Amparo Muñoz Quesada (Vélez-Málaga, 21 June 1954 – Málaga, 27 February 2011) was a Spanish actress, model and controversial beauty queen who won the Miss Universe 1974 competition, being the first and only Spaniard titleholder in this line of pageants.
Amparo Muñoz Quesada
21 June 1954
|Died||27 February 2011 (aged 56)|
|Occupation||Beauty Queen |
|Title||Miss Spain 1973|
Miss Universe 1974
|Beauty pageant titleholder|
|Hair color||Light brown|
|Miss Spain 1973|
Miss Universe 1974
Muñoz surrendered both the title and crown after six months due to refusal to follow organizational regulations. During that time, no successor was willing nor assigned to officially take her vacated placement.
After her shortened reign, Muñoz became a popular actress and starred in several comedies, including Mama Turns 100, and in the dramas Clara es el Precio, The Other Bedroom and Dedicatory. She died on 27 February 2011 due to undeclared issues. Among pageant connoisseurs, her life events were often tangled in mysterious claims, leading to conspiracy theories of mental depression, and urban legend hysteria.
Amparo Muñoz came from the town of Vélez-Málaga (Málaga) in Andalusia, where she had won the city title, to compete at the Miss Spain contest held in Lanzarote. After winning, she went on to win the Miss Universe 1974 pageant in Manila, Philippines. She gave up her crown later that year after she refused to travel in Japan. However, the Miss Universe Organization decided that Muńoz will still remain as the official titleholder of Miss Universe 1974 since the title was not offered to 1st runner-up Miss Wales Helen Elizabeth Morgan who eventually won Miss World 1974 later that year only to be dethroned few days after winning the crown.
After her victory in the world of beauty, the world of cinema took interest in her. Her first steps in the world of film came in 1973 with in Wholesome Married Life, directed by Roberto Bodegas and written by José Luis Garci, she played the temptress of José Sacristán, a married man obsessed with publicity. In Tocata y fuga de Lolita she was the rebellious girl who displayed her beautiful bust, a big contributor to the movie’s popularity. In the 70’s, Spanish cinema was at the height of destape [double meaning: “liberalization” and “nudity”], and the splendid figure of Amparo Muñoz found 9 titles in which to reveal itself, including Clara es el Precio (Vicente Aranda, 1975), and The Other Bedroom (Eloy de la Iglesia, 1976), in which Amparo starred alongside the man who would be her first husband, the actor and singer Patxi Andión.
After appearances in Volvoreta (José Antonio Nieves Conde, 1976), Del amor y de la muerte (Antonio Giménez Rico, 1977), among other films, her cinematic career took a notable turn when she began a relationship with the producer Elías Querejeta, facilitating her appearances in films as important as Dedicatory (Jaime Chávarri, 1980), which called her to the attention of other directors in both Spain and Mexico, such as Felipe Cazals (Las siete cucas ), Pilar Miró (We Will Speak Tonight), Jaime Camino (The Open Balcony), Emilio Martínez Lázaro (Lulú of the Night), Imanol Uribe (The Black Moon). She became an instant celebrity in Spain, alongside the likes of Nino Bravo, Pedro Carrasco, Rocío Dúrcal, Rocío Jurado, Camilo Sesto, La Pandilla and other Spanish celebrities of the 1970s, following her victory at Miss Universe with a fruitful show business career.
In 1979, Muñoz acted in the comedy Mama Turns 100, by Carlos Saura. This was followed by performances in 1982's Todo un Hombre (He's all a Man), 1999's A Paradise Under the Stars and 2003's El Tahur. In the late-1990s, she returned to mainstream Spanish cinema with the movie Familia, by Fernando León de Aranoa and started a new life as an actress.
In later years, Muñoz ventured to live in the Philippines, thereby disappearing from film for seven years (1989-1996), but eventually her immediate family requested her return to Spain, during which began the alleged melancholia and extreme mental depression of Muñoz. In Spain, latent public accusations of mental depression, HIV diagnosis, drug addiction, claims of secret prostitution, Parkinson’s disease, coupled with poverty and melancholia ravaged Muñoz’ public image, along with the advanced physical age allegedly causing emotional shame and her imminent withdrawal from society.
The most significant extramarital relationship of Muñoz's life was with Elías Querejeta. She met Querejeta on the set of Mamá cumple cien años, which was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film at the 52nd Academy Awards. The relationship has subsequently received much publicity. Querejeta remained married to his wife throughout their relationship; although he and his wife had been living separate lives, there was never an official split and neither party pursued a divorce.
Accordingly, Muñoz as a mistress, did not interfere to break this union, and also never fought for possibility marriage or conjugal properties.
Muñoz died on 27 February 2011, at age 56 of undeclared causes. Her gravestone is marked at the Roman Catholic cemetery of Saint Michael in Malaga, Spain.
|1976||Las aventuras del Hada Rebeca|
|1982||Sonata de estío||Niña Chole|
|1987||Vida privada||Concha Pujol|
|1993||Los cuentos de Borges||Gracia|
|2011||El cas de la núvia dividida||Sra. Hardisson|
|2000||La habitación del hotel||Shelly|
- "Amparo Muñoz muere a los 56 años". El Periódico de Catalunya. EFE. August 28, 2014. Retrieved 1 March 2011.
- "Muere en Málaga a los 56 años Amparo Muñoz, actriz española y Miss Universo en 1974". esperantia.com. February 28, 2011. Retrieved 28 February 2011.
- "Amparo Muñoz pagó su vida en el pozo de la droga". libertaddigital. Retrieved 26 February 2018.
- "Elías Querejeta, el hombre que luchó por salvar a Amparo Muñoz de la droga". ABC. Retrieved 26 February 2018.
- "The 52nd Academy Awards (1980) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 2013-06-08.