Open main menu

Amnesiac is the fifth studio album by the English rock band Radiohead, released in June 2001 by Parlophone. Recorded with producer Nigel Godrich alongside Radiohead's previous album Kid A (2000), Amnesiac incorporates similar influences of electronic music, 20th-century classical music, jazz and krautrock. Only one track was recorded after Kid A: "Life in a Glasshouse", a collaboration with the Humphrey Lyttelton Band.

Amnesiac
Radiohead - Amnesiac cover.png
Studio album by
Released5 June 2001
RecordedJanuary 1999 – April 2000
Genre
Length43:57
Label
Producer
Radiohead chronology
Kid A
(2000)
Amnesiac
(2001)
I Might Be Wrong: Live Recordings
(2001)
Radiohead studio album chronology
Kid A
(2000)
Amnesiac
(2001)
Hail to the Thief
(2003)
Singles from Amnesiac
  1. "Pyramid Song"
    Released: 16 May 2001
  2. "I Might Be Wrong"
    Released: 4 June 2001 (promotional)
  3. "Knives Out"
    Released: 6 August 2001

After having released no commercial singles from Kid A, Radiohead released two from Amnesiac, accompanied by music videos: "Pyramid Song", "Knives Out". Amnesiac debuted at number one on the UK Albums Chart and number two on the US Billboard 200. By October 2008, it had sold over 900,000 copies worldwide.

Though it disappointed some hoping for a return to Radiohead's earlier rock sound, Amnesiac was named one of the best albums of 2001 by numerous publications. It was nominated for the Mercury Prize and several Grammy Awards, winning for Best Recording Package for the special edition. "Pyramid Song" was ranked one of the best tracks of the decade by Rolling Stone, the NME and Pitchfork. In 2012, Rolling Stone ranked Amnesiac number 320 in their updated version of The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time.

RecordingEdit

 
The Humphrey Lyttelton Band performed on "Life in a Glasshouse".

Radiohead and producer Nigel Godrich recorded Amnesiac during the same sessions as its predecessor, Kid A, released in October 2000.[1] The sessions took place from January 1999 to mid-2000 in Paris, Copenhagen, and in Radiohead's Oxfordshire studio.[2][3] Radiohead incorporated influences from electronic music, 20th-century classical music, jazz and krautrock, using synthesisers, ondes Martenot, drum machines, strings and brass.[1] The strings, arranged by guitarist Jonny Greenwood, were performed by the Orchestra of St John's and recorded in Dorchester Abbey, a 12th-century church close to Radiohead's studio.[4][5] Drummer Philip Selway said the sessions had "two frames of mind ... a tension between our old approach of all being in a room playing together and the other extreme of manufacturing music in the studio. I think Amnesiac comes out stronger in the band-arrangement way."[5]

The sessions produced more than 20 finished tracks. Radiohead considered releasing them as a double album, but felt the material was too dense.[6] Singer Thom Yorke said Radiohead split the work into two albums because "they cancel each other out as overall finished things. They come from two different places, I think ... In some weird way I think Amnesiac gives another take on Kid A, a form of explanation."[7] The band stressed that they saw Amnesiac not as a collection of B-sides or outtakes from Kid A but an album in its own right.[8]

Only one track, "Life in a Glasshouse", was recorded after Kid A was released. In late 2000, Greenwood wrote to jazz trumpeter Humphrey Lyttelton to ask the Humphrey Lyttelton Band to play on the song, explaining that Radiohead were "a bit stuck".[9] Greenwood told Mojo: "We realised that we couldn't play jazz. You know, we've always been a band of great ambition with limited playing abilities."[10] Lyttelton agreed to help after his daughter showed him Radiohead's 1997 album OK Computer.[9] According to Lyttelton, Radiohead "didn't want it to sound like a slick studio production but a slightly exploratory thing of people playing as if they didn't have it all planned out in advance".[9] The song was recorded over a seven-hour session, and left Lyttelton exhausted: "I detected some sort of eye-rolling at the start of the session, as if to say we were miles apart. They went through quite a few nervous breakdowns during the course of it all, just through trying to explain to us all what they wanted."[9]

Music and lyricsEdit

"I read that the gnostics believe when we are born we are forced to forget where we have come from in order to deal with the trauma of arriving in this life. I thought this was really fascinating. It's like the river of forgetfulness. [Amnesiac] may have been recorded at the same time [as Kid A] ... but it comes from a different place I think. It sounds like finding an old chest in someone's attic with all these notes and maps and drawings and descriptions of going to a place you cannot remember."

