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Ampleforth Abbey is a monastery of Benedictine Monks a mile to the east of Ampleforth, North Yorkshire, England, part of the English Benedictine Congregation. It claims descent from the pre-Reformation community at Westminster Abbey through the last surviving monk from Westminster Sigebert Buckley (c. 1520 - c. 1610).

Ampleforth Abbey
The Abbey Church of St Laurence, Ampleforth
Ampleforth Abbey - geograph.org.uk - 25915.jpg
Ampleforth Abbey is located in North Yorkshire
Ampleforth Abbey
Ampleforth Abbey
Location of within North Yorkshire
54°12′06″N 1°05′05″W / 54.2018°N 1.0847°W / 54.2018; -1.0847Coordinates: 54°12′06″N 1°05′05″W / 54.2018°N 1.0847°W / 54.2018; -1.0847
OS grid referenceSE598788
LocationAmpleforth, North Yorkshire
CountryEngland
DenominationCatholic Church
WebsiteAbbey.Ampleforth.org.uk
History
StatusAbbey
Founded1802
Founder(s)Lady Anne Fairfax
DedicationSt Lawrence the Martyr
Architecture
Functional statusActive
Heritage designationGrade I[1]
Designated9 September 1985[1]
Administration
DeaneryCentral
DioceseMiddlesbrough
ProvinceLiverpool
Clergy
AbbotFr Cuthbert Madden OSB

HistoryEdit

 
College buildings

The Abbey was founded in a house given to Father Anselm Bolton by Lady Anne Fairfax, daughter of Charles Gregory Fairfax, 9th Viscount Fairfax of Emley.[2][3][4] This house was taken over by Dr. Brewer, President of the Congregation, 30 July 1802. The community, since leaving Dieulouard in Lorraine, where its members had joined with Spanish and Cassinese Benedictines to form the monastery of St Laurence, had been successively at Acton Burnell, Tranmere, Scholes, Vernon Hall, and Parbold Hall, under its superior Dr. Marsh.

On its migration to Ampleforth Lodge, Dr. Marsh remained at Parbold and Father Appleton was elected the first prior of the new monastery. Shortly afterwards Parbold was broken up and the boys of the school there transferred to Ampleforth. The priory was erected into an abbey, in 1890, by the Bull "Diuquidem". and has an important and flourishing college attached to it. John Cuthbert Hedley, Bishop of Newport, was an alumnus, as well a superior of Ampleforth, Abbot Smith. The monastery was finished in 1897.[5]

 
Coat of Arms

Coat of armsEdit

Blazon: Per fesse dancetté Or and Azure a chief per pale Gules and of the second charged on the dexter with two keys in saltire Or and Argent and on the sinister with a Cross Flory between five martlets of the first. (College of Arms, London 1922). Ensigned with an abbot's crosier in pale behind the shield Or garnished with a pallium crossing the staff argent and a galero with cords and twelve tassels disposed on either side of the shield in three rows of one, two, and three all Sable.

List of AbbotsEdit

  • 1900–1924: Oswald Smith OSB
  • 1924–1939: Edmund Matthews OSB
  • 1939–1963: Herbert Byrne OSB
  • 1963–1976: Basil Hume OSB
  • 1976–1984: Ambrose Griffiths OSB
  • 1984–1997: Patrick Barry OSB[6]
  • 1997–2005: Timothy Wright OSB
  • 2005–present: Cuthbert Madden OSB

Ampleforth CollegeEdit

The monastery set up a school at Ampleforth in 1802. It is now the co-educational independent boarding school Ampleforth College, with about 600 students.

ParishesEdit

In addition to the work at Ampleforth, some of the monks are sent as parish priests to parishes, mostly in Lancashire.

Permanent Private HallEdit

Ampleforth has a Permanent Private Hall at St Benet's Hall, Oxford, which was founded for the purpose of letting monks study for secular degrees. It now accepts lay undergraduates and graduates, as well as monastic members.

Saint LouisEdit

Ampleforth set up a daughter house, the priory at St. Louis, Missouri in 1955. The priory gained independence in 1973 and became Saint Louis Abbey in its own right in 1989.

ZimbabweEdit

In 1996, Ampleforth set up the community of Christ the Word in Zimbabwe which has approximately four or five members of the community in residence at any one time. The present Abbot makes it a point to spend at least three months of the year at this monastery.

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Historic England. "The Abbey Church (1315767)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 July 2017.
  2. ^ Turner, Bede. "The Story of the Abbey Land" (PDF). Monastery Library & Archives. Ampleforth Abbey. Retrieved 8 August 2012.
  3. ^ "Hon. Anne Fairfax". thepeerage.com. Retrieved 8 August 2012.
  4. ^ "Fairfax, Viscount (I, 1629 - 1772)". Cracroft's Peerage. Archived from the original on 13 May 2012. Retrieved 8 August 2012.
  5. ^ The Abbey of Ampleforth. Catholic Encyclopedia (1913).
  6. ^ "Our Benedictine Connection - Abbot Patrick Barry, OSB". Le Mée Studies. Archived from the original on 1 June 2010. Retrieved 21 August 2009.

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "The Abbey of Ampleforth" . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.

External linksEdit