This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Envoy Air Inc. (formerly American Eagle Airlines) is an air carrier headquartered in Irving, Texas, in the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex. It is a wholly owned subsidiary of American Airlines Group that, along with several carriers outside the group, feeds the American Airlines route network under the American Eagle brand. With over 1000 flights a day, serving 150 cities across the United States, Canada, Mexico and the Caribbean, Envoy is considered to be one of the world's largest regional airline systems. Envoy is an affiliate member of the Oneworld airline alliance.
|Founded||1984Fort Worth, Texas as American Eagle Airlines in |
1998 (second incarnation from Simmons Airlines)
|Company slogan||Going for great.|
|Parent company||American Airlines Group|
|Traded as||NASDAQ: AAL|
|Headquarters||Irving, Texas, United States|
|Operating income||See parent|
|Net income||See parent|
|Total assets||See parent|
|Total equity||See parent|
The name "American Eagle Airlines" was also used between April 1980 and April 1981 by an unrelated air charter service that suspended operations and filed bankruptcy before flying any scheduled operations.
Envoy began as a collection of regional carriers with contracts to carry the American Eagle brand name. The first American Eagle flight was operated by Metroflight Airlines, which was a wholly owned subsidiary of Metro Airlines (formerly Houston Metro Airlines), on November 1, 1984, from Fayetteville, Arkansas and Fort Smith, Arkansas, to Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport. Metroflight utilized Convair 580 turboprop aircraft that had been formerly operated by Frontier Airlines. Other carriers that have flown in American Eagle livery include Executive Airlines, Command Airways, Air Virginia, Simmons Airlines, Chaparral Airlines and Wings West Airlines. Among other aircraft in its fleet, Chaparral flew Grumman I-C turboprops which were stretched, 37 passenger regional airliner versions of Grumman's successful propjet business aircraft and was one of only a few air carriers to ever operate the type in scheduled passenger service.
Until 1987 these third-party carriers flew under contract with American Airlines to provide regional feed to its hubs. During 1987 and 1988 AMR Corp. acquired its regional carriers, starting with Simmons Airlines. AMR's final airline d/b/a American Eagle acquisition was Executive Airlines in 1989.
By mid-1991 AMR had consolidated the number of carriers to four. The May 15, 1998, merger of Wings West and Flagship into Simmons (and the name change of Simmons Airlines to American Eagle Airlines) reduced the number of carriers flying as American Eagle under separate operating certificates to two: American Eagle Airlines, Inc. and Executive Airlines, Inc.
During 2007, AMR began studying ways to spin American Eagle Airlines off into a separate company, including, but not limited to, the possibilities of selling the company to either stockholders or to an unaffiliated third party. In 2008, AMR said any plans had been put on hold until the airline industry stabilized after the worldwide financial crisis. In July 2011, AMR announced the spin-off of American Eagle Airlines but those plans were again put on hold when Parent AMR Corp. filed for bankruptcy in November 2011. In 2014 the company changed its name to Envoy Air Inc., but American Eagle continues to live on as a brand, as well as livery for Envoy-operated and third party-operated regional flights.
|Carrier||Eagle service began||Acquired by AMR||Eagle service ended||Notes|
|Metroflight Airlines (formerly Metro Airlines)||November 1, 1984||May 28, 1993||May 28, 1993||Bankrupt; assets acquired by Simmons Airlines|
|AVAir (formerly Air Virginia)||May 15, 1985||May 1988||May 1988||Bankrupt; assets acquired by Nashville Eagle|
|Simmons Airlines||October 1, 1985||August 1, 1987||May 15, 1998||Merged with Flagship and Wings West to form American Eagle Airlines|
|Command Airways||April 27, 1986||September 28, 1988||June 1, 1991||Merged into Nashville Eagle to form Flagship Airlines|
|Wings West||June 1986||August 9, 1987||May 15, 1998||Merged into Simmons to form American Eagle Airlines, Inc.|
|Executive Airlines||November 1, 1986||1990||March 31, 2013||San Juan (SJU) American Eagle hub shut down with ATR-72 turboprop aircraft phased out of fleet|
|Nashville Eagle||January 1988||January 1988||June 1, 1991||Merged with Command Airways to form Flagship Airlines|
|Flagship Airlines||June 1, 1991||June 1, 1991||May 15, 1998||Formed by the merger of Command Airways into Nashville Eagle; merged into Simmons to form American Eagle Airlines, Inc.|
|American Eagle Airlines||May 15, 1998||May 15, 1998||Apr 15, 2014||Formed by the merger of Wings West and Flagship into Simmons|
|Envoy Air||Apr 15, 2014||May 15, 1998||Still Operating||American Eagle Airlines rebranded to Envoy|
- In January 1988, Nashville Eagle became AMR Corp.’s first and only start-up airline, using equipment acquired from Air Midwest.