—Songwriter Thom Yorke[11]

Amnesiac incorporates experimental rock,[12] electronica,[13] and alternative rock.[14] Bassist Colin Greenwood said it had "more traditional Radiohead-type songs together with more experimental, non-lyrical based instrumental-type stuff as well".[15] "Packt Like Sardines in a Crushd Tin Box" is an electronic song built from compressed loops,[16] with vocals manipulated with the pitch-correcting software Auto-Tune to create a "nasal, depersonalised sound".[1]

"Pyramid Song" was inspired by the Charles Mingus song "Freedom",[17] with lyrics inspired by an exhibition of ancient Egyptian underworld art Yorke attended while the band was recording in Copenhagen[8] and ideas of cyclical time discussed by Stephen Hawking and Buddhism.[8] Selway said the song "ran counter to what had come before in Radiohead in lots of ways ... The constituent parts are all quite simple, but I think the way that they then blend gives real depth to the song."[18]

"Pulk/Pull Revolving Doors", an electronic track, was built on a Roland MC-505 groovebox.[16] It incorporates loops recorded in the OK Computer sessions,[16] including elements of a version of "True Love Waits",[19] a song Radiohead did not complete until their ninth album, A Moon Shaped Pool (2016).[20] The band disabled the erase heads on the tape recorders so that the tape repeatedly recorded over itself, creating a "ghostly" loop.[16] They used Auto-Tune to process Yorke's speech into melody; according to Yorke, the software "desperately tries to search for the music in your speech, and produces notes at random. If you've assigned it a key, you've got music."[1]

Yorke said "You and Whose Army?" was "about someone who is elected into power by people and who then blatantly betrays them – just like Blair did".[17] Attempting to capture the "soft, warm, proto-doowop sound" of the 1940s harmony group the Ink Spots, Radiohead muffled microphones with eggboxes and used the ondes Martenot's resonating palme diffuseur loudspeaker to treat the vocals.[1]

"I Might Be Wrong" combines a "venomous" guitar riff with a "trance-like metallic beat". Colin Greenwood's bassline was inspired by Chic bassist Bernard Edwards.[17] The lyric "never look back" came from advice given to Yorke by his partner, Rachel Owen: "Be proud of what you've done. Don't look back and just carry on like nothing's happened. Just let the bad stuff go."[17] According to a studio diary kept by guitarist Ed O'Brien, "Knives Out" took 373 days to record, "a ridiculously long gestation period for any song".[2] It was influenced by the guitar work of Johnny Marr of the Smiths.[21]

"Morning Bell/Amnesiac" is an alternative version of "Morning Bell" from Kid A. O'Brien said that Radiohead often record and abandon different versions of songs, but that this version was "strong enough to bear hearing again".[22] Yorke wrote that it was included "because it came from such a different place ... Because we only found it again by accident after having forgotten about it. Because it sounds like a recurring dream. It felt right."[23]

"Dollars and Cents" was edited down from an eleven-minute jam, using an editing approach inspired by krautrock band Can.[1] Colin Greenwood played a record by jazz musician Alice Coltrane over the recording, inspiring his brother Jonny to write a "Coltrane-style" string arrangement.[16] Yorke said the lyrics were "gibberish", but inspired by the notion that "people are basically just pixels on a screen, unknowingly serving this higher power which is manipulative and destructive".[17]

 
Jonny Greenwood used the ondes Martenot, an early electronic instrument. Its resonating palme diffuseur loudspeaker (pictured centre) was used to treat the vocals on "You and Whose Army?".

