Amina Bint al-Majlisi

Amina Begum Bint al-Majlisi was a female Safavid mujtahideh. She was the daughter of the great Safavid religious scholar Mulla Muhammad Taqi Majlisi and granddaughter of the mujtahideh Zubaiyda, who was in turn the daughter of the great philosopher Mulla Sadra. Amina's brother was Mulla Muhammad Baqir Majlisi, the author of the well-known work Bihar al-anvar, to which Amina contributed. She married a student of her father's, Mullah Muhammed Saleh Mazandarani. The family lived in Isfahan, the capital city of the Safavid Empire. The city of Isfahan has a long educational tradition of Shiite ‘Alimat (Islamic preachers) and Muhaddithat (traditionalists). The practice reached to a peak during the Safavid era.[citation needed]


Amina Bint al-Majlisi
Personal details
Spouse(s)Mullah Mohammed Saleh Mazandarani
FatherMulla Muhammad Taqi Majlisi

Amina achieved considerable mastery of authoritative works in Shiite jurisprudence, such as the commentaries on Alfiyeh by Ibn Malik, Shawahid by al-Siyuti, as well as the al-Qava'id by Allameh Hilli. Many great Shiite scholars referred to her as Mujtahidah. The great Marja’ Agha Ahmad Behbahani in his book Mir’at ul ahval jahan nama declared that Amina was an ‘Alima and qualified Mujtahed (jami’ul sharayet) who wrote a book in Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh). The author of Riadhul ‘ulama, who was her contemporary and a pupil of Amina’s husband, described Amina as ‘Alima and Saliha'. He also asserted that she helped her husband to solve the difficulties of Al-Qava’id.

Amina's niece, named “Bint al-Azizullah” (daughter of Mulla Azizulla) was also a mujtahida.[citation needed]

Further readingEdit

  • Ansari, Muhammad ibn ‘Abdullah, Tabaqatul Muhaddithin bi Esbihan val varidin ‘alaiha, 1988, Beirut.
  • Amin, Mustadrekat ‘A’yanu Shi’a, 1410H, Beirut.
  • Behbahani, Ahmad, Mir’atul Ahval, 1991, Tehran
  • Cole, Juan, Sacred Space And Holy War: The Politics, Culture and History of Shi'ite Islam. 2002, p. 61.
  • Effendi, ‘Abdullah, Riyadhul ‘Ulama va Hiyadhul fuzala, 1987, Mashhad.
  • Al-Hasun, Muhammad, A’lamu Nisa al-Muminat, 1411H, Qum
  • Mahallati, Sheikh Zhabihullah, Raiyahinu Shari’a, Tehran, 1991.
  • Tehrani, Agha Bozorg, Al-Zhari’a ila Tasanif al-Shi’a, 1983, Beirut
  • Zanuzi, Muhammad Hussain, Riyadh ul janna, Qum. Mar’ashi Najafi library. 1998.

See alsoEdit