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Ammonium diuranate

Ammonium diuranate or (ADU) ((NH4)2U2O7), is one of the radioactive intermediate chemical forms of uranium produced during yellowcake production. The name "yellowcake" originally given to this bright yellow substance, now applies to mixtures of uranium oxides which are actually hardly ever yellow. It also is an intermediate in mixed-oxide (MOX) fuel fabrication.

Ammonium diuranate
AmmoniumUranate.PNG
Identifiers
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.029.078
Properties
(NH4)2U2O7
Molar mass 624.129 g·mol−1
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references
Ammonium diuranate

It is precipitated by adding aqueous ammonium hydroxide after uranium extraction by tertiary amines in kerosene. This precipitate is then thickened and centrifuged before being calcined to uranium oxide. Canadian practice favours the production of uranium oxide from ammonium diuranate, rather than from uranyl nitrate as is the case elsewhere.[citation needed]

Ammonium diuranate was once used to produce colored glazes in ceramics.[1] However when being fired this will decompose to uranium oxide, so the uranate was only used as a lower cost material than the fully purified uranium oxide.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Safford, Hurd W.; Kuebel, A. (1943-02-01). "Preparations and properties of ammonium diuranate". Journal of Chemical Education. 20 (2): 88. Bibcode:1943JChEd..20...88S. doi:10.1021/ed020p88. ISSN 0021-9584.