"Hunting Bears" is a short instrumental on electric guitar and synthesiser.[24] "Like Spinning Plates" was constructed from components of another song, "I Will", which Radiohead had tried to record in the same sessions. Unsatisfied with the results, which Yorke described as "dodgy Kraftwerk",[25] the band reversed the recording and used it to create a new track. Yorke said: "We'd turned the tape around, and I was in another room, heard the vocal melody coming backwards, and thought, 'That's miles better than the right way round', then spent the rest of the night trying to learn the melody."[1] Yorke sang the lyrics backwards; this recording was in turn reversed, creating vocals with lyrics that sound reversed.[16] "I Will" was released in a new arrangement on Radiohead's subsequent album Hail to the Thief (2003).[26]

"Life in a Glasshouse" features the Humphrey Lyttelton Band playing in the style of a New Orleans jazz funeral.[27] According to Lyttelton, the song starts with "ad-libbed, bluesy, minor-key meandering, then it gradually gets so that we're sort of playing real wild, primitive, New Orleans blues stuff".[9] The lyrics were inspired by a news story Yorke read of a celebrity's wife so harassed by paparazzi that she papered her house windows with their photographs.[17]

Artwork and packagingEdit

Amnesiac's cover art was created by Yorke and longtime Radiohead collaborator Stanley Donwood.[28] It depicts a weeping minotaur of Greek mythology on the cover of a book.[29] Donwood said the artwork was inspired by "taking the train to London, getting lost and taking notes". Likening London to the mythological labyrinth, he saw the city as "an imaginary prison, a place where you can walk around and you are the Minotaur of London, we are all the monsters, we are all half-human, half-beast".[29]

Donwood also designed a special edition package with a hardback CD case in the style of a mislaid library book. He imagined that "someone made these pages in a book and it went into drawer in a desk and was forgotten about in the attic ... And visually and musically the album is about finding the book and opening the pages."[29] The special edition won a Grammy Award for Best Recording Package at the 44th Grammy Awards.[30]

Promotion and tourEdit

Radiohead announced Amnesiac on their website in January 2001, three months after the release of Kid A.[31] After having released no singles from Kid A,[5] Radiohead released three from Amnesiac: "Pyramid Song" in May,[32] followed by "I Might Be Wrong" (radio only) in June[33] and "Knives Out" in July,[34] backed by music videos.[5] In June 2001, Radiohead began the Amnesiac tour, incorporating their first North American tour in three years.[35] Recordings from the Kid A and Amnesiac tours are included on the EP I Might Be Wrong: Live Recordings, released in November 2001.[24]

SalesEdit

Amnesiac debuted at number two on the US Billboard 200 with sales of 231,000, surpassing Radiohead's 207,000 first-week sales of Kid A.[36] It was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of Japan for shipments of 100,000 copies across Japan.[37] By October 2008, Amnesiac had sold over 900,000 copies worldwide.[38]

ReceptionEdit

Professional ratings
Aggregate scores
SourceRating
Metacritic75/100[39]
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic     [40]
Entertainment WeeklyC+[41]
The Guardian     [42]
Los Angeles Times    [43]
NME8/10[44]
Pitchfork9.0/10[45]
Q     [46]
Rolling Stone     [47]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide     [48]
Spin7/10[49]

After Radiohead's previous album, Kid A, had divided listeners, many hoped for a return to their earlier rock sound for Amnesiac.[50][45] The Guardian titled its review "Relax: it's nothing like Kid A".[50] However, Rolling Stone saw it as a further distancing from Radiohead's earlier, "Britpop-like" style,[47] and Pitchfork found that "Amnesiac is about as close to The Bends as Miss Cleo is to Jamaican".[45] Stylus critic Mike Powell wrote that although Amnesiac was "slightly more straightforward" than Kid A, it "solidified the postmillennial model of Radiohead: less songs and more atmosphere, more eclectic and electronic, more paranoid, more threatening, more sublime".[51]