- American Eagle Airlines launched its regional jet service in May 1998 using Embraer ERJ 145 aircraft.
- Business Express was acquired by AMR Eagle Holdings Corporation in March 1999, although it never flew under the American Eagle brand before being fully integrated into American Eagle Airlines, Inc. in December 2000.
Rebranding as Envoy AirEdit
On January 14, 2014, American Airlines Group officially announced the rebranding of its American Eagle subsidiary as Envoy. Aircraft operated by American Eagle continued to operate under the current American Eagle branding, but an "Operated by Envoy Air" label was added, similar to the label used by other contract airlines that fly aircraft with American Eagle livery. This name change was created to avoid confusion when American Airlines announced that other regional carriers would operate on behalf of American. The term 'Envoy' is a reincarnation of the now deprecated Envoy Class of seating on US Airways aircraft.
American Eagle was previously headquartered at the American Airlines headquarters in Fort Worth, Texas and had employees in several buildings: HDQ1, HDQ2, the Systems Operations Control (SOC) center, the DFW American Eagle hangar, the DFW-area warehouse CP-28, Flight Academy, and the Flagship University. It was scheduled to consolidate operations and move 600 employees; from the headquarters, SOC, and training divisions; into the Irving offices in July 2014; they were formerly occupied by Epsilon.
For a brief period American Eagle Airlines cooperated with Trans World Airlines by allowing the placement of the TW two letter IATA code upon American Eagle Airlines flights feeding into Los Angeles and later New York's JFK Airports. These services were known as the Trans World Connection. These American Eagle Airlines/Trans World agreements were forged prior to and well in advance of AMR Corporation's route and asset acquisition of TWA in 2001.
|2||Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas||172|
|3||New York–LGA, New York||61|
|5||New York–JFK, New York||21|
This section does not cite any sources. (January 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- Chicago, Illinois – (O'Hare International Airport)
- Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas – (Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport)
- Miami, Florida – (Miami International Airport)
- New York, New York – (LaGuardia Airport/JFK)
There were previously bases in Boston, Los Angeles, Nashville, Raleigh/Durham, and San Juan.
As of October 2019, the Envoy Air fleet consists of the following aircraft:
|Bombardier CRJ-700||9||8||46||63||Transfer of remaining fleet to PSA Airlines at the rate of two per month resumed in April 2017.|
|Embraer ERJ-140||—||—||44||44||Stored aircraft are at Mathis Field in "Near-Flying" condition on month to month lease of ramp space.|
|Embraer ERJ-145||—||—||50||50||15 E145s to be transferred from Trans States Airlines to Envoy.|
|Embraer E175||12||20||44||76||Deliveries began November 2015. Includes 46 options.|
In September 2009, AMR Corporation announced plans to add a First Class cabin to its fleet of 25 Bombardier CRJ-700 regional jets and also signed a letter of intent with Bombardier, Inc. to exercise options for the purchase of 22 additional CRJ-700 aircraft for delivery beginning in the middle of 2010.
In January 2014, American Eagle's pilots' union reached an agreement with the regional carrier's management that guaranteed 60 of the 90 new Embraer E175 aircraft that American Airlines ordered in December were to be operated by Eagle. The deal included options for 90 other aircraft to be operated by the regional carrier. Delivery of the aircraft would begin in the first quarter of 2015. This deal was voted down by the pilots' union, the Air Line Pilots Association (ALPA).
In October 2016, Envoy announced they had taken delivery of two additional Embraer E175 aircraft.
In May 2018, Envoy announced that they will take delivery of fifteen additional Embraer E175 aircraft between March and November 2019 bringing the total of E175's to 69 by the end of 2019.
In November 2018, Envoy announced that they will take delivery of an additional fifteen Embraer E175 aircraft totaling 84 by mid-2020.
Historical turboprop fleetEdit
The American Eagle brand operated a variety of twin turboprop aircraft over the years via its various regional and commuter airline partners, including the ATR 42 and ATR 72; Beechcraft Model 99; British Aerospace Jetstream 31 and 32 models; CASA C-212 Aviocar; Convair 580; Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner; Grumman Gulfstream I (stretched G-IC model); NAMC YS-11; Short 330 and Short 360; and the Saab 340. Piedmont Airlines (wholly owned by US Airways at the time of its merger with AA) operates a fleet of de Havilland Canada DHC-8 turboprop aircraft as American Eagle. The -100 variety was retired in November 2017. The -300 variety was retired in July 2018.
