Amica (opera)

Poster for Amica published by Casa Ricordi in 1905

Amica is an opera in two acts by Pietro Mascagni, originally composed to a libretto by Paul Bérel (the pseudonym of Paul de Choudens). The only opera by Mascagni with a French libretto, it was an immediate success with both the audience and the critics on its opening night at the Théâtre du Casino in Monte-Carlo on 16 March 1905. Mascagni himself conducted the performance. The opera had its Italian premiere (with an Italian libretto by Mascagni's close collaborator, Giovanni Targioni-Tozzetti) on 13 May 1905 at the Teatro Costanzi in Rome.

However, like many of Mascagni's operas apart from Cavalleria rusticana, the work then fell into obscurity. One of its few revivals in modern times was on 4 August 2007 at the Festival della Valle d'Itria, using the original French libretto. (It has been released on CD and DVD.) In October 2008, Opera di Roma used the Italian libretto for a new production of Amica in collaboration with Opéra de Monte-Carlo and the Teatro Carlo Goldoni [it] in Livorno.

Set in the mountains of Savoy around 1900, Amica is a classic verismo drama. It recounts a domestic tragedy involving two brothers (Giorgio and Renaldo) and the woman they both love (Amica).

RolesEdit

Roles, voice types, premiere cast
Role Voice type French premiere cast, 16 March 1905
Conductor: Pietro Mascagni[1]
Italian premiere cast, 13 May 1905
Conductor: Pietro Mascagni[2]
Amica soprano Geraldine Farrar Amalia Karola
Giorgio tenor Charles Rousselière Piero Schiavazzi
Renaldo baritone Maurice Renaud Riccardo Stracciari
Père Camoine bass Henri-Alexandre Lequien Leo Eral
Magdelone soprano Paola Rainaldi Italia Bonetti

RecordingsEdit

  • In Italian: Katia Ricciarelli, Fabio Armiliato, Walter Donati, Elia Padovan, Hungarian Radio and Television Symphony Orchestra & Chorus. Conductor: Marco Pace. Released 1996. Kicco Classic 00296
  • In the original French: Anna Malavasi, David Sotgiu, Pierluigi Dilengite, Marcello Rosiello, Francesca De Giorgi, Festival della Valle d'Itria, Orchestra Internazionale d'Italia, Bratislava Chamber Choir. Conductor: Manlio Benzi. Digital live recording. Released 2008. CD version: Dynamic CDS 574. DVD version: Dynamic, distributed by Naxos, filmed at the Palazzo Ducale, Martina Franca, Italy, 4–6 August 2007.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Casaglia, Gherardo (2005). "Amica, 16 March 1905". L'Almanacco di Gherardo Casaglia (in Italian).
  2. ^ Casaglia, Gherardo (2005). "Amica, 13 May 1905". L'Almanacco di Gherardo Casaglia (in Italian).

Further readingEdit

  • Jellinek, George, Recording review, Opera News, November 1996
  • Mallach, Alan, Pietro Mascagni and His Operas, Northeastern University Press, 2002, pp. 165–169. ISBN 1-55553-524-0, 9781555535247

External linksEdit