Robert Hilburn of the Los Angeles Times felt that Amnesiac, compared to Kid A, was "a richer, more engaging record, its austerity and troubled vision enriched by a rousing of the human spirit".[43] The Guardian named Amnesiac "CD of the week".[50] Critic Alex Petridis, who had disliked Kid A, felt Amnesiac was superior, writing that it "strikes a cunning and rewarding balance between experimentation and quality control. It's hardly easy to digest but nor is it impossible to swallow."[50] He criticised the electronic tracks "Pulk/Pull Revolving Doors" and "Like Spinning Plates" as self-indulgent, but felt they were "overshadowed by haunting musical shifts and unconventional melodies".[50]

Several critics felt Amnesiac was less cohesive than Kid A. AllMusic critic Stephen Thomas Erlewine wrote that it "often plays as a hodgepodge", and that the albums "clearly derive from the same source and have the same flaws ... the division only makes the two records seem unfocused, even if the best of both records is quite stunning".[40] Pitchfork wrote that "the questionable sequencing of Amnesiac does little to hush the argument that the record is merely a thinly veiled B-sides compilation", though its "highlights were undeniably worth the wait, and easily overcome its occasional patchiness".[45] Stylus critic Powell wrote that "it stands as an excellent disc", but was not as "exploratory or interesting" as Kid A.[51]

AccoladesEdit

Amnesiac was nominated for the 2001 Mercury Music Prize, losing to PJ Harvey's Stories from the City, Stories from the Sea, for which Yorke provided guest vocals.[52] It was the fourth consecutive Radiohead album nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Alternative Music Album,[53] and the special edition won a Grammy Award for Best Recording Package in the 44th Grammy Awards.[30]

Several publications named Amnesiac one of the best albums of 2001, including Q,[54] The Wire,[55] Rolling Stone,[56] Kludge,[57] the Village Voice, Pazz and Jop,[58] the Los Angeles Times, and Alternative Press.[59] In 2005, Stylus named it the best album of the decade that far.[51] In 2009, Pitchfork ranked Amnesiac the 34th best album of the 2000s[60] and Rolling Stone ranked it the 25th.[61] It is included in the 2005 book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die,[62] and in 2012 Rolling Stone included it at number 320 in its updated list of The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time.[63] "Pyramid Song" was ranked one of the best tracks of the decade by Rolling Stone,[64] the NME[65] and Pitchfork.[66]

ReissuesEdit

After a period of being out of print on vinyl, EMI reissued a double LP of Amnesiac on 19 August 2008 along with Kid A, Hail to the Thief and OK Computer as part of the "From the Capitol Vaults" series.[67]

On 31 August 2009, EMI reissued Amnesiac in a two-CD "Collector's Edition" and a "Special Collector's Edition" containing an additional DVD. The first CD contains the original studio album; the second CD collects B-sides from Amnesiac singles and live performances; the DVD contains music videos and a live television performance. Radiohead, who left EMI in 2007,[68] had no input into the reissue and the music was not remastered.[69] In Pitchfork's review of the reissue, Scott Plagenhoef wrote: "More than Kid A – and maybe more than any other LP of its time – Amnesiac is the kickoff of a messy, rewarding era ... disconnected, self-aware, tense, eclectic, head-turning – an overload of good ideas inhibited by rules, restrictions, and conventional wisdom."[70]

The "Collector's Editions" were discontinued after Radiohead's back catalogue was transferred to XL Recordings in 2016.[71] In May 2016, XL reissued Radiohead's back catalogue on vinyl, including Amnesiac.[72]

Track listingEdit

All tracks are written by Radiohead (Colin Greenwood, Jonny Greenwood, Ed O'Brien, Philip Selway, Thom Yorke).