Incidents and accidentsEdit
- January 2006: American Eagle Flight 3008 from San Luis Obispo to Los Angeles, a Saab 340B+ operated by American Eagle Airlines, encountered icing at 11,000 feet and regained control only at 6,500 feet, after some 50 seconds' descent. During the incident, in which no one was injured, the autopilot disconnected, the stall alarm/clacker sounded, and the plane rolled sharply left and right, experienced vibration, and pitched down. Manual deice boots were activated and ice could be heard shedding off and striking the fuselage. The NTSB report on this incident referenced three other Saab 340 icing incidents, as well as the Flight 4184 incident referenced above. The three were Nov. 11, 1998, in Eildon Weir, Victoria, Australia; June 28, 2002, in Bathurst, New South Wales, Australia; and June 18, 2004, in Albury, New South Wales, Australia.
- "History of American Airlines". American Airlines Inc. 2015. Archived from the original on May 26, 2012. Retrieved December 28, 2015.
- Federal Aviation Administration. "Airline Certificate Information - Detail View". av-info.faa.gov. U.S. Department of Transportation. Retrieved December 28, 2015.
- "Our Company". Envoy Air Inc. Retrieved December 28, 2015.
- "Leadership". Envoy Air Inc. Archived from the original on January 5, 2016. Retrieved December 28, 2015.
- "American Airlines Group Executive Leadership Team". American Airlines, Inc. 2015. Archived from the original on March 16, 2016. Retrieved December 28, 2015.
- "Una mirada a Envoy". Aa.com. March 30, 2009. Archived from the original on June 11, 2012. Retrieved October 14, 2012.
- "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International. March 27, 2007. p. 75.
- Tom W Norwood (1996). "1980". Deregulation Knockouts, Round One. Airways. p. 33. ISBN 0-9653993-0-3.
- Pettus, Michael L. (June 19, 2017). "Growth from Chaos: Developing Your Firm's Resources to Achieve Profitability Without Cost Cutting". Greenwood Publishing Group. Retrieved June 19, 2017 – via Google Books.
- [dead link]
- [dead link]
- [dead link]
- [dead link]
- [dead link]
- [dead link]
- [dead link]
- [dead link]
- "Company News: American Eagle Air buying Business Express." The New York Times. December 5, 1998 "?". New York Times. December 5, 1998.
- Envoy is picked as new name for American Eagle Airlines | Dallas News - Business Archived March 7, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved on 2014-01-14.
- "American Eagle: Where every seat is Envoy Class - Wandering Aramean". January 14, 2014.
- Home page. Envoy Air. Retrieved on January 8, 2017. "4301 Regent Boulevard Irving, TX 75063"
- Maxon, Terry (April 9, 2014). "American Eagle to move 600+ employees into Irving offices in summer 2014". The Dallas Morning News. Archived from the original on May 20, 2014. Retrieved January 8, 2017.
- "Before the Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C.:" (PDF). Trans World Air Lines, Inc. Retrieved October 14, 2012.[permanent dead link]
- "Flight Stats". flightstats.com. September 14, 2017. Archived from the original on April 7, 2014.
- "Envoy Fleet - Airfleets aviation".
- "Why So Many American Eagle Jets are Parked at Mathis Field". April 9, 2015.
- "American Airlines Drops Two Regional Carriers as It Streamlines". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved July 10, 2018.
- "Envoy Continues to Grow Embraer Fleet". November 6, 2018.
- "AMR Corporation Takes Significant Steps to Face Near-Term Challenges". American Airlines Newsroom. September 17, 2009. Retrieved January 30, 2014.
- "New Eagle pilots contract would increase flying options but freeze pay". star-telegram.com. January 15, 2014. Retrieved January 30, 2014.
- "American Airlines Signs Multibillion-Dollar Jet Deals". wsj.com. December 12, 2013. Retrieved January 30, 2014.
- NTSB Safety Recommendation July 10, 2006. Addressed to Honorable Marion Blakey, Commissioner, Federal Aviation Authority, pp. 1-4. Retrieved February 15, 2009.
- "LAX06IA076". NTSB.gov. January 2, 2006. Retrieved October 14, 2012.
- "Safety Recommendation" (PDF). Federal Aviation Authority. NTSB. July 10, 2006. pp. 1–4. Retrieved February 15, 2009.
- "Investigation: 200402415 - Saab Aircraft Co SF-340A, VH-KEQ". Atsb.gov.au. Retrieved October 14, 2012.