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Ampato (possibly from Quechua hamp'atu[1] or from Aymara jamp'atu[2] both meaning "frog") is a dormant 6,288-metre (20,630 ft) stratovolcano in the Andes of southern Peru, about 100 km (60 mi) northwest of Arequipa. It is part of a 20 km (12 mi) north-south chain of three major stratovolcanoes, including the extinct and eroded 6,025 m (19,767 ft) volcano Hualca Hualca at the northern end and the active 5,976 m (19,606 ft) cone of Sabancaya in the middle.

Aerial view of Ampato (back) from the northeast, with the active volcano Sabancaya in front.
Highest point
Elevation 6,288 m (20,630 ft)
Prominence 1,997 m (6,552 ft)
Listing Ultra
Coordinates 15°49′S 71°53′W / 15.817°S 71.883°W / -15.817; -71.883Coordinates: 15°49′S 71°53′W / 15.817°S 71.883°W / -15.817; -71.883
Ampato is located in Peru
Location Arequipa, Peru
Parent range Andes
Mountain type Stratovolcano
Volcanic belt Central Volcanic Zone
Last eruption Unknown
First ascent Inca, pre-Columbian
Easiest route snow / glacier climb

In September 1995, the rapidly retreating glacier near the summit of Ampato revealed the frozen mummified body of an Inca girl, killed by a blow to the head about 500 years ago. The mummy, later called the "Ice Maiden" and nicknamed "Juanita", was recovered by an expedition led by American archaeologist Dr. Johan Reinhard. In October 1995 and December 1997, Reinhard and Peruvian archaeologist Jose Antonio Chavez directed expeditions that led to the recovery of three further mummies above 5,800 m (19,000 ft).


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Yachakuqkunapa Simi Qullqa - Qusqu Qullaw. Qhichwa Simipi (monolingual Quechua and bilingual Quechua-Spanish dictionary)
  2. ^ Radio San Gabriel, "Instituto Radiofonico de Promoción Aymara" (IRPA) 1993, Republicado por Instituto de las Lenguas y Literaturas Andinas-Amazónicas (ILLLA-A) 2011, Transcripción del Vocabulario de la Lengua Aymara, P. Ludovico Bertonio 1612 (Spanish-Aymara-Aymara-Spanish dictionary)

Further readingEdit

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