No.TitleLength
1."Packt Like Sardines in a Crushd Tin Box"4:00
2."Pyramid Song"4:49
3."Pulk/Pull Revolving Doors"4:07
4."You and Whose Army?"3:11
5."I Might Be Wrong"4:54
6."Knives Out"4:15
7."Morning Bell/Amnesiac"3:14
8."Dollars and Cents"4:52
9."Hunting Bears"2:01
10."Like Spinning Plates"3:57
11."Life in a Glasshouse"4:34


Notes

  • "Pulk/Pull Revolving Doors" is titled "Pull/Pulk Revolving Doors" on Collector's Edition release.

PersonnelEdit

Adapted from the Amnesiac liner notes.[73]

Additional musiciansEdit

Technical personnelEdit

  • Nigel Godrich – production, engineering
  • Radiohead – production
  • Dan Grech-Marguerat – engineering (track 11)
  • Gerard Navarro – engineering assistance
  • Graeme Stewart – engineering assistance
  • Bob Ludwig – mastering

ArtworkEdit

Chart positionsEdit

Chart (2001) Peak
position
Australian Albums (ARIA)[74] 2
Canadian Albums (Billboard)[75] 1
Finnish Albums (Suomen virallinen lista)[76] 1
French Albums (SNEP)[77] 2
German Albums (Offizielle Top 100)[78] 2
Italian Albums (FIMI)[79] 2
Polish Albums (ZPAV)[80] 3
Swiss Albums (Schweizer Hitparade)[81] 6
UK Albums (OCC)[82] 1
US Billboard 200[83] 2

CertificationsEdit

Region Certification Certified units/sales
Argentina (CAPIF)[84] Gold 20,000^
Australia (ARIA)[85] Gold 35,000^
Belgium (BEA)[86] Gold 25,000*
Canada (Music Canada)[87] Platinum 100,000^
France (SNEP)[88] Gold 100,000*
Japan (RIAJ)[89] Gold 100,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[90] Platinum 300,000^
United States (RIAA)[92] Gold 1,020,000[91]
Summaries
Europe (IFPI)[93] Platinum 1,000,000*

