Amos Claudius Sawyer (born 15 June 1945) is a Liberian politician and academic who served as president of Liberia from 22 November 1990 to 7 March 1994. He was voted in by 35 leaders representing seven political parties and eleven interest groups.[1]

Amos Claudius Sawyer Luchin
Interim President of Liberia
In office
22 November 1990 – 7 March 1994
Vice PresidentRoland Diggs (1990–1991)
Peter Naigow (1991)
Vacant (1991–1994)
Preceded bySamuel Doe
Succeeded byDavid D. Kpormakpor
Personal details
Born (1945-06-15) 15 June 1945 (age 76)
Sinoe County, Liberia
Political partyLiberian People's Party

BiographyEdit

Amos Claudius Sawyer was born in 1945 to Abel and Sarah Sawyer; his siblings include Joe Sawyer. The Sawyers were a prominent family in Sinoe County, with free African-American ancestors who came as colonists to what was called "Maryland in Africa", founded by the Maryland Colonization Society. The colony became independent as the Republic of Maryland before joining Liberia in 1857.[2]

Sawyer was educated in local schools and was a 1966 graduate of Liberia College (now the University of Liberia) He traveled to the United States for graduate work, earning M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in political science from Northwestern University in metropolitan Chicago, Illinois.[3]

After his return, Dr. Sawyer worked as an academic, but also became an activist and politician. He ran for the position of Mayor of Monrovia, the capital, as an independent rather than within the True Whig Party.[3] The latter had dominated the country for more than 100 years.

After the 1980 coup d'état, Sawyer returned to academia for a time, taking a position as a professor of political science at the University of Liberia. In December 1980, he was appointed Dean of the College of Social Sciences and acting director of the University.[4]

He was a founding member of the Movement for Justice in Africa (MOJA) and in 1983 founded the Liberian People's Party. In the period after the abduction (and eventual murder) of president Samuel Doe, from 9 September 1990 until 22 November 1990, principal mutineer Prince Johnson and co-conspirator Charles Taylor both made claims on the presidency. In late August an emergency conference was held in The Gambia by a delegation of 35 Liberians representing seven political parties and eleven interest groups. They voted Sawyer as interim president and Bishop Roland Diggs as vice-president, to establish a government.[5]

In 1992, Sawyer wrote The Emergence of Autocracy in Liberia: Tragedy and Challenge, in this book, he depicts how dictatorial control rose up out of a custom of patrimonial power, with the privileges of administration tirelessly brought together and amassed in the possession of progressive presidents. This example of absolutism, which was not in itself oppressive, finished in the military tyranny.[6][7]

Such leaders extended Sawyer's one-year appointment for four years during the civil war fought against rebels led largely by Taylor, Johnson, and David Nimley. In 1994, Sawyer was forced to step down as a part of the peace process, and subsequently the role of official leader of Liberia was held not by the president, but by the Chairmen of the Council of State. Fighting sparked again in 1996, and continued during Charles Taylor's presidency from 1997 to 2003.

Sawyer returned to the US for a period, invited to serve as Associate Director and Research Scholar, Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis in the Department of Political Science at Indiana University in Bloomington, Indiana.

Sawyer is Chairman of the Governance Reform Commission in Liberia, which has recently become the Governance Commission. His book, Beyond Plunder: Toward Democratic Governance in Liberia (2005), explored the development of multi-party democracy in the country. He supported Ellen Johnson Sirleaf in the October 2005 and 2011 elections.

Legacy and honorsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Honoree: Search Awards: University Honors & Awards: Indiana University". honorsandawards.iu.edu. Retrieved 2020-07-16.
  2. ^ Guannu, Joseph Saye (1977). Liberian History Before 1857: A Reference for Elementary Pupils. Exposition Press. ISBN 978-0-682-48868-6.
  3. ^ a b "Sawyer Appointed Acting Dean," The Sunday People 1979-12-02: 1.
  4. ^ "Dr. Amos Sawyer Get [sic] Top Academic Post," New Liberian 1980-12-05: 8.
  5. ^ "'Peer review' and civil society keep African leaders on their toes". Africa Renewal. 2012-01-16. Retrieved 2020-07-16.
  6. ^ Sawyer, Amos (1992). The Emergence of Autocracy in Liberia: Tragedy and Challenge. ISBN 1558151648.
  7. ^ Sawyer, Amos (1992). The emergence of autocracy in Liberia: tragedy and challenge. ISBN 978-1-55815-164-2. OCLC 24701327.

External linksEdit

Preceded by President of the Interim Government of National Unity
1990–1994
Succeeded by