American patriotism is patriotism involving cultural attachment to the United States of America. Identified as related to American nationalism, despite many diverse ethnic backgrounds in the United States, pride in the American way of life is common amongst all of the citizens; the US constitution is at the center of this national pride.
At the end of the French and Indian War, which was the North American theater of the Seven Years' War, the Parliament of Great Britain passed the Stamp Act of 1765, which imposed a direct tax on the British colonies and plantations in America. The purpose of the tax was to pay for British military troops stationed in the American colonies, but it was bitterly opposed by the colonists as a violation of their right as Englishmen to assent to such taxes through parliamentary representation. Their fierce opposition made the tax uncollectable, and caused direct harm to papermakers in England. This caused Parliament to repeal the act. The colonial opposition, led by Samuel Adams, "created Committees of Correspondence in the various Colonies to begin the long, slow work toward gaining independence from England."
The British Parliament passed the Tea Tax in 1773 which aggravated the majority of the Colonists. Samuel Adams took this chance to rally the Boston Tea Party: "The taxes of Americans were being increased without any comment or input from the Colonies. Cries of 'Taxation without representation!' rang loud and clear from Savannah to Maine" The wiser of the radicals wanted nothing more than to dump the tea into the harbor, to avoid bloodshed, which they did successfully. However, some younger radicals, such as Thomas Moore, sought a more violent reaction. The aftermath included many American ports rejecting incoming tea; though some shipments were offloaded, no one wanted to claim the tea. Resulting rotten tea after 3 years of sitting on the shore, the tea was dumped into the harbor. Ports in Philadelphia and New York refused to unload the shipments, causing the ships to turn back to England.
On July 4, 1776, the Declaration of Independence was ratified, declaring the first 13 North American colonies free from Britain's rule. It emphasizes basic human rights, such as that "all men are created equal," that people have "unalienable rights," and that people have the right to "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness." On June 21, 1788, the principles and values of the Constitution of the United States were ratified and the first legislature was established on March 4, 1789.
- George McKenna (2008). The Puritan Origins of American Patriotism. Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-13767-2.
- Jeremy Latchaw (2009). American Patriotism Through the Eyes of an Eagle. Xulon Press. ISBN 978-1-60791-485-3.
- American Patriotism: American Ideals in the Words of America's Great Men. Allyn and Bacon. 1926.
- John E. Bodnar (1996). Bonds of Affection: Americans Define Their Patriotism. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-04396-5.
- Woden Teachout (2009). Capture the Flag: A Political History of American Patriotism. Basic Books. ISBN 978-0-7867-4476-3.
- June Granatir Alexander (2008). Ethnic Pride, American Patriotism: Slovaks And Other New Imiigrants. Temple University Press. ISBN 978-1-59213-780-0.