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Reynolds, Simon (July 2001). "Walking on Thin Ice". The Wire. Archived from the original on 4 February 2012. Retrieved 17 March 2007.
  2. ^ a b O'Brien, Ed (22 July 1999). "Ed's Diary". Archived from the original on 13 April 2007. Retrieved 19 May 2007.
  3. ^ Cavanagh, David (October 2000). "I Can See The Monsters". Q.
  4. ^ "Radiohead Revealed: The Inside Story of the Year's Most Important Album". Melody Maker. 29 March 2000. Archived from the original on 11 July 2007. Retrieved 18 March 2007.
  5. ^ a b c d Fricke, David (24 May 2001). "Radiohead Warm Up with 'Amnesiac'". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Archived from the original on 15 July 2014. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  6. ^ Yago, Gideon (18 July 2001). "Played in Full". MTV. Viacom. Archived from the original on 15 July 2014. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  7. ^ Kot, Greg (31 July 2001). "It's difficult justifying being a rock band". Chicago Tribune. Tribune Company. Archived from the original on 12 December 2013. Retrieved 27 March 2012.
  8. ^ a b c Greenwood, Colin; O'Brien, Ed (25 January 2001). "Interview with Ed & Colin". Ground Zero (Interview). Interviewed by Chris Douridas. KCRW.
  9. ^ a b c d e Reynolds, Simon (April 2001). "Radiohead recruit new member". Q. Bauer Media Group. Archived from the original on 24 November 2010. Retrieved 27 March 2012.
  10. ^ Broc, David. "Remembering The Future - Interview with Jonny Greenwood". Archived from the original on 8 August 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2014.
  11. ^ "BRIGHT YORKE!". NME. IPC Media. 31 January 2001. Archived from the original on 22 March 2014. Retrieved 27 March 2011.
  12. ^ Kot, Greg (3 June 2001). "Test patterns". Chicago Tribune. Tribune Company. Archived from the original on 12 November 2013. Retrieved 12 November 2013.
  13. ^ "Radiohead Amnesiac Review". BBC Music. Archived from the original on 25 September 2015. Retrieved 20 February 2015.
  14. ^ Lapatine, Scott (3 June 2011). "Amnesiac Turns 10! Hear Covers of Every Track ..." Stereogum. Archived from the original on 12 November 2013. Retrieved 12 November 2013.
  15. ^ vanHorn, Teri (23 February 2001). "Radiohead's Amnesiac Fills in Kid A Picture". MTV. Viacom. Archived from the original on 16 July 2014. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  16. ^ a b c d e f Eshun, Kodwo (2002). "The A-Z of Radiohead". Culture Lab. Archived from the original on 3 July 2001. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
  17. ^ a b c d e f Kent, Nick (June 2001). "Happy now?". MOJO. Bauer. Archived from the original on 6 February 2012. Retrieved 27 March 2012.
  18. ^ Langham, Matt (4 February 2015). "DiS Meets Radiohead's Philip Selway: "If it means something to some people then that is success"". Drowned in Sound. Archived from the original on 4 February 2015. Retrieved 4 February 2015.
  19. ^ Lamacq, Steve (29 May 2001). "BBC Radio 1 Evening Session". BBC (Interview). Interviewed by Steve Lamacq.
  20. ^ Pareles, Jon (8 May 2016). "Review: In Radiohead's 'A Moon Shaped Pool,' Patient Perfectionism". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 12 May 2016. Retrieved 10 September 2016.
  21. ^ Mojo. May 2004
  22. ^ "Planet Sound", Channel 4 Teletext, 19 May 2001
  23. ^ "Spin With a Grin". Radiohead. Archived from the original on 15 February 2003. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
  24. ^ a b Marianne Tatom Letts (8 November 2010). Radiohead and the Resistant Concept Album: How to Disappear Completely. Indiana University Press. pp. 156–167. ISBN 0-253-00491-8. Archived from the original on 26 December 2016.
  25. ^ NME Magazine, 10 May 2003
  26. ^ "Radiohead Hail to the Thief – Interview CD" (Interview). 2003. Promotional interview CD sent to British music press.
  27. ^ "The chairman – Humphrey Lyttelton". BBC. 31 January 2001. Archived from the original on 14 April 2009. Retrieved 1 April 2011.
  28. ^ Goodman, Elizabeth (12 June 2006). "Radiohead's Secret Weapon". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
  29. ^ a b c Pricco, Evan (3 September 2010). "A Stanley Donwood Interview". Juxtapox.com. Archived from the original on 11 December 2010. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
  30. ^ a b "2001 Grammy Award Winners". Grammy.com. Archived from the original on 23 September 2012. Retrieved 1 May 2011.
  31. ^ Saraceno, Christina; Saraceno, Christina (4 January 2001). "Radiohead Reveal New Album Details". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 8 January 2019.
