
  • Pandav Kund, Babra
  • Dadva Randal Mata Temple, Babra
  • Varahi Mata Temple, Savarkundla
  • Varudi Mata Temple, Amarpur (Varudi)
  • There is a well near the Government offices, called Bakshi-kua from Nana Bakshi in the time of Vithalrao, who built it.[2]
  • The Mir Sahib's Haveli was erected about 1850 by Mir Sarfardz Ali; former manager of Amreli, for his own residence.[2]

Notable peopleEdit

DemographicsEdit

As of 2001 India census,[11] Amreli had a population of 90,243. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Amreli has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 55% of the males and 45% of females literate. 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

  • Area – 6,760 km².
  • District Population – 15,14,000
  • City Population – 2,75,000
  • Male Literacy – 81.82%
  • Female Literacy – 66.97%
  • Headquarters – Amreli
  • Talukas – 11
  • Villages – 595

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Amreli City Census 2011 data". Retrieved 9 March 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency: Kathiawar (Public Domain text). VIII. Printed at the Government Central Press, Bombay. 1884. pp. 366–367.
  3. ^ "Station: Amreli Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 43–44. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  4. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M48. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  5. ^ http://www.trimandir.org/list-of-trimandirs/amreli-trimandir/
  6. ^ https://amrelidp.gujarat.gov.in/amreli/english/index.htm
  7. ^ http://www.bhurakhiadada.com
  8. ^ http://www.danevdham.org/
  9. ^ "Diwali Incentives: I'm a School Dropout, Says Surat Diamond Merchant". International Business Times, India Edition. Retrieved 11 November 2015.
  10. ^ "Diwali bonanza: Surat boss gifts cars, flats and jewellery as bonus to his employees". Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. Retrieved 11 November 2015.
  11. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.

External linksEdit

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency: Kathiawar. VIII. Printed at the Government Central Press, Bombay. 1884. pp. 366–367.