  32. ^ Kessler, Ted. "Radiohead: Pyramid Song: This is our favourite Radiohead single in recent memory ..." NME.com. Archived from the original on 17 October 2007. Retrieved 22 April 2007.
  33. ^ Rose, Phil (2019). Radiohead: Music for a Global Future. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 116. ISBN 144227929X.
  34. ^ "Single Review: Radiohead – Knives Out". Drowned in Sound. Retrieved 10 August 2018.
  35. ^ Pakvis, Peter (21 June 2001). "Radiohead Take 'Amnesiac' On Tour". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Archived from the original on 17 May 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
  36. ^ Martens, Todd (14 June 2001). "Staind Fends Off Radiohead, St. Lunatics at No.1". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Archived from the original on 6 June 2013. Retrieved 8 July 2013.
  37. ^ "RIAJ > The Record > July 2001 > Page 8 > Certified Awards (May 2001)" (PDF). Recording Industry Association of Japan (in Japanese). Archived (PDF) from the original on 28 September 2013. Retrieved 21 August 2013.
  38. ^ Michaels, Sean (16 October 2008). "'In Rainbows outsells last two Radiohead albums'". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Archived from the original on 28 February 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2013.
  39. ^ "Reviews for Amnesiac by Radiohead". Metacritic. Archived from the original on 22 October 2012. Retrieved 30 November 2011.
  40. ^ a b Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Amnesiac – Radiohead". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 3 June 2012. Retrieved 30 November 2011.
  41. ^ Browne, David (8 June 2001). "Amnesiac". Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc. Archived from the original on 27 November 2015. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
  42. ^ Thomson, Graeme (1 June 2001). "Relax: it's nothing like Kid A". The Guardian. London: Guardian Media Group. ISSN 0261-3077. OCLC 60623878. Archived from the original on 15 July 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2011.
  43. ^ a b Hilburn, Robert (3 June 2001). "Traditional Radiohead Meets More Spirited Electronica". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 27 November 2015. Retrieved 26 November 2015.
  44. ^ Segal, Victoria (30 May 2001). "Radiohead : Amnesiac". NME. IPC Media. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 22 July 2014.
  45. ^ a b c d Schreiber, Ryan (4 June 2001). "Radiohead: Amnesiac". Pitchfork. Archived from the original on 17 December 2016. Retrieved 18 March 2017.
  46. ^ Eccleston, Danny (July 2001). "No Kidding". Q (178): 118.
  47. ^ a b Pareles, Jon (29 May 2001). "Amnesiac". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Archived from the original on 19 June 2013. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
  48. ^ Sheffield, Rob (2004). "Radiohead". In Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian (eds.). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide (4th ed.). Simon & Schuster. pp. 671–72. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8.
  49. ^ Frere-Jones, Sasha (July 2001). "Bangers and Mash". Spin. Spin Media. 17 (7): 123–24. ISSN 0886-3032. Archived from the original on 27 December 2016. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
  50. ^ a b c d e Petridis, Alexis (1 July 2001). "CD of the week: Radiohead: Amnesiac". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 November 2018.
  51. ^ a b c "The Top 50 albums, 2000–2005". Stylus Magazine. 18 January 2005. Archived from the original on 6 March 2005. Retrieved 1 April 2007.
  52. ^ "PJ Harvey wins Mercury prize – after witnessing Pentagon attack". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. 12 September 2001. Archived from the original on 25 August 2013. Retrieved 26 November 2011.
  53. ^ Basham, David (24 January 2002). "Got Charts? Creed, Eminem, No Doubt, 'NSYNC Have Something in Common". MTV News. Viacom. Archived from the original on 3 April 2010. Retrieved 26 November 2011.
  54. ^ "The Best 50 Albums of 2001". Q. December 2001. pp. 60–65.
  55. ^ "2001 Rewind: 50 Records of the Year". The Wire. No. 215. London. January 2002. p. 40 – via Exact Editions. (subscription required)
  56. ^ "Rolling Stone (USA) End Of Year Lists". Rocklist. Archived from the original on 23 July 2010. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
  57. ^ Perez, Arturo. "Top 10 Albums of 2001". Kludge. Archived from the original on 22 July 2004. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
  58. ^ "Pazz & Jop 2001: Album Winners". The Village Voice. Archived from the original on 2 December 2013. Retrieved 7 October 2007.
  59. ^ "A.P. CRITICS POLL: THE 25 BEST ALBUMS OF 2001". Alternative Press (#163). February 2002.
  60. ^ "The Top 200 Albums of the 2000s: 50–21". Pitchfork. 1 October 2009. Archived from the original on 16 October 2009. Retrieved 2 June 2012.
  61. ^ "Radiohead, 'Amnesiac'". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Archived from the original on 28 February 2014. Retrieved 21 March 2014.
  62. ^ Robert Dimery; Michael Lydon (23 March 2010). 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die: Revised and Updated Edition. Universe. ISBN 978-0-7893-2074-2.
  63. ^ "500 Greatest Albums of All Time: Radiohead, 'Amnesiac'". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Archived from the original on 4 June 2012. Retrieved 2 May 2012.
  64. ^ "Mary J. Blige, 'Family Affair' - 100 Best Songs of the 2000s". Archived from the original on 23 April 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  65. ^ "150 Best Tracks Of The Past 15 Years". NME. IPC Media. Archived from the original on 29 June 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  66. ^ "The Top 500 Tracks of the 2000s: 100-51". Pitchfork. 19 August 2009. Archived from the original on 22 August 2009. Retrieved 11 August 2012.
  67. ^ "Coldplay, Radiohead to be reissued on vinyl". NME. IPC Media. 10 July 2008. Archived from the original on 2 November 2011. Retrieved 2 November 2011.
  68. ^ Sherwin, Adam (28 December 2007). "EMI accuses Radiohead after group's demands for more fell on deaf ears". The Times. Archived from the original on 6 July 2008. Retrieved 29 August 2011.
  69. ^ McCarthy, Sean (18 December 2009). "The Best Re-Issues of 2009: 18: Radiohead: Pablo Honey / The Bends / OK Computer / Kid A / Amnesiac / Hail to the Thief". PopMatters. Archived from the original on 20 December 2009. Retrieved 29 August 2011.
  70. ^ Plagenhoef, Scott (26 August 2009). "Radiohead: Amnesiac: Special Collectors Edition". Pitchfork. Archived from the original on 5 June 2012. Retrieved 2 June 2012.
  71. ^ Christman, Ed (4 April 2016). "Radiohead's Early Catalog Moves From Warner Bros. to XL". Billboard. Retrieved 6 May 2017.
  72. ^ Spice, Anton (6 May 2016). "Radiohead to reissue entire catalogue on vinyl". thevinylfactory.com. Retrieved 6 May 2017.
  73. ^ Amnesiac (booklet). Radiohead. Parlophone. 2001.CS1 maint: others (link)
  74. ^ "Australiancharts.com – Radiohead – Amnesiac". Hung Medien.
  75. ^ "Radiohead Chart History (Canadian Albums)". Billboard.
  76. ^ "Radiohead: Amnesiac" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland.
  77. ^ "Lescharts.com – Radiohead – Amnesiac". Hung Medien.
  78. ^ "Longplay-Chartverfolgung at Musicline" (in German). Musicline.de. Phononet GmbH.
  79. ^ "Italiancharts.com – Radiohead – Amnesiac". Hung Medien.
  80. ^ "Oficjalna lista sprzedaży :: OLiS - Official Retail Sales Chart". OLiS. Polish Society of the Phonographic Industry.
  81. ^ "Swisscharts.com – Radiohead – Amnesiac". Hung Medien.
  82. ^ "Radiohead | Artist | Official Charts". UK Albums Chart.
  83. ^ "Radiohead Chart History (Billboard 200)". Billboard.
  84. ^ "Discos de oro y platino" (in Spanish). Cámara Argentina de Productores de Fonogramas y Videogramas. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  85. ^ "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2001 Albums". Australian Recording Industry Association.
  86. ^ "Ultratop − Goud en Platina – albums 2001". Ultratop. Hung Medien.
  87. ^ "Canadian album certifications – Radiohead – Amnesiac". Music Canada.
  88. ^ "Notre Base de Données: Radiohead" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Archived from the original on 30 April 2015. Retrieved 24 July 2014.
  89. ^ "Japanese album certifications – Radiohead – Amnesiac" (in Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan. Retrieved 5 October 2019. Select 2001年5月 on the drop-down menu
  90. ^ "Certified Awards Search" (To access, enter the search parameter "Radiohead"). British Phonographic Industry. Archived from the original on 11 January 2013. Retrieved 4 July 2011.
  91. ^ DeSantis, Nick (10 May 2016). "Radiohead's Digital Album Sales, Visualized". Forbes. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
  92. ^ "American album certifications – Radiohead – Amnesiac". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH. 
  93. ^ "IFPI Platinum Europe Awards – 2010". International Federation of the Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 4 July 2019.

External linksEdit